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Just Right-Govt 1
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Just Right-Govt 1

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source:iCivics.org

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Just Right-Govt 1 Just Right-Govt 1 Presentation Transcript

  • WantedA Just Right Government
  • 1. WantedA government that: CLOSE THE GAPS much say states power rights
  • 2. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed (given/gift) by their Creator with certain unalienable (absolute-cannot be taken away) rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.    
  • 3. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…    
  • 3. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…    
  • 3. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…    
  • 3. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government…    
  • 4. The First Attempt: These Articles Ain t Workin! CLOSE THE GAPS:central representatives1777 Presidentgovernment (x 2) Articlesindependent one
  • RECTANGLE ON LEFT:A confederation is a group ofindividuals united together fora purpose.
  • Hey This is Great! ,What did people like about the Articles of Confederation?
  • Hey This is Great! ,•  States get to keep their power and independence
  • Hey This is Great! ,•  States get to keep their power and independence•  No government telling the states what to do
  • Hey This is Great! ,•  States get to keep their power and independence.•  No government telling the states what to do.•  Congress had the power to create a military to protect all the states.
  • But Wait…What was wrong with theArticles of Confederation?
  • But Wait…•  Congress had no way to enforce its laws.
  • But Wait…•  Congress had no way to enforce its laws.•  That meant states could ignore laws.
  • But Wait…•  Congress had no way to enforce its laws.•  That meant states could ignore laws.•  Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military.
  • But Wait…•  Congress had no way to enforce its laws.•  That meant states could ignore laws.•  Congress did not have the power to collect taxes to pay for the military.•  The Articles could only be changed if all states agreed.
  • Mini Quiz #1 The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?
  • Mini Quiz #1 The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?1. The Articles made a President in charge of the country.
  • Mini Quiz #1 The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?1.  The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)2.  States would still be independent under the Articles.
  • Mini Quiz #1 The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?1.  The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)2.  States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)3.  The Articles were easy to change.
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?1.  The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)2.  States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)3.  The Articles were easy to change. (F)4.  The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress.
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?1.  The Articles made a President in charge of the country. (F)2.  States would still be independent under the Articles. (T)3.  The Articles were easy to change. (F)4.  The more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress. (F)
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?5. Congress did not have the power to collect taxes.
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?5.  Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)6.  Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow.
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?5.  Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)6.  Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F)7.  The Articles of Confederation created the first American government.
  • Mini Quiz #1The Articles of ConfederationTrue or False?5.  Congress did not have the power to collect taxes. (T)6.  Congress could pass laws that the states had to follow. (F)7.  The Articles of Confederation created the first American government. (T)
  • Thisgovernment is too small !
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were _________ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.    
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the _____________ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.    
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ______________. For example, states made their citizens pay __________ on goods that came from other ____________.    
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay ______ on goods that came from other __________.    
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __________.    
  • 6. Trouble in Paradise Without a strong central government, there were ___conflicts__ between the ____states____ that the powerless Congress could not ____control____. For example, states made their citizens pay _taxes_ on goods that came from other __states__.    
  • 7.•  States had different needs.  
  • 7.•  States had different needs. –  For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.
  • 7.•  States had different needs. –  For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.•  States had different sizes.
  • 7.•  States had different needs. –  For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.•  States had different sizes. –  Some states had many people and some states had few.
  • 7.•  States had different needs. –  For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.•  States had different sizes. –  Some states had many people and some states had few.•  People had different opinions.
  • 7.•  States had different needs. –  For example, some states depended on fishing, while others mostly grew crops.•  States had different sizes. –  Some states had many people and some states had few.•  People had different opinions. –  Some people feared a central government while others thought a central government was necessary.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1. Everybody thought the central government should have more power.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1.  Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)2.  Some people were afraid states might lose their independence.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1.  Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)2.  Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)3.  Different states had different needs for government to meet.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1.  Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)2.  Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)3.  Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)4.  The states all got along with each other.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1.  Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)2.  Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)3.  Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)4.  The states all got along with each other. (F)5.  The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states.
