Bill of Rights Slideshow 2012

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  • 1.   PROMPT:   List  at  leas 2  legal  doc t   uments   that  list  hu man  rights Write  resp .   onse  in   margin.         The Bill of Rights The First 10 AmendmentsSources: http://www.slideshare.net/tenneys/the-bill-of-rights-295915
  • 2. The 1 st Amendment   Congress  s hall make  no  la   w  that  infringes  o n  the  peoples  rig ht  to  … 5 Freedoms: 1. Religion 2. Speech 3. Press 4. Assembly IMAGES  ENHANCES  RETENTION  BY  300%   5. Petition
  • 3. Religion Establishment clause“Separation of Church & State” The Government Can…   Teach about religions in school   Transport students to a religious school
  • 4. QUESTION :  A monumen  WWI  cross   Religion Establishment clause t  was  insta public  land lled s.    A  Buddh  on   requested ist    the  right  t install  a  m o     onument  n “Separation of Church & State” He    was  de earby.     nied.      Wa fair  accord s  this   ing  to    the  1 st  Am endment?The Government Cannot…  Set a state religion (cannot favor 1 religion over another)  Order prayer  Create laws that help or harm religion  Teach religious doctrine in the school  Pay seminary teachers IMAGES  ENHANCES  RETENTION  BY  300%  QUESTION: Do you think that the government can require public schools to teach creationism or intelligent design? Explain. Respond in margin
  • 5.   QUESTION :  How  doe this  pictur s   e  and  the  o on  the  pre vious  slide ne   WOW! This is a demonstra   for  separa te  the  nee Pon  of  chu d   picture of tortureand  state  ( rch  Respond  in GOVT)?   during the Spanish  margin.   Inquisition   IMAGES  ENHANCES  RETENTION  BY  300%  
  • 6. Religion Free Exercise Clause “Freedom to PRACTICE”People Can… People Cannot…  Choose &   Break the law practice their and claim it is religion religious belief  Celebrate   Raise children holidays without education   Deprive children of basic needs
  • 7. Free speechPeople CAN…  State their political beliefs including criticizing govt  Peacefully Protest  Say things about someone that are true  Make racist remarks   Expression: gestures(I.e., staying seated duringPledge, wearing a peace armband,burning the flag etc), art,banners, lyrics, posters The Tinker Case
  • 8. LIMITS ON SpeechPeople CANNOT•  Clear and Present Danger •  Put the public in danger (I.e., yelling “Fire!” in a crowded theater) •  Incite (start) riots/violence•  Make Threats (I.e., to blow up airplanes)•  Harass•  Commit slander: untruthful spoken words that damages another’s reputation•  Commit libel (see freedom of press)•  Use obscenities in a public forum•  Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools Modesty patch
  • 9. Hey! Can they do that? Respond in margin.
  • 10. Freedom of the PressThe Press Can…•  Print any political position•  Satirize people, especially politicians•  Expose wrongs by the government•  Report the news even controversial events & issuesQuestion: How does freedomof the press prevent the abuseof power? Give an example.Respond in margin.
  • 11. LIMITS ON Free Press The Press Cannot… Commit Libel: intentionally injuring a person’s reputation by false facts through written word
  • 12. Freedom of Assembly QUESTION ?     Freedom  o Why  is   f  Assembly an  importa     nt  right?      Why  do  p eople  assemble  ( gather)?    People Can…•  Protest (with permit)•  Parade (with a permit)•  Parade chanting hate slogans•  Congregate in public BY  300%   IMAGES  ENHANCES  RETENTION  
  • 13. LIMITS ON Freedom of Assembly People Cannot… •  Protest using violence or vandalism ( i.e. throwing rocks and breaking windows) •  Loitering: Hang out on private land against owners will •  Break Teen curfew •  Incite a riot (i.e., during a protest calling police officers “pigs!”)
  • 14.   QUESTION :  Is  this   assembly   protected?     Explain.    R espond  in  margin.    
