French And Indian War

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French And Indian War

  1. 3. The French and Indian War 1754-1763 9 Years of War Part of the Seven Years War in Europe
  2. 4. The War at a Glance… The British and French vie for Power over the Ohio River Valley (present day Pennsylvania) Alliances with Native American Tribes tip the scales initially in favor of the French… Why did most Native Tribes ally with the French? (hint…think interaction) AKA The War of Conquest
  3. 5. <ul><li>REASONS FOR FRENCH EXPLORATION </li></ul><ul><li>OF NORTH AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>LASALLE & CHAMPLAIN’S EXPLORATION LED TO FUR TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH SAW NORTH AMERICA AS OPPORTUNITY FOR TRADE NOT COLONIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>CAME THROUGH ST. LAWRENCE RIVER, THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES, OHIO RIVER VALLEY, & THE MISSISSIPPI TOWARDS PRESENT DAY LOUISIANA </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>FRENCH TREATMENT OF </li></ul><ul><li>NATIVE AMERICANS </li></ul><ul><li>BROTHERLY, ACCEPTING </li></ul><ul><li>DID NOT THREATEN NATIVE AMERICANS BECAUSE FOCUSED ON TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>BARTERED WITH NATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>NATIVE AMERICANS TRADED FOR EUROPEAN GOODS INCLUDING WEAPONS </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>BRITISH TREATMENT OF </li></ul><ul><li>NATIVE AMERICANS </li></ul><ul><li>BRITISH VIEWED NATIVES AS “SAVAGES” </li></ul><ul><li>TOOK NATIVE LANDS FOR FARMING </li></ul><ul><li>COLONISTS FEARED NATIVE AMERICANS </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>The Drums of War… </li></ul><ul><li>GOV. DINWIDDIE (VA) SENDS GEORGE WASHINGTON (22) TO FORT DUQUESNE (PITTSBURGH) TO REMOVE FRENCH FROM OHIO RIVER VALLEY </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH ATTACK GW’S CAMP AT FORT NECESSITY – GW SURRENDERS </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Colonial Response </li></ul><ul><li>ALBANY PLAN OF UNION – 1 ST ATTEMPT OF AMERICANS TO FORM A CENTRALIZED UNION (REJECTED) </li></ul><ul><li>FORCED TO ENLIST </li></ul><ul><li>MANDATORY QUARTERING OF BRITISH TROOPS </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>RIVALRY </li></ul><ul><li>BRITAIN & FRANCE COMPETE FOR WORLD POWER (PART OF THE SEVEN YEARS WAR IN EUROPE) </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH FORTS IN OHIO VALLEY STOP COLONISTS MOVING WESTWARD </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>FRENCH ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>ALLIANCE WITH THE NATIVE AMERICANS (HURON, ALGONQUIN) & SPAIN </li></ul><ul><li>FRANCE CONTROLLED THE MISSISSIPPI </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>BRITISH ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER POPULATION (10 TO 1) </li></ul><ul><li>COLONISTS - BRITISH SUBJECTS & THUS ALLIES </li></ul><ul><li>LESS AREA TO PROTECT </li></ul><ul><li>LOCATED ON ATLANTIC COAST </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER MOTIVATION </li></ul><ul><li>PRIME MINISTER PITT’S FINANCE OF WAR </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>TURNING POINTS </li></ul><ul><li>1757 – NEW BRITISH PRIME MINISTER, WILLIAM PITT, BORROWS $ TO FINANCE WAR </li></ul><ul><li>PITT INCREASES SUPPLY OF BRITISH TROOPS </li></ul><ul><li>THE IROQUOIS ALLY WITH THE BRITISH </li></ul><ul><li>1759- BATTLE AT QUEBEC (BRIT. VICTORY) GEN.WOLFE (B) VS. MONTCALM (F) – BOTH FATALLY WOUNDED </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>TREATY OF PARIS 1763 </li></ul><ul><li>WINNER = GREAT BRITAIN </li></ul><ul><li>FRENCH CEDE ALL LANDS IN NORTH AMERICA EAST OF MISSISSIPPI TO BRITAIN </li></ul><ul><li>SPAIN GIVES UP FLORIDA TO THE BRITISH </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>EFFECTS OF THE WAR </li></ul><ul><li>COLONISTS BEGIN TO SETTLE INDIAN LANDS WEST OF APPALACHIAN MTS </li></ul><ul><li>PONTIAC’S REBELLION </li></ul><ul><li>COLONISTS LEARN GUERILLA TACTICS (HIT & RUN) </li></ul><ul><li>COLONIES ARE TAXED TO PAY THE WAR DEBT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REVOLUTION IS BREWING!!!! </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. “ Could it not be contrived to send the Small Pox among those disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them.” -Letter from General Jeffrey Amherst . (1863)

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