First English Settlements Roanoke Jamestown Plymouth Packet

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  • This looks like a really good packet full of relevant information and fun activities to get the students excited about history. I would love to have some of the instructions for these activities so aspiring teachers like me can use this in my own teaching! Thanks!
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  • 1. 1 Name:______________________________________Period:_____Date: ___________ Table of Contents: *p.2 Map Points & Roanoke ESPG Chart *p. 3-5 Jamestown Chart p. 6 Comic Strip: Did Powhatan try to kill Smith? *p. 7 Plymouth ESPG Chart & Homework Assignment (Chart) p. 8 Comic Strip: How was life like in the New England? * - Study for Test Daily Homework: Review notes & text for 10 minutes. My Personal Study Plan (please check all that apply): ____I will review my notes by reading them over for a minimum of 10 minutes DAILY. ____I will ask clarifying questions during class. ____I will highlight people, places, events, and key terms. ____I will read the text – Ch 3 -14 p. 21-58. ____I will make note-cards. ____I will INTERACT with the material by using the prompts on the YELLOW handout in NB. ____I will stay in during recess for a study review session. ____I will ask my family to quiz me. ________________________Parent signature ____I will discuss what I am learning with my family. _________________________Parent signature. ____I will research additional information about this topic online. Websites I visited:______________________________________________________________ ____I am reading an historical fiction/nonfiction book about this topic. ____________________________Book Title. ____I will participate in a study group with my peers. ____Other:_______________________________________________________ 1
  • 2. 2 Directions: Read & answer the following questions succinctly. ROANOKE p. 30 1. Describe how the English interacted with the Native Americans. 2. Why was John White, governor of Roanoke, delayed in returning to Roanoke? JAMESTOWN p. 31 3. What was Fort James? Draw the fort walls. 4. How did Powhatan (Pow UH tan) and his people help the Jamestown settlers? ROANOKE “THE LOST COLONY”, 1585 & 1587 ECONOMY • mercantilism: an economic system where a nation would increase its wealth by selling more products to foreign nations/peoples than it bought from them • GOAL for settlement: trade, land, raw materials SOCIETY • 90 men, 17 women, 9 children = _________total • GOAL: spread the Protestant faith • INTERACTION WITH NATIVE AMERICANS: at 1st Natives provided the colonists with food; however, the English turned violent and the relationship soured • Virginia Dare: 1st English child born in America; her grandfather was John White POLITICAL • Sir Walter Raleigh received a land grant (gift) from Queen Elizabeth I • Named the land, VIRGINIA, after the “virgin queen” • John White was the governor GEOGRAPH • present day NC (near OUTER BANKS) Y RESULTS John White returned to England on re-supply mission but England and Spain go to war which delays his return. When he returns in 1590 EVERYONE IS MISSING. Only clue: “CROATOAN” carved on gatepost & “CROA” carved on tree and ROANOKE remains a mystery. 2
  • 3. 3 TOPIC MAIN IDEA INTERACTIVE RESPONSE 1. Reasons In the late 1500s, England lacked jobs and for leaving land. Therefore, many people from homeland England saw the opportunity for a better life in America. 2. Starting In 1606, a group of London businessmen, Jamestown called the Virginia Company, got permission from the king to start a colony, in what would eventually become Jamestown, Virginia. 3. Arrival in In 1607, the English arrived (104 men and Virginia boys) and named a settlement after their king, James I. Many of the settlers hoped to get rich by finding gold, silver, trade, NW passage to Asia & to spread Christianity. 4. The From the beginning, the relations between Colonists and the English settlers and the local Native Native American tribe (the Powhatan) were very Americans uneasy. The Native Americans traded with Interact the English, supplied food, taught them the ways of the forest, how to clear the land, into’d new crops (yams, corn), yet, the English would also take from the Natives by force violently. 5. The First The first months were difficult, as the Months colonists built their site too close to the water, which led to problems including marshy soil, poor drinking water, and exposure to disease-infected mosquitoes. 6. A leader John Smith’s strict style of leadership, “he saves the that will not work shall not eat”, was colony needed at this time, and helped contribute to the colony’s growth. 7. John When John Smith was captured (myth) by Smith and the Powhatan, his accounts reveal that he Pocahontas was saved (myth) by the Chief’s daughter, Pocahontas. 8. A Deadly When John Smith returned to the colony in Time early 1608, he found that they had suffered many setbacks, including the deaths of many colonists. 9. Trouble In time, more ships arrived, bringing more Ahead colonists, and the colony grew in size. An injury from gun powder explosion forced John smith to return to England. 3
