3 Worlds Collide CLOZE the Gaps
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3 Worlds Collide CLOZE the Gaps Document Transcript

  • 1. Name:___________________ Date:_______ Period:__3 Worlds Collide Cloze the GapsDIRECTIONS: First, read through the passage with the blanks. Second, CLOZE THEGAPS using the following people, places, events, and key terms. a. horse latitudes b. shipbuilding c. Africa & Asia d. latitude e. Johannes Gutenberg f. winds g. Renaissance h. Rebirth i. currents j. Protestant Reformation k. Protestants l. printing press m. 1300 and 1500 CE n. 14th century o. Hundred Years War p. Black Death q. Great Famine r. trade EUROPE Life in Europe during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries was chaotic. Major changesin the economy, society, and government took place between 1300 and 1500 CE. In the early 1300’s, Europe experienced several major catastrophes. Both theGreat Famine (a widespread food shortage) and the Black Death (a deadly diseasealso known as the Bubonic Plague) killed millions of people. Thousands more werekilled while fighting in the Hundred Years War between England and France. Despitethese disastrous events, prosperity returned to Europe by the end of the 14th century.Communities began to flourish creating many cities and trade between merchantsgreatly increased. During this same time period, two cultural movements swept through Europe.First was the Renaissance (15th-16th c), a widespread cultural revival of classical art,architecture, learning and literature. The Renaissance—meaning “Rebirth” encourageda new respect for the achievements of ancient Greece, ancient values of education,math and scientific exploration of the Earth.
  • 2. The second cultural movement, known as the Protestant Reformation beganin the 1500’s because many people throughout Europe started questioning the role ofthe church in society. Also, they did not like the corrupt practices (i.e.: sale ofindulgences) among the clergy. As a result of their discontent the church divided intotwo groups, the Catholics and the Protestants (to protest). During the Renaissance and Reformation, a German named JohannesGutenberg invented the printing press, a machine that created printed pages (massproduction of books). Books no longer had to be hand written which drastically reducedthe cost per book making them available to more people. As a result many Europeanslearned to read which encouraged a curiosity about the world. European monarchs sought to expand their empires and find new trade routesto Africa & Asia. Despite the numerous advances in shipbuilding, two naturalforces, wind and currents, controlled ocean travel. Two strong and dangerouscurrents (the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic) created near impossible sailingconditions. Weak winds at 30 to 35 degrees latitude north and south failed to movesailing vessels. The lack of wind and the geographical location became known as theHorse Latitudes because horses and other livestock were dumped overboard todecrease the weight of the ship. Eventually sailors learned how to navigate the AtlanticOcean’s powerful currents opening westward travel to many adventurous explorers. ESPGS DIRECTIONS: Go back to the reading passage and sort the KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, PLACES and EVENTS into 4 categories, ESPG. Use the key below to COLOR CODE the information. Use 4 different colored highlighters or colored pencils E=O S=O P=O G=O
  • 3. Name:___________________ Date:_______ Period:__3 Worlds Collide Cloze the GapsDIRECTIONS: First, read through the passage with the blanks. Second, use contextclues to CLOZE THE GAPS using the following people, places, events, and key terms. b. horse latitudes b. shipbuilding c. Africa & Asia e. latitude e. Johannes Gutenberg f. winds h. Renaissance h. Rebirth i. currents k. Protestant Reformation k. Protestants l. printing press n. 1300 and 1500 CE n. 14th century o. Hundred Years War q. Black Death q. Great Famine r. trade EUROPE Life in Europe during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries was chaotic. Major changesin the economy, society, and government took place between _________________. In the early 1300’s, Europe experienced several major catastrophes. Both the________________(a widespread food shortage) and the __________________(a deadly disease also known as the Bubonic Plague) killed millions of people.Thousands more were killed while fighting in the ___________________________between England and France. Despite these disastrous events, prosperity returned toEurope by the end of the _____ _______. Communities began to flourish creatingmany cities and___________________between merchants greatly increased. During this same time period, two cultural movements swept through Europe.First was the _____________________ (15th-16th c), a widespread cultural revivalof classical art, architecture, learning and literature. The Renaissance—meaning_________________,encouraged a new respect for the achievements of ancientGreece, ancient values of education, math and scientific exploration of the Earth. The second cultural movement, known as the ____________________beganin the 1500’s because many people throughout Europe started questioning the role of
