After the great war
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After the great war






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After the great war After the great war Presentation Transcript

  • Woodrow Wilson proposing his “Fourteen Points” to Congress on January 8, 1918
    • Woodrow Wilson proposed the Fourteen Points to Congress before the end of WWI
      • League of Nations-organization to keep the peace
    • Pressure on German government to change
      • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated his throne
    • On November 11, 1918, fighting stopped which officially ended World War I
    • Armistice=an agreement to stop fighting
    • No hand to hand combat, just 30 minutes of an artillery barrage ended World War I on the western front
    • Lives -8.5-10 million
      • German dead – 1.8 million
      • Russia – 1.7 million
      • Great Britain – Almost 1 million
      • United States – 116,000
      • 21 million wounded
    • Civilian casualties
    • Property
      • In France
        • over 300,000 homes were destroyed
        • 6000 factories destroyed
        • 8,000 acres of farmland destroyed
        • $300 billion in damages
    • Social disruption
      • Thousands of soldiers with disabilities (missing limbs, etc.)
      • War changed how people viewed the world and their lives
    • From Left to Right:
    • David Lloyd George of Britain
    • Vittorio Orlando of Italy
    • Georges Clemenceau of France
    • Woodrow Wilson of the United States
    • 5 peace treaties
      • One with each of the Central Powers
      • Germany’s treaty = Treaty of Versailles
    • France and European nations wanted revenge for WWI. France wanted security against future wars with Germany
    • America /Woodrow Wilson wanted “peace without victory”
      • Wants to make the world “safe for democracy”
    • Members of the Allied nations signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. It stated that:
      • Germany had to pay reparations—amount not stated
        • Reparations=payment for war damages
      • German Military limited to only 100,000 active service members
      • It also disbanded the German navy
      • Germany not allowed to manufacture tanks, heavy artillery, military airplanes
    • War Guilt Clause
      • It forced Germany to accept guilt for war
        • Germany blamed for starting WWI
        • German people couldn’t accept they were the only ones to blame for WWI
    • Lost territory
        • Lost Alsace-Lorraine to France and colonies
        • Lands in east became part of Poland
    • Limited the German military to 100,000
  • Before World War I After the treaty was signed
    • 4 empires ended
      • Austro-Hungarian
        • New countries created-Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia
      • Russian
      • Ottoman
        • Middle East nations became mandates of League of Nations
      • German
    • Genocide=the systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious or cultural group
    • Ottoman Turks killed the Armenians.
      • 2 million Armenians
      • 1.5 million killed, rest deported
    • Based in Geneva, Switzerland
      • International cooperative organization
      • Established to prevent wars/keep peace
    • The United States wasn’t a member
    • League failed because it did not have the power to enforce its decisions
    • It was designed to help countries talk about problems and solve them DIPLOMATICALLY instead of MILITARILY
    • The league of Nations main goal was to prevent another world war
    • Did it work in your opinion?
    • The United States was the only major country that didn’t join the League of Nations
      • Congress refused to ratify entry into the League
      • They feared being dragged into another global conflict
      • Ideas of pacifism and isolationism prevailed