  • 15. Petition•  You may sue the government for wrongs. This is known as a redress of grievances.•  Write and sign petitions to govt officials.
  • 16. 2nd Amendment Right to Keep & Bear Arms Research: What countries do not allow their citizens to keep and bear arms?The worst weapon known to man in 1791 would have been a cannon.
  • 17. 3rd AmendmentNo Quartering of Soldiersdon’t have to lend your home during times of peace •  Created in response to the British laws before the Revolution. •  No real importance today, other than the fact that it shows that we have a right to privacy in our homes.
  • 18.   QUESTION :   Imagine yourWhat  shou ld  happen  ne teacher...   xt?…takes you to the computerlab. The girls take theirpurses. At the end of class, agirl screams, “Someone tookmy iPhone!” The only personthat could have taken it is inthe class.For this activity, let’s assume no oneleft the room at any time.http://www.slideshare.net/lntrullin
  • 19. 4th Amendment Search & Seizure•  Plain View: if they see something in plain sight it constitutes A search warrant PROBABLE CAUSE must be specific as to the place to be searched. It•  Probable cause (i.e., fingerprints, must be signed by a video tape): reasonable belief that judge. someone commited a crime; it restricts police from stopping & searching you without a reason Exclusionary rule: if a judge determines that the search was illegal, even if they find evidence•  Police can Stop and Frisk (i.e., (like a body), they airports) CANNOT use that in court
  • 20. Criminal 5th Amendment Punishment=jail time, death, Justice Rights of the Accused probation You cannot be tried for the same crime twice “Double Jeopardy” You do not have to testify against your self (self-incrimination). Miranda Court Case = Miranda rights “I plead the fifth”“Grand Jury”: Steps from arrest to convictionDetermines there is sufficient evidence for a trial; if yes, an must be fair. idictment would be issued. “Due Process” “Indict” means to bring formal The government cannot take private charges against. property for public use unless it“Habeas Corpus”: They cannot hold pays (i.e., the need to build a road) u indefinitely; must be told the “eminent domain” charges against you
  • 21. 6th Amendment Right to a Fair, Public,Criminal Speedy TrialJustice 1.  Right to a speedy trial. 2.  Right to a public trial. 3.  Right to a Trial by Jury –  Unanimous decision –  “beyond a reasonable doubt” 4.  Confront witnesses. 5.  Right to an Attorney.
  • 22. Civil Court 7th Amendment Punishment Right to a Trial by Jury =$ &/or property in Suits of Common Law •  Sue for breach (break) of contract (i.e.,not paying the rent), injuries & damages(I.e., car accident) •  In suits of common law, you are allowed to have a trial by jury. They rule in the favor of one party and the decision doesn’t have to be unanimous – “preponderance of evidence” •  It is possible to be tried both a criminal court & a civil court.
  • 23. 8th Amendment Excessive Bail, Cruel & Unusual PunishmentBail: money (collateral) you Cruel & Unusual Punishment:pay to get out of jail while you the punishment must fit the crimewait for a trial. Atkins v. Virginia (2002)The money is returned when execution of mentally retardedyou show up for court. If you persons is cruel & unusualfail to show you forfeit (LOSE) punishment.the money.Bail is based on your social Roper v. Simmons (2005)status, wealth, crime, execution of those that committedopportunity for flight. their crime under the age of 18 isreputation, ties to the cruel & unusual punishmentcommunity, etc.
  • 24. 9th Amendment Rights Retained by the PeopleWe have SOOOO many rights it would beIMPOSSIBLE to list them all…SOOOO…thisAmendment “covers all the bases”•  Any rights not spelled out in the Constitution, then belonged to the people.•  Examples: The right to walk your dog, to travel on vacation, to have a family, to ride your bike, to read a book, etc…
  • 25. 10th AmendmentPowers Reserved for States & People Any powers not spelled out in the Constitution belong to the states (education, marriage, divorce, etc) Example: the Constitution is silent about driving a car. The power to grant licenses is a power of the states. Each state has its own law. –  Driving Age •  15 - South Carolina •  16 - Ohio