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3 Worlds Meet
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3 Worlds Meet

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  • Transcript

    • 1. 3 Worlds Meet Africa Europe The Americas
    • 2. 1 2 3 4
    • 3. Rainforests (near the equator in Central and West Africa): tall forests that grow in moist, hot climates Sahara (North): largest desert in the world Savanna (North & South of rainforests): long, flat grassland with abundant wildlife, thorny bushes & scattered trees (I.e., Kalahari)
    • 4. Africa in the North ECONOMY: People used trade routes on Mediterranean Sea; Sahara limited trade and travel to Central & South Africa SOCIETY: Life in Sahara = isolated Religion: Islam brought by Arab merchants Muslims: people who follow Islam
    • 5. Mansa Musa: Mali’s Leader; devout Muslim
    • 6. West Africa ECONOMY: centered on the Niger, Volta, & Senegal Rivers & transported crops to Atlantic; soil was rich for farming POLITICAL: 2 kingdoms: Ghana & Mali; Controlled trade routes for salt & gold
    • 7.
      • Slavery
      • Most kingdoms fought one another for crops, land, & trade goods. African kings captured and enslaved enemies. Europeans arrive in 1480s- establishing the profitable slave trade
      • 3 goals of slavery
          • Strong men
          • Destroy enemy’s military strength
          • Slave trade in return for crops, weapons, & gold
    • 8. Europe
    • 9. The Black Death: one of Europe’s catastrophes during the 14 th -15 th c; killed millions
    • 10. Great Famine: 13 th century; widespread food shortage
    • 11. Hundred Years War: fought between Britain and France
    • 12. European Society - 14 th -16 th century Renaissance (rebirth): widespread cultural revival of classical art, architecture, learning & literature Reformation: people started to question the role of church in society & the corruption of the clergy (I.e., sale of indulgences) Catholics vs. Protestants (to protest)
    • 13. Printing Press (1440) invented by Johannes Gutenberg enabled common people to learn to read which led to curiosity about the world
    • 14.
        • But…wind & currents controlled ocean travel
        • Horse latitudes: (30 to 35 degrees latitude north & south) weak currents/winds failed to move sailing vessels, thus horses & other livestock were dumped overboard to decrease the ship’s weight
        • BUILDING AN EMPIRE…Monarchs wanted new trade routes to Europe and Asia