Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills 
Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, A...
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Richardson Reg102010

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Transcript of "Richardson Reg102010"

  1. 1. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 1 ESC Region 10 April 19 2010 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills Instruction April 19, 2010 Presented by Barbara A. Jansen Chair, 1‐12 Instructional Technology and Library Services Upper School Librarian St. Andrew’s School, Austin, TX Agenda Overview of Big6 process Higher-level thinking Plagiarism: Not in Region 10! S i f i l iStrategies for implementation Slides and handouts available: http://bjansen.edublogs.org/presentations/ What is the Big6™? Process Specific skills Who can use the Big6™ skills? Anyone. Basic Themes Big6 process
  2. 2. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 2 Big6™ Skills Overview 1. Task Definition 2. Information Seeking Strategies • Each skill has two subskills: – The “Little 12”Strategies 3. Location & Access 4. Use of Information 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation 1. Task Definition Determining the purpose and need for information – 1.1 Define the task – 1.2 Determine the information needed to do the task ex. restate task in own words ex. determine appropriate task from problem ex. brainstorm a list of questions for information needed What do I need to do? Typical activities Restate the task Use a wiki to collaborate with others on questions Define the requirements Ask good questionsAsk good questions Brainstorm related ideas Understand oral directions Determine a timeline and the order of tasks Determine an appropriate task from an information problem Write appropriate questions 2. Information Seeking Strategies Examining alternative approaches to acquiring information – 2.1 Brainstorm all possible sourcesp – 2.2 Select best sources ex. distinguish between free and fee-based Internet sources ex. consider investigation, survey, observation, and interview What can I use to find what I need? Typical activities Decide to use a library book or a web site Consider the need for sources outside the library collection Consider investigation, survey, observation,Co s de vest gat o , su vey, obse vat o , and personal interviews as sources of information Determine that getting information from a person is necessary Decide to use images from the web Know when it is OK to use an encyclopedia 3. Location & Access – 3.1 Locate sources – 3.2 Access information within the sourcewithin the source ex. use a Web directory ex. find a library book ex. Identify key and related words Where can I find what I need?
  3. 3. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 3 Typical activities Find materials on the shelf independently Access the appropriate information system (e.g. subscription databases, web sites, etc.) Know and use the parts of a book Find a word in a dictionary using guide words andFind a word in a dictionary using guide words and alphabetical order Search by subject or keywords Use a search engine or a social bookmark service such as del.icio.us Navigate through a subject directory such as KidsClick Use the advanced search features on a database 4. Use of Information Using a source to gain information 4.1 Engage in the source (read, hear, view, touch) 4.2 Take out needed information What information can I use? ex. cite sources ex. take notes efficiently & effectively ex. interview a person for information Typical activities Read, listen, view, browse Select the main idea and supporting details Read carefully to find information to answer questions Cite sources at point of use Use the “trash-n-treasure” note-taking method to identify and record factual informationrecord factual information Read graphs and understand visuals Use senses to acquire information Summarize and paraphrase as needed Copy and paste limited words and phrases from a website into a word processing document, wiki, or NoodleBib Identify relevant information 5. Synthesis Integrating information drawn from a variety of sources – 5.1 Organize information from a variety of sourcesfrom a variety of sources – 5.2 Communicate results ex. construct a bibliography ex. make a presentation ex. create results for an authentic audience How can I put my information together? Typical activities Produce a rough draft Produce personally designed, appropriate media to communicate results Use the outlining feature in a word processor to organize information from multiple sources Create PowerPoint slide show Follow presentation guidelines when preparing for an oral presentation Present results that show a higher level of thinking than what was found in the information resources Prepare a bibliography using Citation Machine or NoodleBib Use a digital camera to include an “About the Author” section in a presentation Comply with copyright laws and Fair Use guidelines with the help of their librarian 6. Evaluation Making judgments based on a set of predetermined criteriap – 6.1 Evaluate the product – 6.2 Evaluate the information problem- solving process How will I know if I did well?
  4. 4. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 4 Typical activities Assess the completeness of their work Think about the process they used Determine if they worked well in a group Compare their final product and process against a set of predetermined standards Check for understanding TD = Task Definition ISS = Information Seeking Strategies L&A= Location & Access UI = Use of InformationUI = Use of Information S = Synthesis E = Evaluation #1 1. _____ Choose between a Web site and a magazine for information on a recent current event. 2. _____ Interview a long-time community resident on the history of the area. 3. _____ Compare the final product to the requirements of the assignment before submitting it to the teacher. 4. _____ Create an Animoto slide show or a video of customs in various communities. #2 1. _____ Type appropriate notes from the online encyclopedia. 2. _____ Write questions to be answered to solve the information problem. 3. _____ Decide to use the online encyclopedia. 4. _____ Type in and go to a specific website address in an Internet browser. #3 1. _____ Download an image from a website into a folder on the hard drive. 2. _____ Draw a picture showing the results of a study of cell structurea study of cell structure. 3. _____ Listen for appropriate information. 4. _____ Give credit to sources.
