Elements of Design <ul><li>Brian Vieira </li></ul>
The Elements of Design <ul><li>◄Line► </li></ul><ul><li>◄ Form ► </li></ul>◄ Color ► ◄ Texture ►
Lines <ul><li>Curved Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal Lines </li></ul>Provides direction in design of structures, and relates it to the site and natural surroundings. Lines can be curved, horizontal, vertical or diagonal, in order to accent or distinguish features.
Curved Lines <ul><li>Provide soft feeling, can be found in arches, curved walls, round windows and doorways. </li></ul>
Examples Curved lines in exterior arch ways are a great way to break up a manmade structure and soften it to blend better with its surroundings.
Examples Curved arches in a house serve to soften entry and exit ways leading to a much more pleasing transition between spaces.
Examples Curved lines are perfect for a garden because their soft and unstructured forms mirror their gentle and whimsical surroundings.
Examples Arched bridges remove the formality of a normal structured bridge and add a homely feeling.
Examples Curved walls not only give a building style and make it stand out, but they make it more aesthetically pleasing to look at.
Examples Curved or rounded windows add style to a house but also soften up a wall and extenuate the view from them
Horizontal Lines Horizontal lines are used in order to maximize width and size, while at the same time minimize height. Great examples of this are roofs, floors, balconies, and siding patterns.
Examples Horizontal roof lines make a structure seem longer and larger
Examples Horizontal siding maximizes size and makes structures seem longer.
Examples Balconies are a great way to extenuate a wall and make it stand out as more important.
Examples Hardwood flooring makes a room seem longer and larger.
Vertical Lines Vertical lines create the illusion of height, lead the eye upward, give sense of strength and stability. Used in columns, windows, trim and siding.
Examples Columns make a space seem massive and much taller.
Examples Large vertical windows create a outstanding view bringing the outside in and making any room seem larger.
Examples Vertical wallpaper or beadbord make the room appear slightly taller.
Examples Vertical siding makes a house seem as though it is taller than it actually is.
Diagonal Lines Diagonal lines are used to create a sense of transition, used most often in rooflines and siding.
Examples Diagonal roof lines are the best way to transition the siding to the roof.
Examples Diagonal siding or flooring is a great way to transition from one space to another.
Form <ul><li>Rectangles </li></ul><ul><li>Squares </li></ul><ul><li>Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Ovals </li></ul>Form is common shapes found in the design of a house. They are usually three-dimensional. The proportions between them is important to create the proper function or look of the design.
Rectangles A rectangle is an enclosed shape that is characterized by having four sides and four right (90°) angles.
Examples Multi sized rectangles can create an unified yet unrestricted structural design.
Squares A square is an enclosed shape that is characterized by four equal sides and four right angles.
Examples A single square can create a feeling of symmetry while multiple squares create a uniform look.
Circles A circle is a line forming a closed loop, in which every point on which is a fixed distance from a center point.
Examples Circles can crate a symmetrical look, but unlike squares, they also create a soft look.
Ovals Oval is a Latin derived word meaning egg, therefore it is an egg shape that differs from a circle because its radii can vary.
Examples Ovals allow a designer to make a large space seem soft and informal.
Color <ul><li>Hue </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity </li></ul>Color is an intricate part of design. It distinguishes exterior materials and accents, creates a pleasing bled that dramatically effects the final look.
Hue Hue represents what is typically thought of as the color. There are primary colors (red, blue, and yellow), secondary colors (orange, green, and violet), and tertiary colors (a mix of primary and secondary).
Examples A mix of primary, secondary, and tertiary colors can create and interesting look.
Value Value is the darkening (adding black), lightening (adding white), or tinting (adding hue), to a base color
Examples Wood cabinets in a kitchen can often feature two or more different values of stain which creates an interesting look.
Intensity Is the brightness of a specific color. Colors can softened by adding the opposite color on the color wheel to it. Warm colors, bold colors, and neutral colors all drastically change the appearance of a house.
Examples Reds and oranges are warm colors that tend to make objects appear larger of closer.
Examples Blues, greens, and violets are bold colors and tend to make things appear farther away or smaller.
Examples Neutral colors form a major part of a house and allow accents such as trim and furniture to dictate the appearance.
Texture <ul><li>Rough Surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth Surfaces </li></ul>Texture is the roughness or smoothness of an object. This is very important in material selection.
Examples Rough materials such as concrete or brick create a sense of strength and security.
Examples Rough sawn wood creates a sense of strength and gives an outdoors felling.
Examples Smooth textures, such as resawn wood and glass, create a sense of luxury making the space seem larger and making colors seem brighter.
Examples Metal surfaces are great for kitchens because they reflect a lot of light making the space brighter.