GIS For Public Gardens

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Overview of the collective work of the Alliance for Public Gardens GIS.

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GIS For Public Gardens

  1. 1. February 16, 2011<br />ABCD-GIS Meeting<br />Harvard University, Cambridge, MA<br />GIS for Public Gardens:<br />Tools & Techniques for<br />Collection Management & Research<br />Brian Morgan<br />Putnam Research Fellow<br />Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University<br />
  2. 2. Curriculum Vitae<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Education
  3. 3. Ph.D. Candidate in Geography
  4. 4. BS in Landscape Architecture
  5. 5. AS in Computer Science
  6. 6. Research & Professional Experience
  7. 7. Alliance for Public Gardens GIS
  8. 8. Arnold Arboretum
  9. 9. UC Davis Arboretum
  10. 10. UCD LASR Laboratory
  11. 11. UCD ICE
  12. 12. BRBNA</li></li></ul><li>GIS for Public Gardens<br />Living Plant<br />Collection Mapping<br />
  13. 13. UC Davis Arboretum<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Located on the University of California, Davis campus
  14. 14. 100 acre botanical garden
  15. 15. Living museum with over 30,000 specimens
  16. 16. Used by students, staff, and faculty for research and education</li></ul>Arboretum Waterway<br />Ruth Risdon Storer Garden<br />
  17. 17. Why Map Plant Collections?<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Collection curation
  18. 18. Teaching and research
  19. 19. Planning and maintenance
  20. 20. Visitor-based information and applications
  21. 21. Biodiversity informatics
  22. 22. Everyone loves maps!</li></ul>Arboretum Tour<br />Student Botanist<br />
  23. 23. Original Collection Maps<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Geo/Navigator maps created in 1989
  24. 24. Collections mapped by students over five years
  25. 25. Maps only contained relative locations
  26. 26. Software company is now out-of-business </li></ul>Geo/Navigator Collection Map<br />
  27. 27. IMLS Museums for America Grant<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Plant records to BG-BASE
  28. 28. Collection maps to Esri ArcGIS
  29. 29. $150,000 over two years
  30. 30. Student and staff salaries
  31. 31. GPS and computer equipment</li></ul>BG-BASE Software<br />T. Elliot Weier Redwood Grove GIS<br />
  32. 32. Equipment Considerations<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Volunteer and student labor
  33. 33. Tree canopy, bridges, and buildings
  34. 34. Measurement accuracy
  35. 35. Operating time
  36. 36. Purchase and maintenance costs</li></ul>Trimble Data Collection Equipment<br />
  37. 37. Equipment <br />Configuration<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Started with Trimble Pathfinder ProXRGPS (sub-meter)
  38. 38. Upgraded to Trimble Pathfinder ProXHGPS (sub-foot)
  39. 39. LaserCraftXLRic laser rangefinder
  40. 40. Trimble Nomad ruggedized PDA
  41. 41. Tripod and reflector pole</li></ul>Data Collection Equipment<br />
  42. 42. Software Environment<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Esri ArcPad 10
  43. 43. Trimble GPScorrect3.14
  44. 44. Esri ArcGIS Desktop (ArcInfo) 10
  45. 45. Trimble GPS Analyst 2.3
  46. 46. MapLogicLayout Manager 4</li></ul>Esri & Trimble Software<br />
  47. 47. Geodatabase Design<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Visited and discussed with other gardens and zoos
  48. 48. No existing GIS standard
  49. 49. Designed, tested, and revised based on institutional needs
  50. 50. Groundwork for data model project</li></ul>Geodatabase Diagrams<br />
  51. 51. Field Mapping<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Two mapping teams of two students
  52. 52. Equipment operator
  53. 53. Map maintenance and prism holder
  54. 54. Record plant center, accession number, taxonomy, growth habit, radius, and perimeter for masses
  55. 55. Map amenities, irrigation, utilities, signs, etc.</li></ul>GPS and Laser Rangefinder<br />2005 Field Mapping Team<br />
  56. 56. Post-Processing<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Import to geodatabase
  57. 57. Differential correction
  58. 58. Filter out inaccurate GPS positions
  59. 59. Verify geometry and attributes
  60. 60. Remap invalid features</li></ul>ArcGIS with GPS Analyst<br />Field Map<br />
  61. 61. Map Books<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Thomas Brother style map books
  62. 62. Overview, detail maps, and index
  63. 63. 1” = 20’ scale with 20’ grid
  64. 64. Grayscalefor reproduction
  65. 65. Realistic landscape plan symbols</li></ul>Shields Mound Section Overview<br />Shields Mound Section Detail<br />
  66. 66.
