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chapter walk-through; use the captions, pictures, photos and maps to respond to the prompts

chapter walk-through; use the captions, pictures, photos and maps to respond to the prompts

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Chapter Walk Through Native Americans Document Transcript

  • 1. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds MeetNative Americans Chapter Walk-ThroughThe goal is simple. Use the page numbers provided, preview the questions or prompts andlocate the captions, graphics, maps, photos, pictures, or charts to help you respond tothe questions/prompts. This is a short, fun way to learn interesting stuff! Enjoy your walk! CHAPTER 2 AWAY WITH TIME1. (p. 12) How did early humans make axes? _________________________________________________________________2. What does Homo Sapiens mean? __________________________________________________________________3. Homo Sapiens Sapiens are like ________________________________________.4. What does the Neanderthal skull show? __________________________________________________________________5. When & why were dogs domesticated? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________6. (p. 13) How did mammoths use their tusks? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 3 IN THE BEGINNING1. (p. 15) Describe the earth’s geography during the ice age? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________2. How did humans use the ice age to their advantage? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________3. What did archeologists dig up in Folsom, New Mexico in 1927? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________4. (p. 16) What is an archeologist?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________   1  
  • 2. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet5. What really cool thing did 2 college students find in Washington State in 1996?______________________________________________________________________6. “Kenny” travel from____________________________________________________.7. (p. 18) What ancient animal is still around, even evading (escaping) humans(hunters)? _____________________________________________________________8. What is the llama descended from?_______________________________________9. Camels are originally from_________________and got to the middle-east by crossing the________________________________________________________. CHAPTER 4 HOW THE FIRST AMERICANS BECAME INDIANS1. (p. 19) Who grew tomatoes 1st? ___________________________________________________________________2. According to some historians, what was the population of Native Americans in North and South America before Columbus arrived? ___________________________________________________________________3. (p. 21) What do you think of the contest between the deer and the hunter? ___________________________________________________________________ *Ainu of Japan hunted bears the same way4. What would you do if you were that deer? ___________________________________________________________________5. (p. 22-23) What was the name of the supercontinent?_____________*200 million yrs ago6. Describe what North America looked like 75 million years ago? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________7. Who inhabited North America 75 million years ago?__________________________   2  
  • 3. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet CHAPTER 5 PUT ON YOUR EARMUFFS ARcTIc/Subarctic regions in Alaska, Greenland, & siberia 1. (p. 24-25) What is the best way to get around in soft snow?___________________ 2. What do the Inuit hunt?________________________________________________ 3. Inuits ate __________________ _________________ for vitamins and minerals. “_________________________” means eater of raw flesh. 4. What cool type of house do Inuits live in when they travel in winter? ___________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Why is there a flap on the woman’s deerskin coat? __________________________________________________________________ 6. (p. 28) How did Inuits make snow goggles? ___________________________________________________________________ 7. Describe the subarctic regions where the Inuits live: tundra_____________________________________________________ taiga_______________________________________________________ winter_________________________summer______________________ 8. _________________made the clothing with fur and birdfeathers 9. Inuits mean the ______________________. CH. 6 CLIFF-DWELLERS & OTHERS1. (p. 30) Where did the clay for the Anasazi’s pottery come from? __________________________________________________________________________2. Who are the ancestors of the Pueblo people?_____________________________________3. (p. 31) Why did Anasazi farmers climb to the flat top of Mesa Verde every day? __________________________________________________________________________   3  
