Transcript of "First English Settlements Roanoke Jamestown Plymouth Packet"
Table of Contents:
*p.2 Map Points & Roanoke ESPG Chart
*p. 3-5 Jamestown Chart
p. 6 Comic Strip: Did Powhatan try to kill Smith?
*p. 7 Plymouth ESPG Chart & Homework Assignment (Chart)
p. 8 Comic Strip: How was life like in the New England?
* - Study for Test
Review notes & text for 10 minutes.
My Personal Study Plan (please check all that apply):
____I will review my notes by reading them over for a minimum of 10 minutes DAILY.
____I will ask clarifying questions during class.
____I will highlight people, places, events, and key terms.
____I will read the text – Ch 3 -14 p. 21-58.
____I will make note-cards.
____I will INTERACT with the material by using the prompts on the YELLOW handout in NB.
____I will stay in during recess for a study review session.
____I will ask my family to quiz me. ________________________Parent signature
____I will discuss what I am learning with my family.
____I will research additional information about this topic online. Websites I
____I am reading an historical fiction/nonfiction book about this topic.
____I will participate in a study group with my peers.
Directions: Read & answer the following questions succinctly.
ROANOKE p. 30
1. Describe how the English interacted with the Native Americans.
2. Why was John White, governor of Roanoke, delayed in returning to Roanoke?
JAMESTOWN p. 31
3. What was Fort James? Draw the fort walls.
4. How did Powhatan (Pow UH tan) and his people help the Jamestown settlers?
ROANOKE “THE LOST COLONY”, 1585 & 1587
ECONOMY • mercantilism: an economic system where a nation would increase its
wealth by selling more products to foreign nations/peoples than it
bought from them
• GOAL for settlement: trade, land, raw materials
SOCIETY • 90 men, 17 women, 9 children = _________total
• GOAL: spread the Protestant faith
• INTERACTION WITH NATIVE AMERICANS: at 1st Natives
provided the colonists with food; however, the English turned violent
and the relationship soured
• Virginia Dare: 1st English child born in America; her grandfather was
POLITICAL • Sir Walter Raleigh received a land grant (gift) from Queen Elizabeth I
• Named the land, VIRGINIA, after the “virgin queen”
• John White was the governor
GEOGRAPH • present day NC (near OUTER BANKS)
RESULTS John White returned to England on re-supply mission but England and
Spain go to war which delays his return. When he returns in 1590
EVERYONE IS MISSING. Only clue: “CROATOAN” carved on gatepost &
“CROA” carved on tree and ROANOKE remains a mystery.
TOPIC MAIN IDEA INTERACTIVE RESPONSE
1. Reasons In the late 1500s, England lacked jobs and
for leaving land. Therefore, many people from
homeland England saw the opportunity for a better
life in America.
2. Starting In 1606, a group of London businessmen,
Jamestown called the Virginia Company, got permission
from the king to start a colony, in what
would eventually become Jamestown,
3. Arrival in In 1607, the English arrived (104 men and
Virginia boys) and named a settlement after their
king, James I. Many of the settlers hoped
to get rich by finding gold, silver, trade, NW
passage to Asia & to spread Christianity.
4. The From the beginning, the relations between
Colonists and the English settlers and the local Native
Native American tribe (the Powhatan) were very
Americans uneasy. The Native Americans traded with
Interact the English, supplied food, taught them the
ways of the forest, how to clear the land,
into’d new crops (yams, corn), yet, the
English would also take from the Natives by
5. The First The first months were difficult, as the
Months colonists built their site too close to the
water, which led to problems including
marshy soil, poor drinking water, and
exposure to disease-infected mosquitoes.
6. A leader John Smith’s strict style of leadership, “he
saves the that will not work shall not eat”, was
colony needed at this time, and helped contribute
to the colony’s growth.
7. John When John Smith was captured (myth) by
Smith and the Powhatan, his accounts reveal that he
Pocahontas was saved (myth) by the Chief’s daughter,
8. A Deadly When John Smith returned to the colony in
Time early 1608, he found that they had suffered
many setbacks, including the deaths of
9. Trouble In time, more ships arrived, bringing more
Ahead colonists, and the colony grew in size. An
injury from gun powder explosion forced
John smith to return to England.
10. The The winter of 1609-1610 was known as the
Starving “Starving Time”, in which many colonists
Time died due to resistance and a hoarding of
resources by the Powhatan in response to
cruel treatment from the English. English
ate cats, dogs, rats, corpses, snakes)
11. A New The 1610 arrival of Lord De la Warr brought
Beginning much needed resources and manpower to
the struggling colony.
