Peer feedback in academic writing using google docs


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This paper/presentation describes a method for students to give each other written feedback in academic writing using a Google Docs as a Social Annotation (SA) tool. Student attitudes to using this method has been evaluated, along with their attitudes towards using digital documents as opposed to paper based documents in various education related situations. The results show that the method described was highly appreciated, and furthermore showed that the students in the study already read digitally distributed documents on screen rather than printing them, and that they were very positive to using digital documents rather than paper based documents. It is argued that the method used can be generalized to other kinds of document based discussions such as seminars discussing papers, and that the positive attitude towards using digital documents can be further increased with current and upcoming technical solutions such as HTML5 and the iPad.

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  • hi...thanks for your great description...I'm a TEFL student and wants to write my thesis on Google Drive, unfortunately, I have faced a problem at the beginning of my work, I wonder about the feature of Google Drive which makes it different from other technologies used for teaching writing skill ??? (its superiority) what is Google Drive especially designed for? Is it designed only for peer revision in writing skill??? thanks in advance
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  • Det jag använt är ett social annotation system
  • Använder de googledocs eller något SA-system? Använder de delningen? Använder de kommentarfunktionen?
  • Alla grupper utom två blev klara i tid
  • Olika mål med att annotera texter. För sig själv eller för andra
  • Utvärderade inte nyttan av att GE feedback men den var nog ansenlig
  • Men andra lösningar om man ska läsa pdf-filer, såsom crocodoc
  • Hjälpa varandraLäraren avlastas med stavfelsgranskning mm
  • Peer feedback in academic writing using google docs

    1. 1. Peer Feedback in Academic Writing using Google Docs 2012-08-30• Björn Hedin• KTH Royal Institute of Technology• Media Technology• Stockholm, Sweden•
    2. 2. Annotation and Social Annotation• Annotations: - “marks on (or attached to) readingmatter” including underlining, highlighting and comments.• Different from Notes - “marks that are not co-located with the text to which they refer”.• Plenty of research indicate that notes and annotations are very important for learning.• Social annotation tools add a collaboration aspect to annotations, which allows users to - share, - interact and - collaborate on annotations attached to documents.
    3. 3. Social Annotation Tools• Demo - Diigo - Google Docs/Drive - Crocodoc
    4. 4. What We Have Done• Started with peer feedback in academic writing in 2004 - Either comments in separate threads or problematic commenting in word documents• B.Sc. Thesis in 2010 investigated using SA tools instead, promising results• 2011 – Tests in 2 groups, good results• 2012 – Google Docs much improved, full scale test• Investigated - What are the students’ (and teachers’) attitudes to using Google Docs for Peer Feedback? - What are the student’s attitudes to the use of screen vs. paper when reading documents? - Which effects can recent and upcoming technical developments have on the above two questions?
    5. 5. Material• B.Sc. Degree project course• Group supervision - Meet 6 times and give written and oral feedback to each other on progress of report. - Written in pairs. 74 students produced 37 final reports (exjobb). - About 8-10 students per groups meaning 4-5 reports. - Hand in report about a week before seminar and use SA tool (google docs) for Peer Feedback Marking. - Discuss on seminars, often using projector.• Evaluated using questionnarie (60% response rate), focus groups and interviews with teachers.• Demo
    6. 6. Results: Using Google Docs forWriting• 11% of students prefer word processor over Google Docs when writing individual reports• 89% prefer using Google Docs when writing group- or pair reports• Main problem seen with Google Docs was possibilities to format exactly as you want. Also better dictionaries.• Most students used google docs for writing and in the final version imported into MS Word for final layout.
    7. 7. Reading on Screen vs Paper40%35%30%25% 100%20% 80%15% 60%210% 40% 20% 5% 0% 0% “If given a pdf-file to read before a seminar, how often do you read it on screen compared to printing it on paper.”
    8. 8. Why Screen and Why Paper?• Why screen? - Simpler to read it on a screen than to print it - Environmental aspects - Economical aspects - The ability to search in the texts - Easier to organize files than paper• Why Paper? - Most mentioned a better reading experience, especially for longer texts. - 8 of 26 mentioned better possibilities to annotate the text
    9. 9. But…60%50% Very Easy40% Quite Easy30% Moderately20% difficult/easy Quite Difficult10% Very Difficult 0% "How easy is it to comment using Google Docs?"
    10. 10. Usefulness of feedbackUsefulness of getting written peer feedback, writtensupervisor feedback and oral feedback (scale 1-5, 5 is best) 5 4.5 4 3.5 Written Peer 3 Feedback (σ = 0.86) 2.5 Written Supervisor 2 Feedback (σ = 0.87) 1.5 Oral Feedback (σ = 1 1.10 0.5 0
    11. 11. Usefulness of feedback (2)• 4 student thought the written group feedback was more useful than the written supervisor feedback,• 21 students thought the written supervisor feedback was better than the written group feedback,• 13 students thought they were equally useful.
    12. 12. Comments in Document or inSeparate Thread?80%70%60% Clearly Google Docs50% Google Docs40%30% Undecided20%10% Separate Thread 0% "“Is it best to comment on reports Cleary Separate directly the document (as in Google Thread Docs) or in a separate threaded forum?"
    13. 13. Problems?• Not really many problems found, but maybe… - Pdf files doesn’t work well with Google Docs - Perhaps more focus on details
    14. 14. Benefits• Peer Feedback Marking in general a very good peer learning activity (see research by Nancy Falchikov) - Student get insights in other theses and problems - Useful to give and receive feedback• Comments in context• Increased interaction among the students in giving feedback.• Simple matters (spelling and so on) easily addressed• Seminar time can be spent with well-prepared students• Students really read and comment texts - Difficult to get away with not reading the texts• So simple that even teachers want to use it
    15. 15. Future and Conclusions• Increased use of tablets like iPad - Even easier to read and annotate than on computers• Constantly better cloud-based word processing with annotation features• SA tools can be used for much more!• Students and teachers were all very enthusiastic, so it’s worth giving a try!