  • 4. the church in society. Also, they did not like the corrupt practices (i.e.: sale ofindulgences) among the clergy. As a result of their discontent the church divided intotwo groups, the Catholics and the ________________________(to protest). During the Renaissance and Reformation, a German named__________________________invented the ___________________, amachine that created printed pages (mass production of books). Books no longer had tobe hand written which drastically reduced the cost per book making them available tomore people. As a result many Europeans learned to read which encouraged a curiosityabout the world. European monarchs sought to expand their empires and find new trade routesto __________________. Despite the numerous advances in _______________.two natural forces, wind and currents, controlled ocean travel. Two strong anddangerous ____________(the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic) created nearimpossible sailing conditions. Weak ____________at 30 to 35 degrees _________north and south failed to move sailing vessels. The lack of wind and the geographicallocation became known as the __________________________because horses andother livestock were dumped overboard to decrease the weight of the ship. Eventuallysailors learned how to navigate the Atlantic Ocean’s powerful currents openingwestward travel to many adventurous explorers. ESPGS DIRECTIONS: Go back to the reading passage and sort the KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, PLACES and EVENTS into 4 categories, ESPG. Use the key below to COLOR CODE the information. Use 4 different colored highlighters or colored pencils E=O S=O P=O G=O
  • 5. Name:___________________ Date:_______ Period:__3 Worlds Collide Cloze the GapsDIRECTIONS: First, read through the passage with the blanks. Second, use contextclues to CLOZE THE GAPS using the following people, places, events, and key terms.a. NORTH b. ISLAM c. SAHARA (2xs)d. DESERT e. SAVANNAS f. RAINFORESTSg. ENSLAVE h. TRADE ROUTES i. MANSA MUSAj. GHANA & MALI k. MILITARY l. MEDITERRANNEAN SEAm. MUSLIMS n. FARMING o. RULER, LAWS, ARMYp. SLAVE TRADE q. NIGER, VOLTA, & SENEGAL RIVERS AFRICA Africa has 3 geographic zones. The desert of the Sahara in the NORTH(largest desert in the world) has little to no vegetation and only 3 inches of rainfall peryear. The Savannas, both NORTH and & SOUTH of the rainforests, are long, long,grasslands with abundant wildlife, thorny bushes, and scattered trees similar to ourGreat Plains. Near the equator in CENTRAL and WEST Africa, Rainforests areabundant but losing miles yearly to deforestation. Rainforests are tall forests that growin moist, hot climates with abundant wildlife. The people to the NORTH created trade routes using ports on theMediterranean Sea. Northern people traded with Europe. However, the Saharalimited trade and travel to Central and South Africa. People living in the Sahara wereisolated. Despite these geographic obstacles, the religion of Islam was brought tothese parts by traveling merchants and traders. People who follow Islam are Muslims. The West African societies centered on the Niger, Volta, and Senegal Rivers.The soil in the West was rich for farming. The West Africans used the rivers totransport crops to cities on the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 6. The 2 predominant West African kingdoms were Ghana (700-1100 CE) andMali (1200s CE). These kingdoms were large, complex societies. Ghana, located onthe Niger River, controlled trade routes for salt and gold. Mali took over Ghana andbecome Africa’s most powerful state. Mansa Musa, Mali’s powerful ruler was a devoutMuslim and built mosques and universities. Unlike Ghana and Mali, other kingdoms were small (few miles wide). Each had aruler, laws, and army. By the late 14th c., Kingdoms fought one another for crops,land, trade goods, and humans. African kings would enslave rather than kill theirenemies. Slavery benefited African kings because they gained strong men, destroyedtheir enemys military strength, and slaves were used as commodities (goods) to betraded for crops, weapons, and gold. Europeans arrived in the 1480s establishing theprofitable slave trade.ESPGSDIRECTIONS: Go back to the reading passage and sort the KEY TERMS, PEOPLE,PLACES and EVENTS into 4 categories, ESPG. Use the key below to COLOR CODE theinformation. Use 4 different colored highlighters or colored pencilsE=O S=O P=O G=O
