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Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance
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Road To Independence -Parliamentary Acts and Colonial Resistance

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The steps leading up the American Revolution

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    • 1. THE ROAD TO INDEPENDENCE 1763-1775
    • 2. KEY TERMS
      • BOYCOTT: REFUSAL TO BUY
      • MILITIA: AN ARMY OF ORDINARY CITIZENS
      • MINUTEMAN: COLONIAL MILITIA (CITIZEN SOLDIER); NEEDED TO BE READY AT A MINUTE’S NOTICE
      • ARTILLERY: CANNONS & LARGE GUNS
    • 3. The Enlightenment
      • Time when natural rights philosophers like John Locke encouraged thinking. Locke is quoted in both Common Sense (T.Paine)and the Declaration of Independence (T. Jefferson)
    • 4. The French & Indian War 1754-1763
      • Conflict over disputed Ohio Valley.
      • Spread to Europe - known as the Seven Years War
      • Forced the French and the British to send troops
      • and supplies to their American colonies
      • Great Britain = winner , yet, the war caused debt
    • 5.
      • PROCLAMATION OF 1763
      • IN RESPONSE TO PONTIAC’S REBELLION, KING
      • GEORGE III FORBADE THE COLONISTS FROM
      • SETTLING WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MTS;
      • 10,000 BRITISH SOLDIERS ENFORCED THE
      • PROCLAMATION
      • COLONISTS’ RESPONSE: ANGERED; SOME IGNORED THE ORDER
      • ROLE OF GENERAL THOMAS GAGE : CONCENTRATED SOLDIERS IN NY TO RUSH TO “HOT SPOTS” ALONG THE FRONTIER
    • 6. STOP
    • 7. Proclamation of 1763
    • 8. REASONS FOR TAXING THE COLONIES
      • 1. PAY WAR DEBT
      • 2. $ TO KEEP SOLDIERS ON THE FRONTIER
    • 9. SUGAR ACT OF 1764
      • The Sugar Act put a three-cent tax on foreign sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo , and certain kinds of wine. It banned importation of rum and French wines. The British actually lowered the price of sugar with the hope of cutting down on smuggled goods.
    • 10. REQUIRED THE COLONIES TO QUARTER (house & supply) BRITISH SOLDIERS QUARTERING ACT OF 1765
    • 11. QUARTERING ACT
    • 12. STAMP ACT 1765
      • TAX ON PAPER PRODUCTS (DIPLOMAS, NEWSPAPERS, LEGAL DOCUMENTS, ADVERTISEMENTS, PLAYING CARDS ETC.)
      • COLONIAL RESISTANCE: RALLY CRY, “NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!”
    • 13. STAMP ACT CONGRESS NYC 1765
      • 1. DREW UP A PETITION PROTESTING THE STAMP ACT
      • 2. DECLARED THAT THE RIGHT TO TAX BELONGED TO THE COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES, NOT TO PARLIAMENT!
      • 3. UNIFIED THE COLONIES ON THIS ISSUE
    • 14. STAMP ACT CONGRESS NYC 1765
      • 1. DREW UP A PETITION PROTESTING THE STAMP ACT
      • 2. DECLARED THAT THE RIGHT TO TAX BELONGED TO THE COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES, NOT TO PARLIAMENT!
      • 3. UNIFIED THE COLONIES ON THIS ISSUE
      HEY PARLIAMENT!!! You’re Not The BOSS Of ME!
    • 15. SONS OF LIBERTY & DAUGHTERS OF LIBERTY
      • SECRET SOCIETIES; MOST WERE LAWYERS, MERCHANTS & ARTISANS; STAGED PROTESTS, BURNED STAMPED PAPER, TARRED & FEATHERED CUSTOMS OFFICIALS, BURNED DOWN BLDGS
      • LEADER: SAM ADAMS
    • 16. STAMP ACT
    • 17. PARLIAMENT’S RESPONSE:
      • DECLARATORY ACT
      • “ FUNERAL OF THE STAMP ACT”
      • 1. CANCELLED THE STAMP ACT IN 1766;
      • 2. DECLARED PARLIAMENT’S RIGHT TO
      • LEGISLATE FOR THE COLONIES “IN
      • ALL CASES WHATSOEVER.”
    • 18. PARLIAMENT’S RESPONSE:
      • DECLARATORY ACT
      • “ FUNERAL OF THE STAMP ACT”
      • 1. CANCELLED THE STAMP ACT IN 1766;
      • 2. DECLARED PARLIAMENT’S RIGHT TO
      • LEGISLATE FOR THE COLONIES “IN
      • ALL CASES WHATSOEVER.”
      HEY COLONISTS!!!! We ARE The BOSS Of YOU!
    • 19. FUNERAL OF THE STAMP ACT WHAT IS THE MAN 4 TH IN LINE CARRYING? HOW DOES THE CARTOON PICTURE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT? WHAT SYMBOLS ARE USED TO SHOW THE DEATH OF THE STAMP ACT?
