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World War I Virtual Museum

World War I Virtual Museum

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  • 1. Causes of world war 1
  • 2. Why The U.S entered WW1
  • 3. Treaty of Versailles
  • 4. Trench Warfare & U.S in WW1
  • 5.  Pan- German- united all German speaking people.  Pan- Slavic- united all Slavic speaking people.  example: Bosnia- 95% speak Slavic, controlled by a German speaking Austria.
  • 6.  European nations competing for colonies  “bigger is better”  Areas of conflict: Africa, Bosnia, Alsace, Lorraine
  • 7.  Military was built up for 2 reasons: to protect their colonies and peer pressure.  They used mandatory draft to accomplish this.  Russia had the largest army, Germany had the best trained, Brittany had the largest navy.
  • 8.  Central power: Germany, Austria, and ottoman empire.  Allies: Britain, Russia, France, U.S.
  • 9.  To protect their positions & to cut down on losses. Both sides dug trenches  At night supplies were brought in & scouts were sent out.  At dawn/ dusk attacks came: hit them with artillery & then go over the top.
  • 10.  Problems in the trenches: mud, rats, smell, body rot, cold, staying dry, maggots, lice, disease.  Had to go through barbwire, machine gun fire and craters.
  • 11.  Sinking of the Lusitania - It was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunitions - A German submarine sunk the ship - 1,198 passengers died (128 Americans) -President Wilson demanded that the Germans apologize and pay for damages
  • 12.  Zimmerman note - He was a German official - He sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack U.S - In exchange he promised that Germany would aid them in retrieving some of the land we took from them.
  • 13.  Unrestricted submarine warfare -Sussex pledge- Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning -By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the eastern front, they want a quick victory on the western front. -to do this they use unrestricted submarine warfare- sinking all ships headed toward allies nations.
  • 14.  General Pershing led the U.S. troops  By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy & N. France  1918 Russia has a revolution & they drop out of the war -Now Germany can concentrate on the western troops  By July, 1918 the U.S have1million troops in the War  We cut off the German rail lines which supply their troops - We attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes us 47 days & 1.2 million soldiers but we cut off their supply.  By October, 1918 German lines are crumbling  In November the Allies have captured the high ground & Germany surrenders  The 11th hour, the 11th day, the 11th month in 1918 the war ends!
  • 15.  New nations created -Russia= Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland. -Austria- Hungary= Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia. -Ottoman Empire= divided up to be controlled by their allies.
  • 16.  Germany’s punishment -Germany must accept full responsibility -took away their colonies, coal field, and the areas of Alsace and Lorraine -Forced them to pay $33 billion to the allies -They were only able to pay $4.5 billion
  • 17.  Created the league of nations -An organization of nations established at the end of WW1 to maintain world stability.