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New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
New guidence and counselling
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New guidence and counselling

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  • 1. GUIDED BY:- MR. Sanjay Sevak LECTURER (B.V.U.C.O.N.) PRESENTED BY :- MR. Ashish Gautam 2 ND Yr. M. Sc. NURSING
  • 2. <ul><li>According to Jones, Everyone needs assistance at some times in his life; some will need it constantly and throughout their lives, while others need it only at rare intervals at times of great crisis. </li></ul>
  • 3. Counseling Indian Facts <ul><li>Counseling has not yet achieved professional status in India. Very few professionally trained personnel are available. </li></ul>
  • 4. The world&apos;s most famous disabled people <ul><li>The world&apos;s most famous disabled people....let me know if I have missed any out! </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein </li></ul><ul><li>The Mathematician/Physicist who had a learning disability and did not speak until age 3. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell Had a learning disability </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington Had a learning disability. He could barely write and had very poor grammar skills. </li></ul>The world&apos;s most famous disabled people
  • 6. The world&apos;s most famous disabled people <ul><li>Sudha Chandran (Indian actress and classical dancer) This brave lady dances with a Jaipur foot. </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson U.S. President from 1913-1921. Had a learning disability - he was severely dyslexic </li></ul>
  • 7. The world&apos;s most famous disabled people <ul><li>Sarah Bernhardt French actress (1844-1923) Disabled by a knee injury, her leg amputated in 1914, she continued starring on stage until just before her death. She is regarded as France&apos;s greatest actress -- &amp;quot;The Divine Sarah&amp;quot;. </li></ul>
  • 8. The world&apos;s most famous disabled people <ul><li>ALI Mohammad , </li></ul><ul><li>1942-present, (neuromuscular) American heavyweight boxing champion. As an adult was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>DA VINCI Leonardo , </li></ul><ul><li>1452-1519, (dyslexia) (epilepsy), One of the greatest painters and most versatile geniuses in history. </li></ul>The world&apos;s most famous disabled people
  • 10. The world&apos;s most famous disabled people <ul><li>Tom Cruise </li></ul><ul><li>(Hollywood Star): is severely dyslexic </li></ul>
  • 11. Meaning of the term Guide:- <ul><li>To Indicate. </li></ul><ul><li>To Point out. </li></ul><ul><li>To Show the way. </li></ul><ul><li>To Lead. </li></ul><ul><li>To direct. </li></ul><ul><li>To seek. </li></ul>
  • 12. DEFINITION :- <ul><li>1. &amp;quot;Guidance is a process of dynamic and interpersonal relationship designed to influences the attitudes and subsequent behavior of a person.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li> ------ BY [GOOD] </li></ul>
  • 13. DEFINITION :- <ul><li>2. &amp;quot;Guidance is the help given by one person to another in making choices and adjustments and in solving problems&amp;quot;. Further it aims at aiding the recipient to grow in his independence, the ability &amp;quot;to be responsible for himself.&amp;quot; </li></ul><ul><li>------ BY JONE [1971]. </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Guidance is both a concept and process . </li></ul><ul><li>As a concept guidance is concerned with the optimal development of the individual, educational, vocational, personal, social, moral, physical both. For his own satisfaction and for the benefit of the society. </li></ul><ul><li>As a process , it includes the gathering of substantive knowledge of the development characterization of an individual. </li></ul>
  • 15. Definition Counseling <ul><li>Counseling is the helping relationship, that include: some one seeking help, someone wiling to give help who is capable or trained to help, in a setting that permits help to given and received. </li></ul><ul><li>------ BY CORMIER &amp; HACKNEY [1987]. </li></ul>
  • 16. Counseling is aimed at <ul><li>Bringing about desired changes in the individual for self realization. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing assistance to solve problem through an intimate personal relationship. </li></ul>
  • 17. The objectives of Counseling are to enable client / recipient <ul><li>To achieve Positive Mental Health. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolve their problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Personal Effectiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize individual freedom to choose &amp; set within the conditions imposed by the environment. </li></ul>
  • 18. Difference between guidance and counseling &amp;quot;Counseling is the helping relationship that includes some one seeking help, someone is willing to give help who is capable or trained to help . &amp;quot; 1. Guidance is a process of dynamic &amp; interpersonal relationship designed to influences the attitudes &amp; subsequent behavior of the person. Counseling Guidance
  • 19. Difference between guidance and counseling In counseling information is given to solve the problem . 2. Guidance is an organized service to identify and develop the potentialities of pupils comprehensive information about all the clients is collected in the help of different test, tools, and resources, recorded. This information is communicated to the individual to help than to understand themselves and for their all round personality of development.
