DEFINE AND INDEFINE ARTICLES LESSON #1 PROF. BEATRIZ MONTES
Introduction• In this course the students are learning English as a second language. It develops the fundamental grammar comprehension through explanations and variety of application exercises in order to lead them to communicative performances when speaking and writing as well as understanding the language in listening and reading activities. This course promotes vocabulary acquisition, especially that within the students’ technological area, computer field and daily life.
Note: To the students• Before you continue the skill of this lesson you have to answer the pre-test.
Pre test #1• EXERCISE: Complete the sentences. Use the.• The is the define article.• 1._____ bicycle is new.• 2._____ books are on ____shelf.• 3. _____ jewelry is in ____box.• 4.______ necklace is beautiful.• 5.______ sun is hot.
Objectives• Explain how to use the correct word order in a sentence.• To define how to enrich their vocabulary words in English.• Explain how to capitalize words correctly in a sentence.• Explain how to use punctuate sentences correctly in a sentence.
SKILL : USING THE• A speaker uses the when the speaker and the listener have the same thing or person in mind.• The shows that a noun is specific.• In (a): Both A and B have the same kitchen in mind.• (a) A: Where’s David?• B: He’s in the kitchen.
USING THE• In (b): when B say “the apple, “ both A and B have the same apple in mind.• (b) A: I have two pieces of fruit for us, an apple and a banana.• Which do you want?• B: I’d like the apple, thank you.
USING THE• In (c) : Both A and B are thinking of the same sky (there is only one sky for them to think of) and the same sun (there is only one sun for them to think of).• (c) A: It’s a nice summer day today. The sky is blue. The sun is hot. B: Yes, I really like summer.
USING THE• The is used with: – Singular count nouns, as in (d). – Plural count nouns , as in (e). – Non count nouns, as in (f). In other words, the is used with each of the three kinds of nouns. (d) Mike has a pen and a pencil. The pen is blue. The pencil is yellow.
SKILL: USING THE• (e) Mike has some pens and pencils.• The pens are blue.• The pencils are yellow.• (f) Mike has some rice and some cheese.• The rice is white.• The cheese is yellow.
USING THE• Notice in the examples: the speaker is using the for the second mention of a noun. when the speaker mentions a noun for a second time, both the speaker and listener are now thinking about the same thing. – First mention: I have a pen. – Second mention: The pen is blue.
EXERCISE #1• Work • Instruction: – Go to the content with the article the and do exercise #1.
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