  5. 5. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 5 TAKS for Reading 10th TAKS for Writing TAKS for Social Studies Objective 1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of issues and events in U.S. history. Objective 2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of geographic influences on historical issues and events. Objective 3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of economic and social influences on historical issues and events. Objective 4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of political influences on historical issues and events. Objective 5: The student will use critical-thinking skills to analyze social studies information. TAKS for Science • Objective 1: Nature of scienceObjective 1: Nature of science • Objective 2: Organization of living things • Objective 3: Interdependence of organisms • Objective 4: Structure and properties of matter • Objective 5: Motion, forces and energy TAKS for Math Deconstruction of unit Three groups… 1. Big6 step identification 2. List ELA TEKS (by number on back)
  6. 6. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 6 Higher‐level Thinking EvaluationEvaluation SynthesisSynthesis AnalysisAnalysisyy ApplicationApplication ComprehensionComprehension KnowledgeKnowledge Why bother with higher level thinking  through the Big6™? “Empower learners to be creative, critical, and constructive users ofconstructive users of information.” —Ross Todd. “WWW, Critical Literacies and Learning Outcomes.” Teacher Librarian, Nov-Dec, 1998. Image licensed from cartoonbank.com, 2005. Plagiarism Research! Used with permission, OffTheMark.com, 2007. If you steal from one author, it’s plagiarism; if you steal from many, it’s research. Wilson Mizner (1876–1933) U.S. dramatist, wit. Quoted in The Legendary Mizners, ch. 4, Alva Johnson (1953). The Columbia World of Quotations. Copyright © 1996 Columbia University Press. Plagiarism Are students in ESC Region 10 area Stop schools plagiarizing?
  7. 7. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 7 Instructional Strategies Information Problem If the Board of Trustees of the Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum wants to add a section to the “Identity” exhibit to honory notable women of Texas, which ones should they include? What is your task? “Barbara Jordan.” Copyright © 2002, 2003 LBJ School of Public Affairs. Elementary High School Big6 #1: Task Definition Big6 1.1 Whole class: Brainstorming Learn about a notable women in Texas in order to present his or her life and accomplishments to the Museum Board. Grouping Why group? Why not? 1. Decide how you will group the kids 1. How many groups (determined by subtopics) 2. How many students in a group?y g p 3. Who will be in each group? 2. Make a list of: 1. informational (fact-oriented) questions to which each group will need to find “answers” in order to do the project 2. questions that will require higher-level thinking and original ideas
  8. 8. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 8 1. When was Barbara Jordan born? When did she die? 2. What was her childhood like? 3. What are some important things she did? 4. Why were they considered important? 5. Why would she be considered a good citizen? 6. In what ways did she contribute to her community? Your questions for the group may look like this: 7. How did she influence our lives today? 8. How might my life be different if Barbara Jordan had never been born? 9. What do you think it takes to be a good citizen in the U.S. today? 10. Do you think Barbara Jordan would do anything differently if she were alive today? Why or why not? Task Definition 1.2 1. Separate class into groups according to the person they are studying 1. Students identify the information they need to find “answers” in order to do the project 6th example 9th example 2 Your list2. Your list 3. Note taking organizers for step #4 Use of Information 4. Higher-level questions: additional page with space to record their responses. Prepare note taking organizer Student’s Name Topic Note Taking form Back to TNTBack to L&A Big6 #2: Information Seeking Strategies nBank.com,2008. Record best sources on chart LicensedfromCartoon Check. Your. Sources Web site evaluation Sources. What we want  students to  understand… (Susan E. Beck, New Mexico State University Library. Used with permission.)Licensed CartoonBank.com, 2008.
  9. 9. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 9 Elementary web evaluation Diane Lauer, 1999. Used with permission. Middle and high school web evaluation http://www.crystalinks.com/e gyptafterlife.html Find Resources in Subscription Databases Why? TexShare databases Others your district or school purchases Big6 #3: Location & Access 3.1 Locate sources Traditional and electronic location skills 3 2 Access information within sources Reading for information Keyword and related word identification 3.2 Access information within sources Table of contents, index, searching within databases (2, 3), etc. Big6 #4: Use of Information 4.1 Read, engage, hear, view, etc. 4.2 Take out needed information Citation Machine Types of Note Taking Citation Summary Paraphrase Quotation Stripling, Barbara K. and Pitts, Judy M. Brainstorms and Blueprints: Teaching Library Research as a Thinking Process. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1988, p. 116. Used with permission.
  10. 10. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 10 Treasure Map Analogy  Trash‐n‐treasure note taking Electronic note taking Big6 #5: Synthesis “The notion that young people would critically and creatively process the information they find is perhaps the core of the information search process.” —Loertscher & Woolls, 1999. Cautionary Statement of the Day Final product should…
  11. 11. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 11 Transferable Skills Image licensed from Cartoonbank.com, 2008. Composition 1. Literary forms: Story, poem, myth, fable, tall tale, limerick, or play about his or her notable inventor including… 2. Information from knowledge level questions 3. Thoughtful responses tog p higher-level questions 4. Turn in all notes and drafts TAKS Skills Facts about their topic (included each time); Cause and effect relationships; Problem and solution;; Compare and contrast; Characters’ opinions; Logical sequence; Generalizations; and Logical conclusions. Breaking News… Big6 #6: Evaluation Costa & Kallick (1992, p. 280) If Minds Matter
  12. 12. Big6 Approach to Information and Communications Technology Skills  Teaching and Learning, ESC Region 10, Richardson, TX, April 19, 2010 Copyright 2010, Barbara A. Jansen. Big6 copyright 1987, Eisenberg & Berkowitz. These materials are copyrighted. They may not be used for profit or presentation or duplicated for any reason. Permission granted for use in K-12 classrooms and libraries only. 12 Plan a presentation… that motivates teachers to want to collaborate using Big6 with youBig6 with you. “Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.” -B. F. Skinner bjansen@sasaustin.org library.sasaustin.org http://bjansen.edublogs.org/presentations/

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