A Framework for Teaching
Whatateacher knowsanddoes in
preparation for engaging students in
The Classroom Environment
maintainaculture forlearning that
Professional responsibilities andbehavior in
Whatateacher doestocognitively engage
The Framework for Teaching Charlotte Danielson
• “…all human beings-
adults as well as children-
it is the learner who does
• “People remember an
experience based on
what their pre-existing
knowledge and cognitive
structures allow them to
absorb-regardless of a
teacher’s intentions or
the quality of an
• “…the activities…must be
• The Framework for
Teaching is based upon
Remember this saying…
• “People will forget what you said. People will
forget what you did, but people will never
forget how you made them feel”.
• -Maya Angelou
• “When students remember their teachers in
years later, it is often for the teacher’s skill in
The Classroom Environment
• 2a: Creating an Environment of Respect and
• 2b: Establishing a Culture for Learning
• 2c: Managing Classroom Procedures
• 2d: Managing Student Behavior
• 2e: Organizing Physical Space
• Domain 2 is all about the various ways that
teachers create a classroom environment that
promotes learning. It is “demonstrated
principally through a teacher’s interaction
with students.” Domain 2…”set(s) the stage for
2a: Creating an Environment of
Respect and Rapport
• Teacher interaction with the students
• Student interaction with other students
• “Students feel respected by the teacher and
their peers, they believe that the teacher
cares about them and their learning.”
• “Students themselves will ensure standards of
What response would you give?
• If a student offers an idea, or a response to a
teacher’s question that is so far off base as to
promote laughter from the other students?
2b: Establishing a Culture for Learning
• “A “culture for learning” refers to the atmosphere
in the classroom and reflects the importance of
the work undertaken by both students and
• Classroom characteristics include:
• “high energy”
• It’s “cool” to be smart, and good ideas are valued
• It’s safe to take risks
• Students “believe that their teacher has a high
regard for their abilities”.
2b: Establishing a Culture for Learning
• If we truly believe…
• All children can and will learn
• Parents want and deserve the best education
for their children; deserving our full support in
the co-education of their children
• We are all learners – teachers and students
Honor Roll Assembly?
• Student recognition for academic
What is a “Positive Classroom
• Classroom climate refers to the prevailing
mood, attitudes, standards, and tone that you
and your students feel when they are in your
• A negative classroom climate can feel hostile,
chaotic, and out of control.
• A positive classroom climate feels safe,
respectful, welcoming, and supportive of
To create a positive climate for your classroom,
focus on the following three “pieces” of the
classroom climate “pie:”
Develop Classroom Rules
• Develop and reinforce classroom rules and
norms that clearly support safe and respectful
behavior. Having classroom rules helps you create
a predictable, safe learning environment for your
students. Rules give your students clear
boundaries and opportunities to practice self-
regulation and make good choices. When
students feel safe and respected both
emotionally and physically, they are able to focus
better on learning.
Promote Positive Peer Relationships
• You want to create an environment where your students support and are kind to
one another. Some ways you can do this are:
• Notice and reinforce casual positive interactions between students on a daily basis.
• Deliberately plan relationship-building activities and games that encourage
positive interactions. These can be long-term projects, or short and simple games
designed for students to get to know each other better.
• Pay attention to the social dynamics of your classroom. Do some students have
trouble making friends? Do some students have trouble getting along with others?
Who has a lot of friends? Who has few friends? Interviewing your students one-
on-one can help you identify students that have stronger or weaker social
connections. This can inform your seating arrangements, guide your grouping and
pairing decisions, and assist you in helping students form new networks of friends.
• Have class meetings. Class meetings provide a safe environment in which students
can discuss with you and each other topics that are important to them. You and
your students can get to know each other better and build relationships through
open discussions on subjects like: Following Rules, How to Get Help, Including
Others, Solving Problems, etc. This helps create a positive classroom climate built
on trust and respect.