  • 20. Difference between guidance and counseling Counseling requires special setup a room to conduct. 5. Guidance may be given in any normal set up. Counseling requires a high level skill as well as special professional training. 4. Guidance may be done by any guidance workers. Counseling is curative or therapeutic, developmental and remedial. 3. Guidance is preventive, and developmental.
  • 21. Difference between guidance and counseling In counseling decision-making operates at emotional levels. 7. In guidance decision-making operates at intellectual levels Counseling is needed in all the fields. 6. Guidance is an integral part of education and assists it in fulfilling its aims.
  • 22. Scope / Purposes of Guidance and Counseling <ul><li>Aimed at assisting the client to draw up their own plans and find solutions to the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Help the individual to realize his potentialities and to make optimum contribution to the growth of the society. </li></ul><ul><li>Help the person to solve his own problems and make proper choice and adjustment. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim as providing assistance to the nurse as a guide or Counsellor in their efforts to understand their clients. </li></ul>
  • 23. <ul><li>Aim at enabling recipient to acquire abilities which promote self direction and self-realisation. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of good qualities such as perseverance, dedication, sincerity, devotion. Positive outlook respect for views of others, temperament which are essential to them for making significant contributions. </li></ul>
  • 24. Principles of Guidance and Counseling <ul><li>Guidance and counseling is a professional activity based on certain well accepted principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling is unique to an individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling is concerned with total individual. </li></ul><ul><li>It is always goal directed and goal oriented. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a Professional Activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling is based on a thorough knowledge of characteristics of the stages of human growth and development. </li></ul>
  • 25. <ul><li>Guidance and counseling is meant for all those who need to help. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling is not specific to any state of development. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and counseling is a continuous process </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling should be based on reliable data. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and Counseling should have a flexible approach </li></ul>
  • 26. Types of Guidance HEALTH EDUCATIONAL PERSONAL AVOCATIONAL SOCIAL TYPES OF GUIDANCE VOCATIONAL
  • 27. Educational Guidance <ul><li>Guidance to the clients in all aspects of education. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Assistance to perform satisfactorily in the academic works. </li></ul><ul><li>Chose appropriate course for the study. </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming learning difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>Improves levels of motivation. </li></ul>
  • 28. Vocational Guidance <ul><li>Assistance provided for selection of a vocation and preparation for same. </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with enabling clients to acquire information about career opportunities, career growth and training facilities. </li></ul>
  • 29. Personal Guidance <ul><li>Guidance to clients to enable them to adjust themselves to their environment so that they become efficient citizens. </li></ul>
  • 30. Social Guidance <ul><li>Enable clients to make substantial contributions to the society, assume leadership, conform to the social norms, work as team members, develop healthy and positive attitudes, appreciate problems of society </li></ul>
  • 31. Avocational Guidance <ul><li>The assistance to be provided to clients to spend their available leisure time profitably such as games, photography drama, fine arts which have recreational value. </li></ul>
  • 32. Health Guidance <ul><li>Implies the assistance rendered to clients for maintaining sound health. </li></ul>
  • 33. Why there is need of guidance (Need / Importance of Guidance.) <ul><li>Complex nature of society- Economic, social and political systems, consumption, production, distribution and exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare state and the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Changed industrial and educational patter of country. </li></ul><ul><li>Changed economic pattern of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of Human energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience for good citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual development. </li></ul>
  • 34. Guidance is useful in <ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Telling various fields </li></ul><ul><li>Great insight </li></ul><ul><li>Self guidance </li></ul><ul><li>For counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Self development </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to success </li></ul><ul><li>Plan wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Telling individuals difficulties with help of psychological test. </li></ul>
  • 35. Characteristics of Guidance <ul><li>It is a process. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a continuous process. </li></ul><ul><li>Choice and problem points are the distinctive concerns of guides. </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance to develop capacity for self direction, </li></ul><ul><li>self guidance and self improvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Services meant for all. </li></ul><ul><li>Generalized specialized services. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Help. </li></ul>