  • 4. 4 10. The The winter of 1609-1610 was known as the Starving “Starving Time”, in which many colonists Time died due to resistance and a hoarding of resources by the Powhatan in response to cruel treatment from the English. English ate cats, dogs, rats, corpses, snakes) 11. A New The 1610 arrival of Lord De la Warr brought Beginning much needed resources and manpower to the struggling colony. 12. Brown The planter John Rolfe helped develop a Gold desirable tobacco crop in Jamestown, which would become the colony’s main cash crop. However, tobacco depletes the soil and the settlers starting planting in Native American lands. 13. John After being kidnapped by the English, Rolfe and Pocahontas lived with the Jamestown Pocahontas settlers for a time, eventually marrying the tobacco planter John Rolfe. 14. The The marriage brought brief peace between Peace of the Powhatan and the English. Soon, Pocahontas Pocahontas was brought back to England, where she became very well-known 15. Massacre In 1622, Powhatan’s brother took over the tribe, and led a surprise attack against the English, killing 350. 16. The As a result of the massacre, the English Native armed themselves and began regular Americans attacks on the Native Americans. are defeated 17. Slavery Dutch sell tobacco planters 20 African Arrives in slaves. Initially, slave owners treated the Jamestown, Africans like indentured servants. Some 1619 were freed or bought their freedom. 18. Slavery After 1660, two major factors promote the Grows expansion of slavery. First, slavery becomes a legalized institution in Virginia. Secondly, prices drop for slaves as the slave trade expands. 19. Owning Slave owners often treated their slaves Slaves inhumanely. For example, slaves loved in cramped cabins and were controlled by fear and punishment. For example, runaway slaves could be killed instantly. 4
  • 5. 5 20. As plantations owners gained more wealth, Plantations they gained more power and were able to and the buy out small farms. Plantations were both Tobacco farms and villages, growing or making Trade everything that was needed, like bricks. Tobacco was traded for goods from England. 21. House of Initially, this first elected legislature in the Burgesses, English colonies met once annually. One of 1619 the first things they did was to give all colonists the Rights of Englishmen (right to trial by jury). 22. End of After the Virginia Company went bankrupt the Virginia (possibly from overproduction of tobacco), Company King James I revoked the charter and appointed a royal governor. 23. Voting After 1620s, the Virginia Colony stretched Rights beyond the James River. Only white landowners could vote (gentry, large landowners, and small farmers). Consequently, the house of burgesses often protected the rights of the gentry. 24. Political Many political efforts focused on helping Troubles the gentry which led to an economic downturn after 1660s. Subsequently, after Governor William Berkeley declared western land off limits to colonial settlement to keep the peace with the Native Americans, indentured servants and poor farmers ignored the governor’s orders. Fights broke out amongst the Natives and settlers. 25. Bacon’s Nathaniel Bacon, a burgess and plantation Rebellion owner, raised an army to attack Native Americans, killing hundreds. He and his men burned Jamestown but he died suddenly ending the rebellion. Consequently, Berkeley lost his job as governor. Directions: Read the comic strip on p. 6 and respond to the following, Was John Smith a bully? Explain. Support your response with evidence. 5
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  • 7. 7 66 day PLYMOUTH, 1620 voyage • Funded by the Virginia Company of Plymouth (investors) ECONOMY • GOAL: raw materials- fur trade and lumber • 101-102 men, women & children SOCIETY • ½ PILGRIMS (Separatists) GOAL: GAIN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM & Flee Religious Persecution • others were “STRANGERS” • ½ died during 1ST winter from exposure, disease • INTERACTION WITH NATIVE AMERICANS: SAMOSET, a PEMAQUID who spoke English, “Hello Englishmen!”. introduced the colonists to SQUANTO SQUANTO, “Pilgrim’s Pilot”: the Last PATUXET (had been captured, brought to England, returned by John Smith, captured and sold by Spanish, and returned a few months before Pilgrims arrived, helped Pilgrims plant/fertilize CORN, BEANS, PUMPKINS, & FISH; never left them till he died MASSASOIT, leader of the Wampanoag; Peace Treaty with Pilgrims • Housing: clapboard, dirt, clay or boarded floors, thatch roof (straw) then clapboard (to lessen fire), hearth, few windows • 1st Thanksgiving was actually a harvest celebration where the Native Americans brought most of the food – seafood, deer, corn • “Starving Time” 1621-22 – 5 kernels a day • MAYFLOWER COMPACT: self government by majority rule POLITICAL “JUST & EQUAL LAWS FOR THE GOOD OF THE COLONY” • Only treaty ever kept with the Native Americans in history of American GEOGRAPHY • Present day Massachusetts DIRECTIONS: Read the comic strip on p. 8 & the Jamestown and Plymouth charts. Use these resources to fill in the Venn diagram below. 7
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