  67. 67.
  68. 68.
  69. 69. Collection Maps Online<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Esri ArcGIS Server 9.3.1
  70. 70. Customized web application
  71. 71. Plant searches and queries
  72. 72. Customizable print pages
  73. 73. Google Images and Scholar searches
  74. 74. Detailed user guide
  75. 75. http://gis.ucdavis.edu/ucdacm.aspx</li></ul>Collection Maps Web Application<br />Collection Maps Web Application<br />
  76. 76.
  77. 77. Collection Maps Online<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Requires little GIS experience
  78. 78. Reduces curation staff work load
  79. 79. Provides staff quick answers
  80. 80. Provides researchers powerful tools
  81. 81. Little overhead to maintain
  82. 82. Prototype for current web app project</li></ul>Collection Maps Web Application<br />Collection Maps Web Application<br />
  83. 83. Collection Maps Mobile<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Esri ArcPad on PDAs and smart phones
  84. 84. Staff can query, edit, and collect data
  85. 85. Esri ArcGIS Server applications for mobile phones
  86. 86. Staff can work with data and work orders
  87. 87. Visitors can view maps</li></ul>Esri ArcGIS for iOS<br />
  88. 88. GIS for Public Gardens<br />ArcGIS Public Garden <br />Data Model<br />
  89. 89. Enterprise GIS<br />
  90. 90. GIS at Public Gardens<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Mission to exhibit wildlife, educate visitors, conserve biodiversity, and perform scientific research
  91. 91. Range in sizes and operating budgets
  92. 92. GIS used to manage living collections, facilities, and perform research
  93. 93. Without a industry data model each institution needs to design their own GIS</li></ul>Living Collection Mapping<br />Animal Education<br />
  94. 94. What is a Data Model?<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>“…a description of the rules by which data is defined, organized, queried, and updated within an information system.”
  95. 95. Database schema
  96. 96. Practical template and starting point for implementing GIS projects
  97. 97. Over 30 industry models for ArcGIS</li></ul>GIS Data Model Diagrams<br />
  98. 98. IMLS Conservation Program Support Grant<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Design GIS standard for botanical gardens and zoos
  99. 99. Community build process
  100. 100. $230,000 over two years
  101. 101. $390,000 match from Esri
  102. 102. Salaries, travel, and software</li></ul>Project Partners<br />
  103. 103. Project Goals<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Create a free open source template with documentation for starting a GIS project
  104. 104. Light, Medium, and Extra Strength
  105. 105. Focused on features that provide the greatest benefit
  106. 106. Designed to work with plant records systems, not replace them</li></ul>Light, Medium, & Extra Strength<br />Linked Databases<br />
  107. 107. Design Process<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br />
  108. 108. Project Timeline<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Project planning meetings and community survey in Fall 2007
  109. 109. Conceptual & logical design meetings in Spring 2008
  110. 110. Physical design in Summer 2008
  111. 111. Alpha testing and review through Summer 2010
  112. 112. Beta testing and documentation in progress</li></ul>Technology Seminar<br />Online Survey<br />
  113. 113. Data Model Design<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Similar to modeling an entire city
  114. 114. Community survey indicated that plant records, base map, and facilities & infrastructure most important
  115. 115. Created base map and facilities & infrastructure foundation with basic plant collections module
  116. 116. Currently over 100 objects in model</li></ul>Data Model Diagram<br />
  117. 117.