  • 36. Tests Used to identify client’s problems <ul><li>It is usually done by psychological and performance test </li></ul><ul><li>1} Achievement Test </li></ul><ul><li>2} Aptitude Test </li></ul><ul><li>3} Intelligence Test </li></ul><ul><li>4} Interest Inventories </li></ul>
  • 37. Approach to problem solving in guidance
  • 38. Phases of Counseling <ul><li>The counseling process will takes place in accordance with the nature of the person being helped. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Setting goals </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Termination and Follow-Up. </li></ul>
  • 39. Who’s Who in counseling <ul><li>Counseling is a personal meeting of two individuals the counselor who assists in analyzing and understanding the problem and counselee is one, who has a problem and needs assistance in arriving at a solution to the same. </li></ul>
  • 40. Types of Counseling <ul><li>Directive counseling [counselor directed approach] </li></ul><ul><li>In-directive counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Eclectic Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Group Counseling </li></ul>
  • 41. Tools for Collecting Information in counseling <ul><li>Non-Testing tools [other than psychological Tools] </li></ul><ul><li>- Interview </li></ul><ul><li>- Observation </li></ul><ul><li>- Anecdotal Tools </li></ul><ul><li>- Cumulative record card </li></ul><ul><li>- Problem/Interest Checklist </li></ul><ul><li>- Rating Scales </li></ul><ul><li>- Sociemetry </li></ul>
  • 42. Attributes / Skills required for the counselor. <ul><li>To accomplish the phases of counseling effectively, the counselor needs to demonstrate certain attitudes, skills and knowledge. </li></ul>
  • 43. Pre-Training Attributes- <ul><li>Self-awareness and understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Good psychological health </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Open mindedness </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Trustworthiness </li></ul><ul><li>Approachability </li></ul>
  • 44. Inter Training Attributes - <ul><li>Interview setting and getting started </li></ul><ul><li>Problem focus </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying an important theme </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on a theme </li></ul><ul><li>Directing a theme towards a goal </li></ul><ul><li>Managing interactions with the individual </li></ul>
  • 45. Problems which may arise in Counseling Sessions <ul><li>Resistance to counseling. </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling individuals of different cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling individuals with strong emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Counselor burn out </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness of value of counseling by public </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate administrative support </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate physical facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Non availability of tools and tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of counselors knowledge &amp;. skills </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of environment and communication facilities. </li></ul>
  • 46. What Is the Difference Between Counseling and Psychotherapy? <ul><li>Psychotherapy&amp;quot; and &amp;quot;counseling&amp;quot; are terms that are often used interchangeably. Although they are very similar, there are some subtle differences as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Technically speaking, &amp;quot;counselor&amp;quot; means &amp;quot;advisor&amp;quot;. It involves two people working together to solve a problem. It is a term that is used in conjunction with many types of advice giving. For example, financial planning and spiritual guidance &apos;are both types of counseling. Just about anyone at all may claim to be a counselor if they are in the role of giving advice. The term counseling may also properly be used to refer to what occurs in a relationship with a psychotherapist </li></ul>
  • 47. <ul><li>In the context of mental health, &amp;quot;counseling&amp;quot; is generally used to denote a relatively brief treatment that is focused most upon behavior. It often targets a particular symptom or problematic situation and offers suggestions and advice for dealing with it. </li></ul><ul><li>&amp;quot;Psychotherapy&amp;quot; on the other hand is generally a longer term treatment which focuses more on gaining insight into chronic physical and emotional problems. It&apos;s focus is on the patient&apos;s thought processes and way of being in the world rather than specific problems. </li></ul>
  • 48. <ul><li>In actual practice there may be quite a bit of overlap between the two. A therapist may provide counseling with specific situations and a counselor may function in a psychotherapeutic manner. Generally speaking, however, psychotherapy requires more skill than simple counseling. It is conducted by professionals trained to practice psychotherapy such as a psychiatrist, a trained counselor, social worker or psychologist. While a psychotherapist is qualified to provide counseling, a counselor mayor may not possess the necessary training and skills to provide psychotherapy. </li></ul>
  • 49. Hotline:- <ul><li>A telephone line maintained by a trained personnel for purpose of providing crisis intervention. There are voluntary organizations in India providing such services. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahai Helpline </li></ul><ul><li>The telephone no. is </li></ul><ul><li>+91 80 2549 7777. </li></ul>
  • 50. &nbsp;

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