  • Mini Quiz #2 Problems Among StatesTrue or false?1.  Everybody thought the central government should have more power. (F)2.  Some people were afraid states might lose their independence. (T)3.  Different states had different needs for government to meet. (T)4.  The states all got along with each other. (F)5.  The government created by the Articles of Confederation had everything under control between the states. (F)
  • 8. Articles ofConfederation New Idea Legislative branch only
  • 8. Articles ofConfederation New Idea Government had __three___branch Legislative branch only es • Legislative • Executive • Judicial
  • VA v. NJ Populations in 1787 ~ 747,000 ~ 184,000 STOP!How many votes should each state get in the legislature?
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  _____”chambers”  
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  __2___”chambers”  
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  __2___”chambers”  •  Number  of  votes  a  state  gets  depends  on  the   size  of  the  state’s  ______________________  
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  __2___”chambers”  •  Number  of  votes  a  state  gets  depends  on  the   size  of  the  state’s  _____popula)on_______  
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  __2___”chambers”  •  Number  of  votes  a  state  gets  depends  on  the   size  of  the  state’s  _____popula)on_______  •  _______________states  would  have  more   power  
  • The Virginia Plan•  Legisla)ve  branch  has  __2___”chambers”  •  Number  of  votes  a  state  gets  depends  on  the   size  of  the  state’s  _____popula)on_______  •  __Larger___states  would  have  more  power  •  PROPORTIONAL  REPRESENTATION  
  • The New Jersey Plan•  Legisla)ve  Branch  has  ____  “chamber”  
  • The New Jersey Plan•  Legisla)ve  Branch  has  _1__  “chamber”  •  Each  state  gets  _______  vote    
  • The New Jersey Plan•  Legisla)ve  Branch  has  _1__  “chamber”  •  Each  state  gets  __1___  vote    
  • The New Jersey Plan•  Legisla)ve  Branch  has  _1__  “chamber”  •  Each  state  gets  __1___  vote    •  ______________states  would  have  more   power  
  • The New Jersey Plan•  Legisla)ve  Branch  has  _1__  “chamber”  •  Each  state  gets  __1___  vote    •  __Smaller___states  would  have  more  power  •  EQUAL  REPRESENTATION  
  • Bottom of page•  People  were  afraid  some  states  would  have   more  than  their  fair  share  of  _____________  
  • Bottom of page•  People  were  afraid  some  states   would  have  more  than  their  fair   share  of  _power__!  
  • Poll: What do you think?      Is it more fair for every state to have the same amount of power or for states with more people to have more power?q All states should have the same powerq Larger states should have more power Why?
  • Ta-Da! Presenting… The Constitution! Finally!
  • PreambleWe the People of the United States, inOrder to form a more perfect Union,establish Justice, insure domesticTranquility, provide for the commondefence, promote the general Welfare,and secure the Blessings of Liberty toourselves and our Posterity, do ordainand establish this Constitution for theUnited States of America.
  • 10. PreambleCLOSE THE GAPS Peaceful   Union   Reasons   Freedom   States   protect  
  • 11. ArticleCreates a Legislative Branch that makesLaws
  • 11. ArticleGives law-making power to ___Congress___ that has _2_chambers: CONGRESS House of Representatives
  • 11. Article Gives law-making power to ___Congress___ that has _2_ chambers: CONGRESS House of Representatives- Senate-the more people a state has the Each state gets 2 more representatives it gets representatives (2 votes)
  • 11. ArticleGives CONGRESS a list of specific powers.Any powers not listed, states get to keep.
