Sarah Bernhardt French actress (1844-1923) Disabled by a knee injury, her leg amputated in 1914, she continued starring on stage until just before her death. She is regarded as France's greatest actress -- "The Divine Sarah".
2. "Guidance is the help given by one person to another in making choices and adjustments and in solving problems". Further it aims at aiding the recipient to grow in his independence, the ability "to be responsible for himself."
As a concept guidance is concerned with the optimal development of the individual, educational, vocational, personal, social, moral, physical both. For his own satisfaction and for the benefit of the society.
As a process , it includes the gathering of substantive knowledge of the development characterization of an individual.
Bringing about desired changes in the individual for self realization.
Providing assistance to solve problem through an intimate personal relationship.
The objectives of Counseling are to enable client / recipient
To achieve Positive Mental Health.
Resolve their problems.
Improve Personal Effectiveness.
Maximize individual freedom to choose & set within the conditions imposed by the environment.
Difference between guidance and counseling "Counseling is the helping relationship that includes some one seeking help, someone is willing to give help who is capable or trained to help . " 1. Guidance is a process of dynamic & interpersonal relationship designed to influences the attitudes & subsequent behavior of the person. Counseling Guidance
Difference between guidance and counseling In counseling information is given to solve the problem . 2. Guidance is an organized service to identify and develop the potentialities of pupils comprehensive information about all the clients is collected in the help of different test, tools, and resources, recorded. This information is communicated to the individual to help than to understand themselves and for their all round personality of development.
Difference between guidance and counseling Counseling requires special setup a room to conduct. 5. Guidance may be given in any normal set up. Counseling requires a high level skill as well as special professional training. 4. Guidance may be done by any guidance workers. Counseling is curative or therapeutic, developmental and remedial. 3. Guidance is preventive, and developmental.
Difference between guidance and counseling In counseling decision-making operates at emotional levels. 7. In guidance decision-making operates at intellectual levels Counseling is needed in all the fields. 6. Guidance is an integral part of education and assists it in fulfilling its aims.
Aim at enabling recipient to acquire abilities which promote self direction and self-realisation.
Development of good qualities such as perseverance, dedication, sincerity, devotion. Positive outlook respect for views of others, temperament which are essential to them for making significant contributions.
Enable clients to make substantial contributions to the society, assume leadership, conform to the social norms, work as team members, develop healthy and positive attitudes, appreciate problems of society
Counseling is a personal meeting of two individuals the counselor who assists in analyzing and understanding the problem and counselee is one, who has a problem and needs assistance in arriving at a solution to the same.
Problems which may arise in Counseling Sessions
Resistance to counseling.
Counseling individuals of different cultures.
Counseling individuals with strong emotions
Counselor burn out
Lack of awareness of value of counseling by public
Inadequate administrative support
Inadequate physical facilities
Non availability of tools and tests.
Lack of counselors knowledge &. skills
Lack of environment and communication facilities.
What Is the Difference Between Counseling and Psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy" and "counseling" are terms that are often used interchangeably. Although they are very similar, there are some subtle differences as well.
Technically speaking, "counselor" means "advisor". It involves two people working together to solve a problem. It is a term that is used in conjunction with many types of advice giving. For example, financial planning and spiritual guidance 'are both types of counseling. Just about anyone at all may claim to be a counselor if they are in the role of giving advice. The term counseling may also properly be used to refer to what occurs in a relationship with a psychotherapist
In the context of mental health, "counseling" is generally used to denote a relatively brief treatment that is focused most upon behavior. It often targets a particular symptom or problematic situation and offers suggestions and advice for dealing with it.
"Psychotherapy" on the other hand is generally a longer term treatment which focuses more on gaining insight into chronic physical and emotional problems. It's focus is on the patient's thought processes and way of being in the world rather than specific problems.
In actual practice there may be quite a bit of overlap between the two. A therapist may provide counseling with specific situations and a counselor may function in a psychotherapeutic manner. Generally speaking, however, psychotherapy requires more skill than simple counseling. It is conducted by professionals trained to practice psychotherapy such as a psychiatrist, a trained counselor, social worker or psychologist. While a psychotherapist is qualified to provide counseling, a counselor mayor may not possess the necessary training and skills to provide psychotherapy.