12. Brown The planter John Rolfe helped develop a
Gold desirable tobacco crop in Jamestown, which
would become the colony’s main cash crop.
However, tobacco depletes the soil and the
settlers starting planting in Native American
13. John After being kidnapped by the English,
Rolfe and Pocahontas lived with the Jamestown
Pocahontas settlers for a time, eventually marrying the
tobacco planter John Rolfe.
14. The The marriage brought brief peace between
Peace of the Powhatan and the English. Soon,
Pocahontas Pocahontas was brought back to England,
where she became very well-known
15. Massacre In 1622, Powhatan’s brother took over the
tribe, and led a surprise attack against the
English, killing 350.
16. The As a result of the massacre, the English
Native armed themselves and began regular
Americans attacks on the Native Americans.
17. Slavery Dutch sell tobacco planters 20 African
Arrives in slaves. Initially, slave owners treated the
Jamestown, Africans like indentured servants. Some
1619 were freed or bought their freedom.
18. Slavery After 1660, two major factors promote the
Grows expansion of slavery. First, slavery
becomes a legalized institution in Virginia.
Secondly, prices drop for slaves as the slave
19. Owning Slave owners often treated their slaves
Slaves inhumanely. For example, slaves loved in
cramped cabins and were controlled by fear
and punishment. For example, runaway
slaves could be killed instantly.
20. As plantations owners gained more wealth,
Plantations they gained more power and were able to
and the buy out small farms. Plantations were both
Tobacco farms and villages, growing or making
Trade everything that was needed, like bricks.
Tobacco was traded for goods from
21. House of Initially, this first elected legislature in the
Burgesses, English colonies met once annually. One of
1619 the first things they did was to give all
colonists the Rights of Englishmen (right to
trial by jury).
22. End of After the Virginia Company went bankrupt
the Virginia (possibly from overproduction of tobacco),
Company King James I revoked the charter and
appointed a royal governor.
23. Voting After 1620s, the Virginia Colony stretched
Rights beyond the James River. Only white
landowners could vote (gentry, large
landowners, and small farmers).
Consequently, the house of burgesses often
protected the rights of the gentry.
24. Political Many political efforts focused on helping
Troubles the gentry which led to an economic
downturn after 1660s. Subsequently, after
Governor William Berkeley declared western
land off limits to colonial settlement to keep
the peace with the Native Americans,
indentured servants and poor farmers
ignored the governor’s orders. Fights broke
out amongst the Natives and settlers.
25. Bacon’s Nathaniel Bacon, a burgess and plantation
Rebellion owner, raised an army to attack Native
Americans, killing hundreds. He and his
men burned Jamestown but he died
suddenly ending the rebellion.
Consequently, Berkeley lost his job as
Directions: Read the comic strip on p. 6 and respond to the following, Was John Smith a bully?
Explain. Support your response with evidence.
66 day PLYMOUTH, 1620
• Funded by the Virginia Company of Plymouth (investors)
ECONOMY • GOAL: raw materials- fur trade and lumber
• 101-102 men, women & children
SOCIETY • ½ PILGRIMS (Separatists)
GOAL: GAIN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM & Flee Religious Persecution
• others were “STRANGERS”
• ½ died during 1ST winter from exposure, disease
• INTERACTION WITH NATIVE AMERICANS:
SAMOSET, a PEMAQUID who spoke English, “Hello Englishmen!”.
introduced the colonists to SQUANTO
SQUANTO, “Pilgrim’s Pilot”: the Last PATUXET (had been captured,
brought to England, returned by John Smith, captured and sold by
Spanish, and returned a few months before Pilgrims arrived, helped
Pilgrims plant/fertilize CORN, BEANS, PUMPKINS, & FISH; never left
them till he died
MASSASOIT, leader of the Wampanoag; Peace Treaty with Pilgrims
• Housing: clapboard, dirt, clay or boarded floors, thatch roof (straw)
then clapboard (to lessen fire), hearth, few windows
• 1st Thanksgiving was actually a harvest celebration where the Native
Americans brought most of the food – seafood, deer, corn
• “Starving Time” 1621-22 – 5 kernels a day
• MAYFLOWER COMPACT: self government by majority rule
POLITICAL “JUST & EQUAL LAWS FOR THE GOOD OF THE COLONY”
• Only treaty ever kept with the Native Americans in history of American
GEOGRAPHY • Present day Massachusetts
DIRECTIONS: Read the comic strip on p. 8 & the Jamestown and Plymouth
charts. Use these resources to fill in the Venn diagram below.