    • 20. TOWNSHEND ACTS OF 1767
      • TAX ON GLASS, PAPER, PAINT, LEAD, & TEA; HAD TO BE PAID IN GOLD OR SILVER
    • 21. WRITS OF ASSISTANCE 1760
      • SEARCH WARRANT GIVING BRITISH OFFICERS
      • UNLIMITED SEARCH RIGHTS FOR SMUGGLED
      • GOODS
      BELIEVED THAT THE WRITS OF ASSISTANCE WERE AGAINST THE LAW OF NATURE THE LAW OF NATURE TEACHES, “NO ONE OUGHT TO HARM ANOTHER IN HIS LIFE, LIBERTY, OR POSSESSIONS.” John Locke James Otis Writs were enacted to ENFORCE the Navigation Acts: Laws passed in the 17 th and 18th centuries that required the use of English ships to carry all trade goods. The laws were designed to encourage English shipbuilding and restrict trade competition from England's commercial rivals, especially the Dutch. The acts of the 18th century gradually restricted trade by the American colonies and contributed to growing colonial resentment with the imposition of additional taxes on sugar, tobacco, and molasses.
    • 22. Massacre or Mass Media ?
    • 23. B M
    • 24. B oston M assacre
    • 25. B ig M ac
    • 26. THE BOSTON MASSACRE MARCH 5, 1770
      • CAUSE : ARRIVAL OF REDCOATS TO BOSTON; COMPETED FOR
      • COLONIAL JOBS (Redcoats often worked side jobs for less money than
      • the colonists – they didn’t make a lot of money as a soldier)
    • 27.
      • BOSTON MASSACRE CONT …
      • SPARK: GANG OF YOUTHS & DOCKWORKERS THREW SNOWBALLS, STICKS & STONES AT REDCOATS; TAUNTING ONE ANOTHER: “LOBSTERS” & “YANKEES”
      • RESULTS: SOLDIERS FIRED & 5 MEN DIED INCLUDING CRISPUS ATTUCKS (RUNAWAY SLAVE); 1 ST CASUALTY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
    • 28. THE TRIAL
      • ARRESTED FOR MURDER,
      • DEFENDED BY JOHN ADAMS &
      • JOSIAH QUINCY, JR.; 7 ACQUITTED; 2 manslaughter & had right thumbs branded
    • 29. The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Paul Revere, 1770 What Is Wrong With This Picture?
    • 30. The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Paul Revere, 1770 PROPAGANDA The soldiers are all being ordered to fire by their commander. From the testimony at the trial, we know that the firing was not ordered.
    • 31. The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Paul Revere, 1770 The crowd is shown unarmed and defenseless. In fact, the crowd threw snowballs and many carried clubs. What Is Wrong With This Picture?
    • 32. The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Paul Revere, 1770 What Is Wrong With This Picture?
    • 33. THE TEA ACT OF 1773
      • In 1773 the British East India Company had a
      • surplus of tea that they needed to sell or 18
      • million dollars worth of tea would be
      • wasted…gave them a monopoly on the tea
      • industry
      • CHEAPER THAN SMUGGLED TEA EVEN WITH THE TAX
      • COLONIAL SHIPPERS & MERCHANTS ENRAGED BECAUSE THE BRITISH EAST INDIA CO. WOULD SHIP & SELL THE TEA THEMSELVES (cutting out the middle man)
    • 34. PARTY LIKE IT’S 1773! Rally Mohawks Bring Out Your Axes Tell King George We’ll Pay No Taxes
    • 35. BOSTON TEA PARTY
      • TOOLS OF PROTESTS: BOYCOTTS
      • THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, 12/16/1773
      • WHO? SONS OF LIBERTY LED BY SAM ADAMS
      • WHAT OCCURRED? SONS OF LIBERTY, DRESSED AS MOHAWKS, BOARDED BRITISH EAST INDIA CO. SHIPS & THREW 342 CHESTS OF TEA INTO BOSTON HARBOR
    • 36. PARLIAMENT’S RESPONSE: THE INTOLERABLE ACTS
      • CLOSED PORT OF BOSTON UNTIL COLONISTS
      • PAID FOR THE TEA
      • RESTRICTED REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT IN MASSACHUSETTS
      • GEN. THOMAS GAGE APPOINTED GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS
      • BRITISH COMMANDERS COULD HOUSE TROOPS WHEREVER NECESSARY
      • BRITISH OFFICIALS STOOD TRIAL IN BRITAIN RATHER THAN THE COLONIES
      AKA: The COERCIVE ACTS
    • 37. THE FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS, 1774
      • WHO? DELEGATES FROM EVERY COLONY BUT GEORGIA
      • WHY? PLAN RESPONSE TO INTOLERABLE ACTS
      • WHERE? PHILADELPHIA
      • GOALS:
      • BAN BRITISH GOODS
      • BEGIN TRAINING SOLDIERS
    • 38.  
