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Powerpoint for Chapter Three of Critical Thinking Through Debate.

Powerpoint for Chapter Three of Critical Thinking Through Debate.

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  • 1. Critical Thinking Through Debate Chapter Three
  • 2. First, a review
    • In chapter one, the text discussed debate as a process – what did they mean by that?
    • What are the three means of persuasion according to Aristotle? Provide an example of each.
    • On the next page are a number of resolutions – identify them as fact, value or policy.
  • 3. Fact, value or policy?
    • The State of California should raise taxes in order to lower the deficit.
    • Extraterrestrials crashed in Roswell, New Mexico during the 1950s.
    • Movies made in America have more graphic violence and gratuitous sex than they did ten years ago.
    • The environment should be valued over energy production when evaluating new dam building.
  • 4. A little more review
    • What are three ways of defining terms in debate?
    • What are the stock issues identified by the text for policy debate?
  • 5. An update on stock issues
    • S. = Significance
    • H. = Harms
    • I. = Inherency
    • T. = Topicality
    • S. = Solvency
  • 6. Chapter Three The Resolution: The Focus of Debate
  • 7.
  • 8. Resolutions – why have them?
    • Provides judge with a guideline of what they are voting for/against at the end of the debate.
    • Used to limit the debate and provide for predictability of what the other side will talk about.
  • 9. Presumption
    • Consider law – what is “presumed” before a legal criminal case begins?
    • In debate, we “presume” that the status quo is innocent (or good enough) until proven guilty (or so bad we have to risk a change).
  • 10. Burden of Proof
    • If the status quo gets presumption , then who has the burden of proof?
  • 11. Burden of Clash
    • AKA – Burden of “rejoinder”
    • “ Silence means consent.”
    • Must respond at the first chance (next speech).
  • 12. Standards of Proof
    • Rule to live/debate by:
    • In debate, there is no truth with a capital T. Probability is the best we can hope for.
    • Possible: Not impossible, but not at all likely to happen.
    • Plausible: Possible, but more likely NOT to happen then to happen.
    • Probable: Not certain, but more likely to happen then not to happen.
    • Certain: Definitely will happen.
  • 13. Standards of Proof for Policy Debate
    • Must measure the following:
      • RISK of the good or bad thing occurring – this is likelihood or probability .
      • MAGNITUDE of the good or bad thing – is it a HUGE positive or negative, or just a SMALL positive or negative?
      • DIFFICULTY OF CORRECTING A MISCALCULATION. CAN it be corrected? How difficult would it be to correct?