  • 4. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet4. (p. 32) In the 1200s the Anasazi experienced a severe draught. During the good years the Anasazi did not practice conservation and cut down trees and overplanted. As a result the people starved and those that survived moved to the Rio Grande. How do WE know about the draught in 1276?_________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________5. The SW was a hard place to grow crops (too hot and too dry). However, the Native Americans depended on farming for survival. How did the Natives deter birds from the planted fields?______________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ CH. 7 THE SHOW-OFFs 1. (p. 33) Native Americans in the NW carved animal and human figures on tall fir poles, called “totem poles.” The poles displayed a family’s power and rank. In Europe, important families also have symbols of power. What is the name for the European picture symbols that families placed on castles and armor? ______________________ 2. (p. 34) Why was English sailor, Captain Cook, horrified in 1778 when he visited the NW? _______________________________________________________________________ 3. Why may some call Captain Hook a hypocrite? _______________________________________________________________________ 4. How did some Natives keep dry in the rainy coastal region of the NW? ______________________________________________________________________ 5. (p. 35) What is the origin of the word potlatch? _____________________________________________________________________   4  
  • 5. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet CH. 9 PLAINS INDIANS ARE NOT PLAIN AT ALL1. (p. 42) List the 3 Plains tribes that states are named after:_ ________________________________________________________________________2. (p. 43) List at least 3 natural elements that Native American used to build housing: ________________________________________________________________________3. Read Coronado’s (he was a Spanish explorer – not a nice guy!) journal entry and highlight at least 8 things Native Americans do with a buffalo after eating the meat: With the shins they build their houses; with the skins they clothe and show themselves; from the skins they make ropes and also obtain wool. With the sinews they make threads, with which they sew their clothes and tents. From the bones they shape awls (small tools for making holes in leather). The dung (animal droppings…think Everybody Poops) they use as firewood, since there is no other fuel in their land. The bladders they use as jugs and drinking containers.4. (p. 44) What are the best Native American Knives made from? ________________________________________________________________________5. Why did the Native Americans trade the white men for their knives? ________________________________________________________________________6. (p. 45) How were the Plains Natives able to sneak up on the buffalo before they had horses? ________________________________________________________________________7. How did Plains Natives record stories?_________________________________________   5  
  • 6. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet CH. 11 INDIANS OF THE EASTERN FORESTS1. (p. 52) What group was the Huron’s enemy?________________________________2. (p. 53) The NE Woodland Natives practiced “slash and burn” farming. Explain the process:______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________3. Who did the planting and what types of crops were planted?_______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________4. (p. 54) Why did the NE Woodlands natives invent succotash?____________________ _____________________________________________________________________5. Do you like succotash?________6. Look at the picture and read its description. Do you think the deer were fooled by the Natives under the deerskin?_______________________________________________ CH. 12 PEOPLE OF THE LONG HOUSE1. (p. 56) The United States has a patrilineal society because we trace our lineage through our fathers (most of the time) and we take their last names. The Iroquois traced their lineage through their mothers and the women led the family clans. This is known as a________________________ society.2. Why is the drawing of longhouses incorrect?