    • 39. BETWEEN WAR & PEACE COMMITTEE OF SAFETY ; POWER TO CALL OUT MILITIA IN MASSACHUSETTS GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH! Speech delivered to the HOUSE OF BURGESSES THE COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH NEIGHBORING COLONIAL LEADERS –colonies were able to unify and help one another (I.e., colonies sent supplies to Boston when harbor was closed) John Hancock Patrick Henry
    • 40. THE REVOLUTION BEGINS …
      • SAMUEL ADAMS ORGANIZED SPY
      • NETWORK TO WATCH BRITISH ACTIVITIES
      • GENERAL GAGE LEARNED FROM HIS
      • SPIES THAT MINUTEMEN WERE STORING
      • GUNS IN CONCORD, MA.
      • HIS ORDERS: DESTROY THE SUPPLIES & ARREST HANCOCK AND ADAMS
    • 41. THE MIDNIGHT RIDE
      • PAUL REVERE
      • WILLIAM DAWES &
      • DR. SAMUEL PRESCOTT
      • “ THE REDCOATS ARE COMING!” – SENT TO SPREAD THE NEWS OF BRITISH TROOP MOVEMENTS TO MINUTEMEN, HANCOCK, ADAMS, etc…
      • RESULTS: REVERE WAS CAPTURED; LET GO WITHOUT HIS HORSE
    • 42. LEXINGTON & CONCORD 04/19/1775
      • LEXINGTON: BRITISH ORDERED MINUTEMEN TO LAY DOWN THEIR ARMS
      • RESULTS: WITHIN MINUTES, 8 COLONISTS DEAD; THE BRITISH MARCHED TO CONCORD & DESTROYED THE SUPPLIES
      • 4,000 MINUTEMEN LINED THE ROAD FROM LEXINGTON TO CONCORD
      • RESULTS : BRITISH RETREATED TO BOSTON
      • “ SHOT HEARD ROUND THE WORLD”
    • 43.  
    • 44.
      • THE CONTINENTAL ARMY
      • IS FORMED
    • 45. FORT TICONDEROGA MAY 10, 1775
      • WHO? GREEN MOUNTAIN BOYS (VT) LED BY BENEDICT ARNOLD & ETHAN ALLEN
      • WHAT? SEIZED BRITISH FORT & ARTILLERY
      • WHERE? ON LAKE CHAMPLAIN
                                   
    • 46. SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS, MAY 10, 1775
      • WHO? JOHN ADAMS, SAM ADAMS, JOHN HANCOCK, BEN FRANKLIN, GEORGE WASHINGTON, PATRICK HENRY, ETC.
      • WHERE? PHILADELPHIA
      • agreed to form a Continental Army and Washington was selected as its commanding general.
      • ratified the Declaration of Independence.
      • formed our first national system of government which was called the Articles of Confederation . The Articles would be supreme law of the U.S. throughout the Revolutionary War.
    • 47. THE BATTLE OF BUNKER (BREED’S) HILL, JUNE, 1775
    • 48.
      • WHAT HAPPENED: PATRIOTS MOVED TO OCCUPY THE PENINSULA NEAR BOSTON; TURNED INTO AN ARMED CAMP
      • COL. WILLIAM PRESCOTT’S ORDERS: “DON’T FIRE TILL YOU SEE THE WHITES OF THEIR EYES!”
      • BRITISH GENERAL WILLIAM HOWE:
      • BRITISH GENERAL; WITH 2200 MEN FORMED ASSAULT LINES; RETOOK BREEDS HILL & BUNKER HILL AFTER 2 ND ATTEMPT (PATRIOTS HAD RUN OUT OF GUN POWDER)
      • WINNER: THE BRITISH
      BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL
    • 49.
      • LAST CHANCE FOR PEACE
    • 50.
      • OLIVE BRANCH PETITION
      • JULY 1775
      • CONGRESS SENT LETTER TO LONDON
      • BEGGING KING GEORGE III TO STOP
      • WAR; HE REFUSED
      • RESULT: WASHINGTON MOVED HIS ARMY
      • TO DORCHESTER HEIGHTS & BOMBARDED
      • BOSTON IN JANUARY 1776; BRITISH FLED!
    • 51.
      • PUSH FOR INDEPENDENCE
    • 52. Common Sense Thomas Paine, 1776 JANUARY 1776; POPULAR 46 PAGE PAMPHLET CALLING FOR INDEPENDENCE!
    • 53.
      • THE VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS
      • BY RICHARD HENRY LEE
      • COLONIES SHOULD BECOME INDEPENDENT
      • STATES, FORM FOREIGN ALLIANCES, JOIN
      • TOGETHER IN A CONFEDERATION
      • THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
      • JULY 4, 1776
      • JEFFERSON’S BEST-KNOWN PASSAGE: “ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL”
      • WHO WERE “THE PEOPLE?” FREE WHITE MEN
      • CUT FROM THE FINAL DOCUMENT: PASSAGE CONDEMNING THE SLAVE TRADE

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