ADJECTIVES• Adjectives are words which describe nouns (things and people).• Adjectives in English usually go in front of the word they describe: We visited an old house.• There are many nouns in English which are used as adjectives: a diamond ring, a library book, strawberry jam
ADJECTIVE ORDER• When we use more than one adjective, we usually put them in a certain order. We say: a strange old wooden chair (NOT a wooden old strange chair)• We usually begin with adjectives which give an opinion or general impression: a dangerous old car, a valuable silver spoon
ADJECTIVE ORDER• Adjectives which give factual information usually follow the opinion/impression adjective. They go in this order: Size Age Shape Colour Origin Material Purposea big old red cara small oval French mirroran antique silver soup spoon
PUT THE ADJECTIVES IN BRACKETS IN THE CORRECT POSITION.1. a beautiful table (wooden/round)2. an unusual ring (gold)3. black gloves (leather)4. an American film (old)5. big clouds (black)6. a sunny day (lovely)7. an ugly dress (yellow)8. a red car (old/little)9. a new sweater (green/nice)10. a metal box (black/small)11. a little village (old/lovely)12. an old painting (interesting/French)
ADJECTIVE ENDING IN -ING AND -ED• Some common adjectives are formed from verbs and have both -ing and -ed forms.• We use the -ed form to describe our feelings: I’m tired. (= a description of how I feel)• We use the -ing form to describe the things which make us feel like this: This work is tiring. (= a description of the work)
ADJECTIVE ENDING IN -ING AND -ED• Compare these sentences: It’s a boring film. The visitors are bored. We had a relaxing holiday. The patient is completely relaxed. That was a very satisfying meal. The airline has many satisfied customers.
Underline the correct adjectives:1. James told us some fascinating/fascinated stories.2. Why do you look so depressed/depressing? What’s wrong?3. Sarah’s got an amazing/amazed collection of rock CDs.4. Felix has this really annoying/annoyed habit of reading my letters.5. The boring/bored students started causing trouble in class.6. I watched the show for a while, but it wasn’t really interesting/interested, so I left.7. As the football team came out onto the pitch, their exciting/excited fans went wild.8. The food in this canteen is absolutely disgusting/disgusted.
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVESADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEone syllable add -er add -eststrong stronger the strongestbig bigger the biggesttwo syllables, ending in -y drop -y and add -ier drop -y and add -iesttidy tidier the tidiestfunny funnier the funniesttwo/three/four syllables more... the most…famous more famous the most famousbeautiful more beautiful the most beautifulA few adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms: good better the best bad worse the worst far farther the farthestWhen things are equal we use as….as:Classical music is as popular as rock music with our customers.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES. USE A SUPERLATIVE OR A COMPARATIVE .1. We stayed at _____ (cheap) hotel in town.2. Our hotel was _____ (cheap) than all others in town.3. The United States is very large, but Canada is _____ (large).4. What’s _____ (small) country in the world?5. I wasn’t feeling well yesterday, but I feel a bit _____ (good) today.6. It was an awful day. It was _____ (bad) day of my life.7. What is _____ (popular) sport in your country?8. Everest is _____ (high) mountain in the world. It is _____ (high) than any other mountain.9. We had a great holiday. It was one of _____ (enjoyable) holidays we’ve ever had.10. I prefer this chair to the other one. It’s _____ (comfortable)11. What’s _____ (quick) way of getting from here to the station?12. Sue and Kevin have got three daughters. _____ (old) is 14.
ADVERBS• Adjectives (happy, beautiful) tell us about a noun. Adverbs (happily, beautifully) tell us about a verb, an adjective or another adverb. I feel happy. The children are playing happily. The weather is beautiful. She sings beautifully.• Adverbs give us information about time (when?), place (where?), manner (how?) and frequency (how often?).• Some adverbs are phrases: He’s arriving on Tuesday, so we’re meeting him at the station.
ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES EASILY CONFUSED• Some adjectives and adverbs have the same form: fast, hard, late, early, daily, weekly, monthly:Adjectives AdverbsHe caught the fast train. He ran fast to catch the train.He caught the early train. He always arrives early.She’s a hard worker. She works hard.The bus is always late. I arrived home late.My daily newspaper is 50p. I swim daily.
ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES EASILY CONFUSED• Hard and hardly are both adverbs but they have different meanings. Hardly means “almost not”: They hardly ever go on holiday. (= almost never) There was hardly anyone at the cinema. (= almost nobody)• Late and lately are both adverbs but they have different meanings. Lately means “recently”: I haven’t read any good books lately.• The adverb for good is well: It was a good concert. The musicians played well.
UNDERLINE THE CORRECT WORDS1. She stepped confident/confidently onto the stage.2. The meeting at lunchtime was a complete/completely waste of time.3. She did good/well in the exam and she won a prize.4. Max tried hard/hardly to make the hotel receptionist understand him, but his Spanish wasn’t fluent/fluently enough.5. After looking at the computer screen all day I had an awful/awfully headache.6. Even though Deborah did the job efficient/efficiently, they sacked her after two months.7. The doctor couldn’t understand why Carol felt so hot because her temperature was normal/normally.8. The boy behaved bad/badly on a school trip.