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Dictionary skills (session 5)
 

Dictionary skills (session 5)

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    Dictionary skills (session 5) Dictionary skills (session 5) Presentation Transcript

    • Understanding Parts of Speech
      • Sometimes the author provides a hint of an unknown word by repeating the word which is related to each other – that is, they have the same base word but different functions or parts of speech.
      • Page 40-42, 50-52
    • Recognizing Similar Meanings but Different Parts of Speech
      • For example (p.50):
      • For many people, there seems to be no escape from poverty ; in other words, they are poor , and they have no hope that this will change.
      • There may be social ills when many people in a society have no money to buy necessities.
    • Understanding Parts of Speech (p. 41)
      • 2. create (v)
      • 3. crowd (v)
      • 4. differ (v)
      • 5. difficulty (n)
      • 6. efficiently (adv)
      • 7. polluted (adj)
      • 8. prediction (n)
      • 9. safe (adj)
      • 10. solution (n)
      • 11. worse (adv)
    • Understanding Parts of Speech (p. 42)
      • solution (n)/ solve (v)
      • pollution (n)/ pollutants (n)
      • crowds (n)/ crowded (a)
      • safe (adj)/ safely (adv)/ safety (n)
      • beautiful (adj)/ beautify (v)
      • predict (v)/ worse (adj)/ prediction (n)/ worsen (v)
      • differ (v)/ difference (n)/ differently (adv)/ different (adj)
      • efficient (adj)/ efficiently (adv)
    • Using Parts of Speech to Understand Vocabulary (p. 51)
      • 1. lift v. bring, carry, move up
      • 2. eradication n. elimination, removal , destruction
      • 3. subsidiary adj. side, minor, small, secondary, insignificant
      • 4. fund n. account, money
      • grant n. not loans, money given
      • 5. plow v. put, return, provide, give
    • Dictionary Skills
      • Getting to know your dictionary
      • Choosing the appropriate meaning
    • Pre-Questions
      • When do you use a dictionary?
      • What kind of information does it give you?
      • When reading English, do you use a monolingual or bilingual dictionary?
      • What are the advantages and disadvantages or a bilingual dictionary?
    • Getting to know your dictionary
      • Types of dictionary
      • Books
      • CD-ROMS
      • Internet
      • etc.
      http :// nhd . heinle . com / home . aspx
    • Getting to know your dictionary
      • Oxford
      • Longman
      • Collins Cobuild
      • Merriam Webster
      • Penguin (i.e. Thesaurus)
      • So Setthabhut
      Recommended dictionaries:
    • Getting to know your dictionary A dictionary provides not only the meaning of a word but also gives its spelling , pronunciation , functions , and etc.
    • What are in a dictionary?
      • Source of various kinds of information
          • Words
          • Spelling
          • Pronunciation
          • (Phonetic symbols, BrE. and AmE.)
          • Definitions/ meanings
          • Grammar
          • Example sentences and use
          • Pictures
          • Appendices
      Getting to know your dictionary
      • Example
      • Terms
      • Abbreviations
      • Typefaces
      • Symbols
      Getting to know your dictionary In order to use a dictionary effectively and quickly we need to know some important parts such as:
      • Entry
      • Headword
      • Definition
      • Example
      • Part of speech
      • Compound word
      Getting to know your dictionary Terms headword + headword
    • Getting to know your dictionary Abbreviations
      • Most words in English have more than one meaning and many have several parts of speech (functions).
      Why choose the appropriate meaning? Choosing the appropriate meaning
    • How to choose the appropriate meaning? Choosing the appropriate meaning 1. Look at the context in which the word appears. the part that comes before or after a word, phrase, statement , etc and help reader determine the appropriate function and meaning of the word fair & legal
      • Everyone wants a clean and honest election.
      • Gene always has the cleanest desk in the office.
      • He's been asked to tell some jokes in his speech but he's got to keep it clean .
      • Our hotel room was lovely and clean .
      not dirty not offensive Free of disease
      • not dirty
      • fair & legal
      • not offensive
      • free of disease
    • Choosing the appropriate meaning 2. Know what part of speech it is? I left my bag on that round table. It’s your round , Tom. Jenny rounded her lips. adj. noun verb The plan looks good at the moment. If you have a good look , you can just see the white house. verb noun I’m reading a great book by Graham Greene. We need to book well in advance before Christmas. noun verb Your life changes completely when you have a baby. I have noticed some big changes in Louis since she got married. verb noun
    • Choosing the appropriate meaning Dictionary gives not only the meaning of a word but also the meaning of idiomatic phrase (idiom) / expression . In a dictionary, idioms are shown at their important word . i.e. have egg on your face (You must look up the word “egg”.) have a nice day (You must look up the word “nice”.) a group of words that has a special meaning that is different from the ordinary meaning of each separate word. For example, 'under the weather' is an idiom meaning 'ill'.
    • Work on the supplementary exercise!!