February 14, 2013
$1.00 “Dress in a Red Shirt” Day
All proceeds to benefit the “Stars for Hope” after-school program in Howard Beach.
This year to celebrate Valentines Day, we will celebrate “Generosity Day” at PS/MS207!
All students and staff are asked to celebrate Generosity Day in our school. The idea is to embrace the
idea of doing small acts of kindness in a pay-it-forward structure. When someone does something
kind for you, put his or her name on a slip provided by your teacher, and put it in the Generosity Day
collection bag. Each teacher will draw 1 name from his/her class to choose a book from our recent
Scholastic Book donation as a prize.
What can you do to celebrate Generosity Day in our school?
Some suggestions include:
1. Being extra nice to people
2. Holding the door for others
3. Helping a student, teacher or staff member
4. Any little gesture that can make a difference in the life of another member of our school
Nurture positive relationships with all
• You need to let your students know that you not only care about their
progress in the classroom, you also care about them as human beings.
Some ways you can do this are:
• Greet your students by name every time they walk in the door. This lets
them know that you notice and care that they are there.
• Use warm, inclusive behaviors with your face, body and words each day.
Smile! Ask, “How are you feeling?” Look at your students. Notice and
reinforce their positive behaviors with encouraging words.
• Ask your students personal questions that will help you get to know them
and what’s happening in their lives outside of school. “How was your
soccer game last night?” “Is your grandma feeling better?”
• Notice changes in students’ physical and emotional behaviors. Changes
may indicate a student is in need of additional emotional support. Provide
or find support for that student as needed.
• Spend and keep track of individual time with each one of your students
over a set duration (such as each month).
ABC News: What makes a great
2c: Managing Classroom Procedures
• Students themselves…”will take the initiative
in implementing, or even improving, the
routines and procedures.”
• “materials and supplies are well managed.”
• Routines are established for every operation
in the classroom (i.e., paper distribution)
• School emergency procedures
The Teacher’s Corner
2d: Managing Student Behavior
• Students themselves…”will ensure compliance
with the standards of conduct.”
• “As any parent knows, children are not born
being nice to one another.”
2d: Managing Student Behavior
• What are administrators looking for?
• Grouping strategies
• Classroom rules and procedures posted and in age-appropriate language
• Student-developed behavior rubrics
• Student surveys
• Student voice and engagement
• Student attendance
• Classroom observations
• Teacher/student tone of voice when interacting
• Discipline referrals
• Parent feedback
• Students’ overt level of confidence
• Feedback to students
• Students’ ability to explain classroom procedures
• Ratio of positive to negative comments by teacher or students
• Students’ treatment of classroom’s physical environment and learning materials
• Students feedback to peers regarding their performance or work products
• Teacher’s involvement with school-based teams related to behavior interventions
• Student incentive program
• Use of school-wide systems to support positive behaviors
• Students’ ability to verbalize the consequences for misbehavior
NYC DOE Discipline Code
NYC DOE Policy on Social Media
• “Teachers who excel in Domain 2…never
forget their proper role as adults, so they
don’t try to be pals.”
• “Students regard them as a special sort of
friend, a protector, a challenger, someone who
will permit no harm.”
2e: Organizing Physical Space
• Students themselves…”may make suggestions
for how the room arrangement could better
support their learning.”
• Classroom must be safe – no dangling wires
• This will be interesting for those who travel
from class-to-class with a rolling cart.
Physical Environment Includes:
• Desk Arrangements
• Student Placement
• Classroom Decoration
• Music in the classroom
• Classroom Layout and Design
• Classroom set up ideas
• Classroom Arrangements
• Classroom arrangement ideas
• Classroom organization and arrangement
• Classroom decorating ideas
• Place easily distracted students away from
each other, doorways, windows and areas of
• Preferably, place to one side of the classroom,
close to the front.
• An inclusive classroom should place students
in areas of the class best suited to their needs.
The Classroom Architect
• Students like to see their work displayed.
• Class-made posters help students develop a
sense of belonging.
• Make the environment inviting