Johnson Megan


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World War I Virtual Museum

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Johnson Megan

  1. 1. Welcome to World War 1 Museum Museum
  2. 2. Causes of World War 1 Imperialism Nationalism Alliances
  3. 3. Trench Warfare
  4. 4. Why the U.S entered World War 1
  5. 5. U.S in WW1 & Treaty of Versailles
  6. 6. Zimmermann Note  Zimmermann was a German official, sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack the United States.  In exchange he promised that Germany would aid them in retrieving some of the land that we took from them.
  7. 7. Unrestricted • Caused the Sussex pledge Submarine Warfare to come about. By 1917 Germany is • Germany promised not to defeating Russia on sink merchant ships with the eastern front, they won a quick victory on out first warning them and the eastern front. rescuing them. When they did this they used unrestricted warfare. Sinking all ships needed, towards allied nations.
  8. 8. Lusitania  It was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunitions.  A German submarine sunk the ship.  1,198 passengers died (128 Americans). They fired without any  President Wilson demanded that warning, passengers on Germany apologize the ship had no idea what and pay for the was coming there way. damage that had been done.
  9. 9. Nationalism  Having a great deal of pride in our country.  It started by the killing of the Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand and his wife on 28th June 1914.  Pan German, unit German speaking people.  Pan Slavic, unit all Slavic speaking people.  In Bosnia 95% speak Slavic language but controlled by German speaking Austria.
  10. 10. Imperialism • European Nations started competing for colonies. • They thought that ‘bigger was better’. • Areas of conflict were: Africa, Bosnia, Alsace and Lorraine.
  11. 11. Militarism Building up strong willed • Military was built for two people for the military. reasons, – Protect there colonies. – Peer pressure • They used mandatory draft to accomplish this. • Russia had the largest army, Germany the best trained, and Britain had the largest navy.
  12. 12. Alliances  Alliances are forming partnership with other nations. – Allies: Britain, France, Russia (United States). – Central Powers: Germany, Austria, Ottoman Empire.
  13. 13. TRENCH • Problems in the WARFARE trenches were; tons of • To protect their mud, rats, horrible positions and to cut smell, bodies rotting, down the losses on unable to stay dry, both sides of dug maggots, and lice trenches. diseases. • During the night supplies were brought, at dawn war began.
  14. 14. • By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy and North France • 1918 Russia has a Revolution and drop out of the war. • Now Germany can concentrate on Western Front. • July 1918 the U.S have 1 million troops in war. • Cut of German Rail Lines, which supply their troops. • Attack through the Argonne Forest, takes 47 days and 1.2 million soldiers. • October 1918 German lines crumble. • November the allies have captured high ground and German surrenders. • The 11th hour, the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918 the war finally ends! General Pershing led the U.S troops into war. U.S in World War One
  15. 15. Treaty of • Germany’s Punishment Versailles – They must accept full New Nations were created. •Russia= Finland, responsibility. Latvia, Lithuanian, – Took away their colonies, Estonia and Poland. •Austria/Hungary= coal field, areas of Alsace Czechoslovakia, and and Lorraine. Yugoslavia. •Ottoman Empire divided • Created the League of up to be controlled by allies. Nations. – An organization of nations established at the end of WW1 to maintain world stability.
  16. 16. THE END!