  • 11. ArticleCreates an Executive Branch to carry out the Laws The Legislative Branch Makes Laws House of Senate Representatives
  • 11. ArticleCreates an Executive Branch to carry out the Laws A President will The Legislative Branch Makes Laws be the head of House of Senate the Executive Representatives Branch
  • 11. Article Creates a Judicial Branch to Interpret the Laws The Supreme Court will be the highest The Legislative Branch Makes Laws court in the country. The Executive Laws Carries Out Branch House of The President Senate Representatives
  • The Executive Branch Carries Out Laws The President THE BRANCHES The Legislative Branch Makes Laws The Judicial Branch Interprets Laws House of SenateRepresentatives The Supreme Court
  • Mini Quiz #3 The Three BranchesChoose the correct words:1. Congress can make/carry out laws but cannot make/carry out laws.
  • Mini Quiz #3 The Three BranchesChoose the correct words:1.  Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.2.  The President can make/carry out laws but cannot make/carry out laws.
  • Mini Quiz #3 The Three BranchesChoose the correct words:1.  Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.2.  The President can carry out laws but cannot make laws.3.  The courts cannot make/carry out or make/carry out laws, but they can interpret what laws mean.
  • Mini Quiz #3 The Three BranchesChoose the correct words:1.  Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.2.  The President can carry out laws but cannot make laws.3.  The courts cannot make or carry out laws, but they can interpret what laws mean.
  • Article
  • Article      Did the Articles of Confederation require states to treat other states citizens the same as their own citizens? qYES qNO
  • 12. Article      Did the Articles of Confederation require states to treat other states citizens the same as their own citizens? NO Close the Gaps Same citizens
  • Article
  • Article      How could the Articles of Confederation be changed? q Majority vote q Unanimous vote
  • Article      How could the Articles of Confederation be changed? Unanimous vote! Close the Gaps States Changed Congress
  • Article
  • Article      Did the Articles of Confederation require states to follow the laws Congress passed? qYES qNO
  • Article      Did the Articles of Confederation require states to follow the laws Congress passed? NO Close the Gaps Congress States superior
  • Article
  • ArticleThe Articles of Confederation had to beapproved by all states involved! (How many was that?)
  • ArticleThe Articles of Confederation had to beapproved by all states involved! 13 Close the Gaps Vote 9 13
  • 13. The Amendments (That means stuff they added later.) Did they No, silly! They add spots? added rights!
  • 13. The Amendments (That means stuff they added later.) Close the Gaps Bill of Rights Did they No, silly! They add spots? Rights added rights!
  • The Amendments•  Freedom of speech
  • The Amendments•  Freedom of speech•  No cruel and unusual punishment
  • The Amendments•  Freedom of speech•  No cruel and unusual punishment•  Abolish slavery
  • The Amendments•  Freedom of speech•  No cruel and unusual punishment•  Abolish slavery•  Right to vote at age 18
  • The Amendments•  Freedom of speech•  No cruel and unusual punishment•  Abolish slavery•  Right to vote at age 18•  …And many others!
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…1.  Laws are made by the _____ branch. A B executive legislative
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…1.  Laws are made by the _____ branch. A B executive legislative
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…2. States must treat people from other states _______. A B the same differently
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…2. States must treat people from other states _______. A B the same differently
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws. A B superior inferior
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws. A B superior inferior
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…4. Congress has _______. A B one chamber two chambers
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…4. Congress has _______. A B one chamber two chambers
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in the _______. A B House of Senate Representatives
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in the _______. A B House of Senate Representatives
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…6. In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives each state gets is based on its _______. A B Population Taxes
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…6. In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives each state gets is based on its _______. A B Population Taxes
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…7. The President is the head of the ____ branch. A B Legislative Executive
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…7. The President is the head of the ____ branch. A B Legislative Executive
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…8. The executive branch ______ laws. A B Carries out Interprets
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…8. The executive branch ______ laws. A B Carries out Interprets
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish ______. A B Justice Anarchy
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish ______. A B Justice Anarchy
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…10. The articles of the Constitution don t say anything about _____. A B Rights Laws
  • Last Mini Quiz!Under the Constitution…10. The articles of the Constitution don t say anything about _____. A B Rights Laws
  • The End! Huzzah!