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Video Vocab 05 - Law 2: Court Cases
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Video Vocab 05 - Law 2: Court Cases

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This is the second in our 3-part Video Vocab series on the law. Today we focus on the vocabulary used to describe the actions and people involved in a court case.

This is the second in our 3-part Video Vocab series on the law. Today we focus on the vocabulary used to describe the actions and people involved in a court case.

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  • 1. Law 2: Court Cases Video Vocab 05
  • 2. Law Part 1: Basic Legal Terms Part 2: Court Cases Part 3: Commercial Law
  • 3. law ? Can you remember at least 3 areas of LAW
  • 4. law C _ v _ _ Law
  • 5. law C _ _ min _ _ Law
  • 6. law C _ _ tra _ _ Law
  • 7. law T _ _ _ Law
  • 8. law T _ _ _ _ Law
  • 9. law C _ _ sti _ _ t _ _ _ al Law
  • 10. law A _ min _ _ _ _ _ tive Law
  • 11. law I _ t _ _ nat _ _ n _ l Law
  • 12. law How many did you remember?
  • 13. civil law Part of the law that deals with disagreements between private individuals .
  • 14. criminal law Criminal law is a system of law concerned with crimes and the punishment of criminals .
  • 15. contract law Sets rules on agreements to buy and sell items and services.
  • 16. property law States the rights and obligations that a person has when they buy , sell or rent homes and buildings.
  • 17. trust law Sets out the rules for money that is put into an investment , such as pension funds.
  • 18. tort law Is used by people to make claims for compensation when someone hurts them or their property.
  • 19. constitutional law Sets the rules for how governments are run and civil rights .
  • 20. administrative law Is used by citizens when they want to challenge government decisions.
  • 21. international law Is used to set out rules on how countries interact in areas such as trade , environment or war .
  • 22. law ? Can you remember the definition of LAW
  • 23. law A system of rules that people are supposed to follow in a society or country.
  • 24. court cases What are the names of the people involved in a court case?
  • 25. trial Once a court case has been brought to court , we can say the trial has begun.
  • 26. trial
  • 27. trial A trial is the process of examining evidence and deciding if someone has broken the law .
  • 28. trial murder trial A trial of someone accused of killing another person. criminal trial A trial involving a criminal act. fraud trial A trial involving crimes related to financial and business dealings. collocations
  • 29. trial to be on trial A way of referring to the defendant when the trial is taking place. mistrial When a trial has to be stopped due to a problem with the proceedings. pretrial hearing A court session before the actual trial. collocations
  • 30. judge The person in charge of the trial .
  • 31. judge Responsible for the running of the trial .
  • 32. jury
  • 33. jury Members of the public (usually 12 ) who have been chosen to hear the case and decide if the defendant is guilty or innocent .
  • 34. defendant The person accused of a crime .
  • 35. guilty To be responsible for committing a crime .
  • 36. innocent To have done no wrong.
  • 37. charges A list of crimes the defendant is accused of.
  • 38. plea A statement by the defendant of whether they are guilty or innocent .
  • 39. court hearing
  • 40. evidence The facts related to a crime .
  • 41. witness People who might have seen the crime or have knowledge of it.
  • 42. testify A formal statement given in court by a witness under oath .
  • 43. retire To leave the court room and go to the jury room to decide the case .
  • 44. deliberate To discuss and consider the case with members of the jury .
  • 45. verdict The final decision in a trial.
  • 46. convict To declare that someone is guilty of a crime .
  • 47. sentence The punishment the defendant must do to pay for a crime .
  • 48. fine Money paid to the court if found guilty of crime .
  • 49. prison sentence Amount of time a guilty person must spend in jail .
  • 50. Become a Premium Member and access study notes and extra practice podcasts at: business english pod.com