  • 7. Name:___________________ Date:_______ Period:__3 Worlds Collide Cloze the GapsDIRECTIONS: First, read through the passage with the blanks. Second, use contextclues to CLOZE THE GAPS using the following people, places, events, and key terms.a. NORTH b. ISLAM c. SAHARA (2xs)d. DESERT e. SAVANNAS f. RAINFORESTSg. ENSLAVE h. TRADE ROUTES i. MANSA MUSAj. GHANA & MALI k. MILITARY l. MEDITERRANNEAN SEAm. MUSLIMS n. FARMING o. RULER, LAWS, ARMYp. SLAVE TRADE q. NIGER, VOLTA, & SENEGAL RIVERS AFRICA Africa has 3 geographic zones. The _____________________ of the________________ in the NORTH (largest desert in the world) has little to novegetation and only 3 inches of rainfall per year. The ______________ both NORTHand SOUTH of the rainforests, are long, long, grasslands with abundant wildlife, thornybushes, and scattered trees similar to our Great Plains. Near the equator in CENTRALand WEST Africa, _____________________ are abundant but losing miles yearly todeforestation. Rainforests are tall forests that grow in moist, hot climates withabundant wildlife. The people to the NORTH created __________ ________ using ports on the___________________ ________. Northern people traded with Europe.However, the _________________________ limited trade and travel to Centraland South Africa. People living in the Sahara were isolated. Despite these geographicobstacles, the religion of ________________________ was brought to these partsby traveling merchants and traders. People who follow Islam are_________________.
  • 8. The West African societies centered on the ______________, __________,and ________________ ________________. The soil in the WEST was rich for_______________________. The West Africans used the rivers to transport crops tocities on the Atlantic Ocean. The 2 predominant West African kingdoms were GHANA (700-1100 CE) &__________________ (1200s CE). These kingdoms were large, complex societies.Ghana, located on the Niger River, controlled trade routes for salt and gold. Mali tookover Ghana and become Africa’s most powerful state._______________________, Mali’s powerful ruler was a devout Muslim and builtmosques and universities. Unlike Ghana and Mali, other kingdoms were small (few miles wide). Each had a________, _________, & ____________. By the late 14th c., Kingdoms foughtone another for crops, land, trade goods, and humans. African kings would_______________________rather than kill their enemies._____________________ benefited African kings because they gained strong men,destroyed their enemys ___________________strength, and slaves were used ascommodities (goods) to be traded for crops, weapons, and gold. Europeans arrived inthe 1480s establishing the profitable ______________________.ESPGSDIRECTIONS: Go back to the reading passage and sort the KEY TERMS, PEOPLE,PLACES and EVENTS into 4 categories, ESPG. Use the key below to COLOR CODE theinformation. Use 4 different colored highlighters or colored pencilsE=O S=O P=O G=O
  • 9. QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW 1. Make a connection: What other religions have tried to spread their religion and provide 2 results. 2. What are 2 examples of modern day slavery? 3. What modern day technology and/or medical science may have ended the bubonic plaque and/or decreased the # of victims? 4. How would people react if there was a food shortage in America? 5. During the Hundred Years War (1336-1443), there were hundreds of battles mingled with uneasy peace, France eventually expelled England from Aquitane but England had won many battles. • How does war affect society? • How has the war in Iraq and Afghanistan affected American society, Iraqi society, Afghan society? 6. During the Protestant Reformation, people questioned corrupt practices of the church. Do people question religious organizations today? Explain. 7. The printing press enabled the common people to learn to read and they developed a curiosity about the world. Make a connection: Name a book that made you curious about your world. Explain.Geography Americas Africa Europe
  • 10. Economic: how did Farming, hunting Farming, hunting, Farming, tradepeople make a tradelivingSociety Sedentary, semi, Semi-sedentary and Sedentary and non-sedentary sedentaryReligionAchievementsPolitical Olmec, Maya, Inca, Mali, Ghana, Kongo, English, French,Who was in charge? Aztec, Iroquois Ndongo Italians, SpanishCulture:Religion: Rooted in nature Islam, Christianity Christianity and Native African Religion Cities, temples, Art, Islamic UnivAchievements irrigation, canals, (Mansa Musa), Renaissance, calendar trade and travel Reformation, printing pressMake a Prediction: What will happen next (16th century) for either European, African,or Native American society. Respond in writing or illustration on the back of this sheet.