  118. 118. Geodatabase Structure<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br />
  119. 119. Geodatabase Schema<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br />
  120. 120. Current Development<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Geoprocessing tools for data loading and common analyses
  121. 121. Beta Program to begin in March with five major institutional partners and numerous others
  122. 122. IMLS 21st Century MP Grant for GIS Training ($302K)
  123. 123. IMLS CPS Grant for Tree Assessment Module ($109K)</li></ul>Tree Assessment<br />GIS Training Workshop<br />
  124. 124. Tree Assessment Module<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Create GIS tools for health, hazard, and benefit assessment
  125. 125. Based on i-Tree and Neighbourwoods
  126. 126. Includes soil, water, and maintenance history data
  127. 127. Links to i-Tree Eco, i-Tree Streets, and other analysis models
  128. 128. Compatible with work order systems</li></ul>Tree Assessment<br />Ecosystem Services<br />
  129. 129. Project Partners<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br />Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University <br />Chicago Botanic Garden<br /> Missouri Botanical Garden <br />San Francisco Botanical Garden<br />Santa Barbara Botanical Garden <br />Smithsonian Gardens<br />Pukekura Park, New Zealand<br />UC Davis Arboretum<br />Zoological Society of San Diego<br />International Society of Arboriculture<br />USDA Forest Service <br />BG-BASE<br />
  130. 130. GIS for Public Gardens<br />GIS Web Application for Living Plant Collection Research<br />
  131. 131. Project Overview<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Develop a web-based mapping application for plant research
  132. 132. Both in situ and ex situ
  133. 133. Links Arboretum collections with herbaria, library, and internet biodiversity collections
  134. 134. Useful to staff, visitors, and researchers</li></ul>Prototype Web Application<br />Proposed Adobe Flex API Interface<br />
  135. 135. Project Details<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Build GIS based on ArcGIS Public Garden Data Model
  136. 136. Link with plant records system in BG-BASE
  137. 137. Design application interface and widgets using ArcGIS Adobe Flex API
  138. 138. Esri support for plant records link and application interface coding</li></li></ul><li>Project Deliverables<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Living plant collection GIS
  139. 139. GIS web application
  140. 140. Geoprocessing tools for collection analysis and research
  141. 141. Plant collection research case study
  142. 142. Web application template</li></ul>Living Plant Collection GIS<br />Geoprocessing Tool Result<br />
  143. 143. Landscape View of Hunnewell Visitor Center<br />
  144. 144. Hemlock Hill Plant Condition<br />
  145. 145. Occurrence Density of Sequoia sempervirens<br />
  146. 146. Expected Results<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Well tested and revised data model
  147. 147. ArcGIS – BG-Base connection
  148. 148. Web app template will simplify process of providing collection access
  149. 149. Ability to access multiple collections through one simple interface
  150. 150. Invaluable to plant biodiversity conservation efforts</li></ul>Arnold Arboretum GIS<br />Occurrences of S. sempervirens<br />
  151. 151. Ideas?<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Name an important spatial relationship for ex situ collections?
  152. 152. Name an important spatial relationships for in situ plants?
  153. 153. What are the most important spatial relationships to consider?
  154. 154. Which of these would you like to see as research tools?</li></ul>Arnold Arboretum GIS<br />Occurrences of S. sempervirens<br />
  155. 155. GIS for Public Gardens<br />Alliance for <br />Public Gardens GIS<br />
  156. 156. Alliance for Public Gardens GIS<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Consortium of collection managers from gardens and zoos
  157. 157. Promote and assist in the use of GIS for living collections management
  158. 158. Website under development at www.apgg.org
  159. 159. Google Group and LinkedIn group for community support
  160. 160. Develop GIS training resources</li></ul>APGG Website<br />APGG Google Group<br />
  161. 161.
  162. 162. Esri Grant Program<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>APGA Members
  163. 163. Esri ArcGIS, ArcPad, and extensions
  164. 164. Online training, live training, and books
  165. 165. Three years of software maintenance and support with renewal options
  166. 166. Free user conference registration</li></ul>Esri ArcGIS<br />Esri Training Website<br />
  167. 167. GIS Training for Museum Professionals<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Develop APGG website
  168. 168. Social networking site
  169. 169. Making the case for GIS materials
  170. 170. Guide to GIS book
  171. 171. Model volunteer program
  172. 172. Professional services program
  173. 173. Training videos
  174. 174. Training workshop</li></li></ul><li>Esri International <br />User Conference<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Plant conservation theme in 2008
  175. 175. Keynote address by Dr. Peter Raven
  176. 176. Main exhibit in Map Gallery Exhibit Hall featuring the data model
  177. 177. Attendance estimated at 15,000
  178. 178. APGG data model exhibit in 2009
  179. 179. Tree assessment presentation in 2010</li></ul>APGG Exhibit at Esri UC 2008<br />Nobel Peace Prize Winner<br />WangariMathai at Esri UC 2007<br />
  180. 180. APGG Summary<br />GIS for Public Gardens<br /><ul><li>Resources for getting funding
  181. 181. Esri software, training, and support
  182. 182. Data model, cartography, and web app templates
  183. 183. Specialized instructor-led and self-study training
  184. 184. Technical support and consulting services</li></li></ul><li>February 16, 2011<br />ABCD-GIS Meeting<br />Harvard University, Cambridge, MA<br />GIS for Public Gardens:<br />Tools & Techniques for<br />Collection Management & Research<br />Brian Morgan<br />Putnam Research Fellow<br />Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University<br />

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