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Railsgirls: Where did my HTML and CSS go

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So you converted you static website into a rails app. Where can you find your HTML and CSS now?

So you converted you static website into a rails app. Where can you find your HTML and CSS now?

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  • 1. Where did my HTML and CSS go? Brigitte Jellinek Railsgirls Munich Nov 30th 2013!
  • 2. You thought you knew about HTML and CSS
  • 3. But now that you are using Rails: where did the HTML and CSS go?
  • 4. Changes in HTML
  • 5. The Layout (for all pages) Cut up HTML One View (per page)
  • 6. Cut up and reassemble I'm embedded ruby and will produce html  /  /app/views  index.html  pages/info.html.erb  ideas.html  ideas/index.html.erb  layout/ application.html.erb
  • 7. Write all Links with link_to <h1>My Static Webpage</h1>! <p>it's full off important Tags!</p>! <p>also, it has a ! <a href="ideas.html">link to my ideas</a></p>! <h1>My Rails App</h1>! <p>It's running on rails now.</p>! <p>it still has a ! <%= link_to "link to my ideas", ideas_path %></p>!
  • 8. Links  link_to "text", "url"  link_to "all ideas", ideas_path  create all internal URLs with *_path
  • 9. rake routes $ rake routes! Prefix Verb root GET ideas GET new_idea GET edit_idea GET idea GET URI Pattern Controller#Action! / pages#info! /ideas(.:format) ideas#index! /ideas/new(.:format) ideas#new! /ideas/:id/edit(.:format) ideas#edit! /ideas/:id(.:format) ideas#show!  see all the URLs and names of routes  just add _path or _url to the prefix:  root_path, ideas_path, new_idea_path, ...  let Rails take care of URLs for you!
  • 10. Changes in CSS!
  • 11. Link to CSS with stylesheet_link_tag <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/bootstrap.css">! <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/style.css">! <%= stylesheet_link_tag "application", media: "all" %>! *= require_self! *= require_tree .!
  • 12. All my CSS files are magically exceedingly assembled into one file! clever way to enable caching
  • 13. The Asset Pipeline: Bigger Picture
  • 14. Use SASS .button_to, .button_to div, .button_to .btn { ! display: inline;! }! .button_to { ! &, div, .btn { ! display: inline;! }! }!
  • 15. Use SCSS .button_to, .button_to div, .button_to.and_this_class{ ! display: inline;! }! .button_to! &, div, &.and_this_class! display: inline!
  • 16. Summary  split up your html-files   one layout in app/views/layouts/   many views in app/views/   using ERB – embedded ruby inside <% %>  Convert all links   use link_to   never write URLs, use path-helpers instead  Move you CSS   to the asset pipline app/assets/stylesheets  Convert you CSS   to SASS, SCSS or LESS  Use all your knowledge of HTML Tags, CSS, ...   with tiny adjustments
  • 17. Learn more! Come to Salzburg   Summer University " for Women in IT: Aug25-Sep9 2014   Call for Lectures out soon!   Weekend-Courses in March + May   http://ditact.ac.at   Barcamp on Web Development March 14+15 2014   Every Oct and March   http://lanyrd.com/series/ barcamp-salzburg/
  • 18. Learn More! Come to Salzburg   Web Dev User group in Salzburg   BSc. Web Development   once a month   Austrian Public University " of Applied Science (FH)   Join us on http://meetup.com   MSc. Web Development   http://multimediatechnology.at
  • 19. Brigitte Jellinek http://brigitte-jellinek.at @bjelline brigitte.jellinek@fh-salzburg.ac.at