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  • 1. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Approach to Information and Agenda Communications Technology Skills Instruction Overview of Big6 process Higher-level thinking ESC Region 10 Plagiarism: Not in Region 10! April 19, 2010 April 19 2010 Strategies for implementation S i f i l i Presented by Barbara A. Jansen Chair, 1‐12 Instructional Technology and Library Services Upper School Librarian St. Andrew’s School, Austin, TX Slides and handouts available: http://bjansen.edublogs.org/presentations/ What is the Big6™? Who can use the Big6™ skills? Process Anyone. Specific skills Basic Themes Big6 process Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 1 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 2. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Big6™ Skills Overview 1. Task Definition 1. Task Definition • Each skill has two Determining the purpose and need for 2. Information Seeking subskills: information Strategies – The “Little 12” – 1.1 Define the task 3. Location & Access – 1.2 Determine the information needed to do the task 4. Use of Information ex. restate task in own words 5. Synthesis ex. determine appropriate task from problem 6. Evaluation ex. brainstorm a list of questions for information needed What do I need to do? Typical activities 2. Information Seeking Strategies Restate the task Use a wiki to collaborate with others on questions Examining alternative approaches to acquiring Define the requirements information Ask good questions – 2.1 Brainstorm all possible sources p Brainstorm related ideas – 2.2 Select best sources Understand oral directions ex. distinguish between free and fee-based Internet sources Determine a timeline and the order of tasks ex. consider investigation, survey, Determine an appropriate task from an information observation, and interview problem Write appropriate questions What can I use to find what I need? Typical activities 3. Location & Access Decide to use a library book or a web site Consider the need for sources outside the – 3.1 Locate sources library collection – 3.2 Access information Co s de vest gat o , su vey, observation, Consider investigation, survey, obse vat o , within the source and personal interviews as sources of information ex. use a Web directory Determine that getting information from a ex. find a library book person is necessary ex. Identify key and related words Decide to use images from the web Know when it is OK to use an encyclopedia Where can I find what I need? Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 2 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 3. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Typical activities 4. Use of Information Find materials on the shelf independently Access the appropriate information system (e.g. subscription Using a source to gain information databases, web sites, etc.) 4.1 Engage in the source (read, hear, view, touch) Know and use the parts of a book 4.2 Take out needed information Find a word in a dictionary using guide words and alphabetical order ex. cite sources Search by subject or keywords ex. take notes efficiently & effectively Use a search engine or a social bookmark service such as ex. interview a person for information del.icio.us Navigate through a subject directory such as KidsClick Use the advanced search features on a database What information can I use? Typical activities 5. Synthesis Read, listen, view, browse Select the main idea and supporting details Integrating information drawn from a variety Read carefully to find information to answer questions of sources Cite sources at point of use Use the “trash-n-treasure” note-taking method to identify and – 5.1 Organize information record factual information from a variety of sources Read graphs and understand visuals – 5.2 Communicate results Use senses to acquire information Summarize and paraphrase as needed ex. construct a bibliography Copy and paste limited words and phrases from a website into ex. make a presentation a word processing document, wiki, or NoodleBib ex. create results for an authentic audience Identify relevant information How can I put my information together? Typical activities 6. Evaluation Produce a rough draft Produce personally designed, appropriate media to communicate results Use the outlining feature in a word processor to organize Making judgments information from multiple sources based on a set of Create PowerPoint slide show p predetermined criteria Follow presentation guidelines when preparing for an oral presentation Present results that show a higher level of thinking than what was – 6.1 Evaluate the product found in the information resources Prepare a bibliography using Citation Machine or NoodleBib – 6.2 Evaluate the information problem- Use a digital camera to include an “About the Author” section in a solving process presentation Comply with copyright laws and Fair Use guidelines with the help of their librarian How will I know if I did well? Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 3 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 4. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Typical activities Check for understanding Assess the completeness of their work TD = Task Definition Think about the process they used ISS = Information Seeking Strategies Determine if they worked well in a group L&A = Location & Access Compare their final product and process UI = Use of Information against a set of predetermined standards S = Synthesis E = Evaluation #1 #2 1. _____ Choose between a Web site and a 1. _____ Type appropriate notes from the magazine for information on a recent current event. online encyclopedia. 2. _____ Interview a long-time community 2. _____ Write questions to be answered to resident on the history of the area. solve the information problem. 3. _____ Compare the final product to the 3. _____ Decide to use the online requirements of the assignment before submitting it to the teacher. encyclopedia. 4. _____ Create an Animoto slide show or a 4. _____ Type in and go to a specific video of customs in various communities. website address in an Internet browser. #3 1. _____ Download an image from a website into a folder on the hard drive. 2. _____ Draw a picture showing the results of a study of cell structure. structure 3. _____ Listen for appropriate information. 4. _____ Give credit to sources. Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 4 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 5. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 TAKS for Reading 10th TAKS for Writing TAKS for Social Studies Objective 1: The student will demonstrate an TAKS for Science understanding of issues and events in U.S. history. Objective 2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of geographic influences on historical issues and events. • Objective 1: Nature of science Objective 3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of economic and social influences on • Objective 2: Organization of living things historical issues and events. • Objective 3: Interdependence of organisms Objective 4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of political influences on historical • Objective 4: Structure and properties of matter issues and events. Objective 5: The student will use critical-thinking • Objective 5: Motion, forces and energy skills to analyze social studies information. TAKS for Math Deconstruction of unit Three groups… 1. Big6 step identification 2. List ELA TEKS (by number on back) Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 5 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 6. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Why bother with higher level thinking  Higher‐level Thinking through the Big6™? Evaluation “Empower learners to be Synthesis creative, critical, and y Analysis constructive users of Application information.” Comprehension —Ross Todd. “WWW, Critical Literacies and Learning Outcomes.” Teacher Librarian, Nov-Dec, 1998. Knowledge Plagiarism Research! Used with permission, OffTheMark.com, 2007. Image licensed from cartoonbank.com, 2005. Stop If you steal from one author, it’s Plagiarism plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research. Are students in ESC Region 10 area Wilson Mizner (1876–1933) U.S. dramatist, wit. schools plagiarizing? Quoted in The Legendary Mizners, ch. 4, Alva Johnson (1953). The Columbia World of Quotations. Copyright © 1996 Columbia University Press. Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 6 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 7. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Instructional Strategies Information Problem If the Board of Trustees of the Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum wants to add a section to the “Identity” exhibit to honor y notable women of Texas, which ones “Barbara Jordan.” Copyright © should they include? What is your 2002, 2003 LBJ School of Public Affairs. task? Elementary High School Grouping Big6 #1: Task Definition Big6 1.1 Why group? Why not? 1. Decide how you will group the kids Whole class: Brainstorming 1. How many groups (determined by subtopics) Learn about a notable women in Texas in order to present his or 2. How many students in a g p y group? her life and accomplishments to the Museum Board. 3. Who will be in each group? 2. Make a list of: 1. informational (fact-oriented) questions to which each group will need to find “answers” in order to do the project 2. questions that will require higher-level thinking and original ideas Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 7 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 8. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Your questions for the group may look like this: Task Definition 1.2 1. When was Barbara Jordan born? When did she die? 1. Separate class into groups according to the person they are studying 2. What was her childhood like? 3. What are some important things she did? 1. Students identify the information they need to find 4. Why were they considered important? “answers” in order to do the project 5. Why would she be considered a good citizen? 6th example 9th example 6. In what ways did she contribute to her community? 7. How did she influence our lives today? 2. 2 Your list 8. How might my life be different if Barbara Jordan had never 3. Note taking organizers for step #4 Use of been born? Information 9. What do you think it takes to be a good citizen in the U.S. today? 4. Higher-level questions: 10. Do you think Barbara Jordan would do anything differently additional page with space to record their responses. if she were alive today? Why or why not? Big6 #2: Information Seeking Strategies Prepare note taking organizer nBank.com, 2008. Student’s Name Topic Note Taking form Licensed from Cartoon Record best Back to L&A Back to TNT sources on chart What we want  students to  Web site evaluation understand… Check. Your. Sources. Sources (Susan E. Beck, New Mexico State University Library. Used with Licensed CartoonBank.com, 2008. permission.) Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 8 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 9. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Elementary web evaluation Middle and high school web evaluation http://www.crystalinks.com/e gyptafterlife.html Diane Lauer, 1999. Used with permission. Find Resources in Subscription Databases Big6 #3: Location & Access 3.1 Locate sources Traditional and electronic location skills Why? 3.2 3 2 Access information within sources TexShare databases Table of contents, index, searching within databases (2, 3), etc. Others your district or school purchases Reading for information Keyword and related word identification Types of Note Taking Big6 #4: Use of Information Citation 4.1 Read, engage, hear, view, etc. Summary 4.2 Take out needed information Paraphrase Citation Machine Quotation Stripling, Barbara K. and Pitts, Judy M. Brainstorms and Blueprints: Teaching Library Research as a Thinking Process. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1988, p. 116. Used with permission. Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 9 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 10. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Treasure Map Analogy  Trash‐n‐treasure note taking Electronic note taking Big6 #5: Synthesis “The notion that young people would critically and creatively process the information they find is perhaps the core of the information search process.” —Loertscher & Woolls, 1999. Final product should… Cautionary Statement of the Day Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 10 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 11. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Transferable Skills Image licensed from Cartoonbank.com, 2008. Composition TAKS Skills 1. Literary forms: Story, poem, myth, fable, tall tale, limerick, or play about his or her notable Facts about their topic (included inventor including… each time); 2. Information from knowledge level questions Cause and effect relationships; 3. Thoughtful responses to g p Problem and solution; ; higher-level questions Compare and contrast; 4. Turn in all notes Characters’ opinions; and drafts Logical sequence; Generalizations; and Logical conclusions. Breaking News… Big6 #6: Evaluation Costa & Kallick (1992, p. 280) If Minds Matter Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 11 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.
  • 12. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Plan a presentation… that motivates teachers to want to collaborate using Big6 with you. you “Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.” -B. F. Skinner bjansen@sasaustin.org library.sasaustin.org http://bjansen.edublogs.org/presentations/ Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission 12 granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only.