British Patriots PEOPLE Summarize the words & deeds of each person - 3 per box.
MERCY OTIS WARREN I AM A VERY CLEVER WRITER AND I PUBLISHED THE BLOCKHEADS, AN ANTI-BRITISH PLAY. Why do you think I titled it Blockheads ?
Martha Washington I joinedmyhusband, George, in the army camps to cook, clean, and sew for him and his men.
Mary Ludwig Hays Nickname: “Molly Pitcher” for women who brought water to soldiers on battlefield Ifought on the battlefield along side my husband. Many Women washed, cooked,spied and fought
“Gentlemen Johnny” Burgoyne I enjoyed stopping to entertain and hold lavish parties! I was the British general involved in the Battle of Saratoga. ALTHOUGH I SWORE I WOULD NEVER SURRENDER, ISURRENDERED to General Horatio Gates AT SARATOGA (AFTER CHANGING INTO A CLEAN UNIFORM OF COURSE!)”
HORATIO GATES ALTHOUGH I WAS A WEAK, INDECISIVE LEADER, I LED THE CONTINENTAL FORCES AT FREEMEN’S FARM AND RECEIVED CREDIT FOR THE SURRENDER OF BORGOYNE.-this doesn’t make Benedict Arnold happy…
Thaddeus Kosciuszko I am a Polish Engineer & supervised construction of an earth barrier to hold back Burgoyne at Freemen’s Farm = part of the Battle of Saratoga (NY)
Benedict Arnold I am a Patriot & Clever strategist BUT… resentment and greed led me to turn traitor & join the British in 1780 “I SENT INDIAN ALLIES TO SPREAD RUMORS OF MY LARGE FORCE TO BARRY ST. LEGER IN THE MOHAWK VALLEY. I ALSO RESENTED THE FACT THAT I NEVER RECEIVED ANY CREDIT FOR MY STRoNG LEADERSHIP”btw, my girlfriend/wife, Peggy Shippen Arnold, influenced my decision
Joseph Brant I am a Mohawk chief and sided with British/ Loyalists. I fought in Battles for the Mohawk Valley.
Marquis de LaFayette I am a 19 yr old French noble. I volunteered with Washington’s army in 1777. I was shot in leg at Brandywine & refused to leave the battlefield. I was one of the most popular leaders.
Baron von Steuben I was a Prussian (German) Volunteer in 1778. I turned the Continental Army into an Effective Fighting Force at Valley Forge by teaching European military formations,charging with bayonets, & executing drills with speed and precision. Focus placed on strict hygiene = discipline
Francis Marion My nickname is “Swamp Fox.” I am the leader of 20 mounted men & boys in South Carolina swamplands. We used guerilla warfare
John Paul Jones I was a Scottish born privateer (pirate for hire). I battled the British Serapiswith my ship, Bonhomme Richard & WON! When things looked rough for me & my men I stated, “I have not yet begun to fight”
General Jean Rochambeau I was the Leader of French forces. I marched south with Washington to the last major battle & WIN at Yorktown, Virginia.
Foldable Timeline Set Up Draw a symbol for each event after you read from Dateline p.34 &/or watch video clips WriteNEATLY and leave space – DO NOT crowd your notes.
#3 Washington Crosses the Delaware #5 Washington’s Winter at Valley Forge #1 Battle of NYC “Bloody Cat & Mouse Game” 1778 1777 1776 #4 Saratoga, Turning Point Of the War; EFFECT: leads France to ALLY with the Patriots #2 Thomas Paine’s The Crisis #6 France Recognizes American Independence & become its ally
The War started in the NORTH (New England) & ended in the SOUTH (VA). #7 Battle of Yorktown, last major battle 1783 1781 1779 #7 Treaty Of Paris Ends the war Slaves were promised freedom if they fought on either side. However, the British sold them back into slavery to the West Indies.
THE CRISIS December 19, 1776 THESE are the times that try men's souls. The Summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman…the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value.
Make a Text to Text Connection between The Crisis and Dido’s song, “See the Sun.” Highlight the verse(s)that parallel Thomas Paine’s The Crisis.
FACT VS. FICTION WASHINGTON CROSSES THE DELAWARE DON’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU SEE.
What Is Wrong With This Picture? George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
What Is Wrong With This Picture? The flag shown was not created until June of 1777. The Grand Union flag would have been carried at the time. George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
What Is Wrong With This Picture? The boat was the wrong size and model. The actual boats used had higher sides and were much bigger. George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
What Is Wrong With This Picture? Washington is shown standing heroically in the front of the boat. He probably would have been sitting to keep from falling into the water. George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
What Is Wrong With This Picture? While the Delaware did freeze over in the winter, it was too early to see much ice in the river, let alone ice the size shown. George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
What Is Wrong With This Picture? While the sun is shown rising in the distance, the crossing actually took place in the middle of the night. George Washington Crossing The Delaware, Emanuel Leutze 1851
TRENTON WASHINGTON MARCHED HIS TROOPS 9 MILES TO TRENTON FOR THE SURPRISE ATTACK ON THE HESSIANS. PATRIOTS CAPTURED OR KILLED 1,000 HESSIANS AFTER CROSSING THE DELAWARE RIVER Col. Raul (Hessian commander) had received info regarding the attack But didn’t take the time to Have it translated because he was busy playing cards!
1. An account from a Hessian soldier: The men looked haggard and pallid and were poorly dressed. Indeed, very many stood quite proudly under arms without shoes and stockings. What army could be maintained in this manner? None, certainly, for the whole army would gradually run away. This, too, is a part of that “ Liberty and Independence” for which these poor fellows had to have their arms and legs smashed. But to what cannot enthusiasm lead a people! What do you believe to be the meaning of this observation? How do you think this soldier feels about the men to which he refers in this statement? Explain