__________________________________3. (p. 57) According the drawing what did Natives in the NE Woodlands eat? ______________________________________________________________________4. Why do you think the European didn’t draw the Natives as they appeared? ______________________________________________________________________5. (p. 58) What does the wampum belt depict (show)? ______________________________________________________________________6. How did the Iroquois record the constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy? ______________________________________________________________________7. (p. 59) Why did many Natives in the NE Woodlands have to move? ______________________________________________________________________   6  
  • 7. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds MeetNative Americans Chapter Walk-ThroughThe goal is simple. Use the page numbers provided, preview the questions or prompts andlocate the captions, graphics, maps, photos, pictures, or charts to help you respond tothe questions/prompts. This is a short, fun way to learn interesting stuff! Enjoy your walk! CHAPTER 2 AWAY WITH TIME6. (p. 12) How did early humans make axes? By chipping at flints with stone7. What does Homo Sapiens mean? Thinking man8. Homo Sapiens Sapiens are like us.9. What does the Neanderthal skull show? Had flatter heads and squarer chins10. When & why were dogs domesticated? No one knows exactly but around 14000 yrs ago; dogs as companions & food supply7. (p. 13) How did mammoths use their tusks? Like snow plows to dig for grass in ice/snow; tusks were 16 ft long CHAPTER 3 IN THE BEGINNING3. (p. 15) Describe the earth’s geography during the ice age? Glaciers (ice blankets) – more land & less ocean4. How did humans use the ice age to their advantage? Used the land bridge (Bering Strait) to follow migrating animals4. What did archeologists dig up in Folsom, New Mexico in 1927? _bison with a flint spear stuck in its ribs (10,000 yrs old)6. (p. 16) What is an archeologist? scientists who study materials from the past like primary sources – artifacts, bones, etc.7. What really cool thing did 2 college students find in Washington State in 1996? Bones of a 45 yr old man that was 9,000 yrs old; called the “Kennewick Man” aka “Kenny”   7  
  • 8. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet6. “Kenny” travel from_Asia7. (p. 18) What ancient animal is still around, even evading (escaping) humans(hunters)? Musk ox10. What is the llama descended from?_ancient Amenrican Camel11. Camels are originally from_AMERICA and got to the middle-east by crossing the_Bering Land Bridge/Strait to other continents CHAPTER 4 HOW THE FIRST AMERICANS BECAME INDIANS4. (p. 19) Who grew tomatoes 1st? First Americans5. According to some historians, what was the population of Native Americans in North and South America before Columbus arrived? 75 million about 1/3 of US pop. Today6. (p. 21) What do you think of the contest between the deer and the hunter? Strategic hunting – answers will vary *Ainu of Japan hunted bears the same way8. What would you do if you were that deer? answers will vary9. (p. 22-23) What was the name of the supercontinent?_Pangea*200 million yrs ago10. Describe what North America looked like 75 million years ago? Huge inland sea (present day great plans)11. Who inhabited North America 75 million years ago? dinosaurs CHAPTER 5 PUT ON YOUR EARMUFFS ARcTIc/Subarctic regions in Alaska, Greenland, & siberia5. (p. 24-25) What is the best way to get around in soft snow? snowshoes6. What do the Inuit hunt? fish & marine mammals; coastal seals, walrus, whales; inland: nomads reindeer (caribou) & musk ox7. Inuits ate raw meat for vitamins and minerals. “Eskimo_” means eater of raw flesh.   8  
  • 9. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet 8. What cool type of house do Inuits live in when they travel in winter? Snow block house built on top of iced over sea 6. Why is there a flap on the woman’s deerskin coat? Sitting on 7. (p. 28) How did Inuits make snow goggles? Walrus ivory 7. Describe the subarctic regions where the Inuits live: tundra: frozen deserts taiga: pine, spruce, aspen forests winter: dark summer: sunny all day & night 10. Women made the clothing with fur and birdfeathers 11. Inuits mean the the people. CH. 6 CLIFF-DWELLERS & OTHERS 1. (p. 30) Where did the clay for the Anasazi’s pottery come from? Nearby stream2. Who are the ancestors of the Pueblo people? ANASAZI3. (p. 31) Why did Anasazi farmers climb to the flat top of Mesa Verde every day? TO WORK IN THEIR FIELDS4. (p. 32) In the 1200s the Anasazi experienced a severe draught. During the good years the Anasazi did not practice conservation and cut down trees and overplanted. As a result the people starved and those that survived moved to the Rio Grande. How do WE know about the draught in 1276?__SCIENTISTS STUDIED TREE RINGS – WIDE = MOIST – NARROW = DROUGHT5. The SW was a hard place to grow crops (too hot and too dry). However, the Native Americans depended on farming for survival. How did the Natives deter birds from the planted fields?_____ZUNI SCARECROWS & DEAD BODIES OF CROWS   9  
  • 10. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet CH. 7 THE SHOW-OFFs6. (p. 33) Native Americans in the NW carved animal and human figures on tall fir poles & SOMETIMES CEDAR, called “totem poles.” The poles displayed a family’s power and rank. In Europe, important families also have symbols of power. What is the name for the European picture symbols that families placed on castles and armor? CREST7. (p. 34) Why was English sailor, Captain Cook, horrified in 1778 when he visited the NW? TREATMENT OF SLAVES OF THE KWAKIUTL & NOOTKA CLANS8. Why may some call Captain Cook a hypocrite? BECAUSE THE ENGLISH ENSLAVED AFRICANS9. How did some Natives keep dry in the rainy coastal region of the NW? TIGHTLY WOVEN BASKET HAT10. (p. 35) What is the origin of the word potlatch? NOOTKA WORD FOR GIVING CH. 9 PLAINS INDIANS ARE NOT PLAIN AT ALL8. (p. 42) List the 3 Plains tribes that states are named after:_ KANSAS, IOWA, MISSOURI9. (p. 43) List at least 3 natural elements that Native American used to build housing: ICE, WOOD, CLAY, THATCHED GRASS (SOD, BARK, ETC)10. Read Coronado’s (he was a Spanish explorer – not a nice guy!) journal entry and highlight at least 8 things Native Americans do with a buffalo after eating the meat: With the skins they build their houses; with the skins they clothe and show themselves; from the skins they make ropes and also obtain wool. With the sinews they make threads, with which they sew their clothes and tents. From the bones they shape awls (small tools for making holes in leather). The dung (animal droppings…think Everybody Poops) they use as firewood, since there is no other fuel in their land. The bladders they use as jugs and drinking containers.11. (p. 44) What are the best Native American Knives made from? Obsidian (VOLCANIC GLASS)   10  
  • 11. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet12. Why did the Native Americans trade the white men for their knives? FOR STEEL KNIVES WHICH ARE DIFFERENT AND SEEM BETTER13. (p. 45) How were the Plains Natives able to sneak up on the buffalo before they had horses? WEARING WOLD SKINS (CAMOUFLAGED)14. How did Plains Natives record stories?used BUFFALO SKINS   11  
  • 12. Historical Era #1: Many Worlds Meet CH. 11 INDIANS OF THE EASTERN FORESTS7. (p. 52) What group was the Huron’s enemy?IROQUOIS8. (p. 53) The NE Woodland Natives practiced “slash and burn” farming. Explain the process:_1ST CLEARED THE TREES, THEN BURNED BRANCHES & LEAVES, HOED9. Who did the planting and what types of crops were planted? WOMEN PLANTED BEANS & CORN (MAIZE)10. (p. 54) Why did the NE Woodlands natives invent succotash?_BEANS, CORN & SQUASH PROVIDE MORE PROTEIN WHEN EATEN TOGETHER11. Do you like succotash?_YES OR NO12. Look at the picture and read its description. Do you think the deer were fooled by the Natives under the deerskin?_SOME…IF SENSE OF SMELL PICKED UP CH. 12 PEOPLE OF THE LONG HOUSE8. (p. 56) The United States has a patrilineal society because we trace our lineage through our fathers (most of the time) and we take their last names. The Iroquois traced their lineage through their mothers and the women led the family clans. This is known as a_MATRILINEAL society.9. Why is the drawing of longhouses incorrect? TOO SMALL; SOME MEASURED 150 FT LONG10. (p. 57) According the drawing what did Natives in the NE Woodlands eat? CORN, FISH, CLAMS, NUTS, SQUID11. Why do you think the European didn’t draw the Natives as they appeared? _EUROCENTRIC; EUROPEANS VIEWED THEMSELVES AS SUPERIOR12. (p. 58) What does the wampum belt depict (show)? TELLS THE STORY OF DEGANWIDAH, HIAWATHA & TODODAHO13. How did the Iroquois record the constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy? WOVEN INTO WAMPUM (BEADS) IN 157014. (p. 59) Why did many Natives in the NE Woodlands have to move? OVERFARMED & SOIL WAS INFERTILE; DECREASE IN SUPPLY OF TREES FOR BUILDING & FIREWOOD; PESTS LIKE CATERPILLARS & CENTIPEDED BECAME A PROBLEM   12  
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