Open access full (april 2013) web 2

1,154 views
1,264 views

Published on

Introduction to Open Access (Post Finch Report). Part 1 of a series of short 2-3 minute presentations

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,154
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
809
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Also...Knowledge as a public good, restricted in private hands...... an ineffective and out-dated publishing system penalises the less wealthy
  • ... Also the ‘self-interest’ argument for researchers. If their institutions can’t afford the resources, they won’t have access. Or they could provide access, but cut financial resources for researchers elsewhere.
  • http://www.economist.com/node/21545974http://www.informa.com/documents/INF2570%20AR10%20cover%20AW05.pdf (p19 of annual report and financial statement 2010)
  • http://www.economist.com/node/21545974http://www.informa.com/documents/INF2570%20AR10%20cover%20AW05.pdf (p19 of annual report and financial statement 2010)
  • The situation is even worse in the developing world, where journal subscription prices mean that many institutions simply cannot afford access to up-to-date research.
  • This is the main issue for me when I come to discuss with academics.Financial and library subscriptions – they understand, but it just doesn’t seem to have the big catch.The ethical argument most understand, but I’ve found leads to further side-tracking discussions… and I did chicken out of raising this in my discussion with our philosophers who were already in a spikey mood.
  • ... Also the ‘self-interest’ argument for researchers. If their institutions can’t afford the resources, they won’t have access. Or they could provide access, but cut financial resources for researchers elsewhere.
  • Open access full (april 2013) web 2

    1. 1. Why is Open Accessimportant?Part 2 of “Open Access: What, why,how and recent developments”james.bisset@durham.ac.uk
    2. 2. why?
    3. 3. the publicfundingargument
    4. 4. Ethical argument for OA“the results ofresearch that hasbeen publiclyfunded should befreely accessiblein the publicdomain.”
    5. 5. the financialargument
    6. 6. ... in many cases...• a researcher does the research• a researcher writes the output• a researcher offers their services for peerreview…. for free
    7. 7. ... in many cases...• a researcher does the research• a researcher writes the output• a researcher offers their services for peerreview…. for free• the publisher offers some proofing andformatting and then puts it on the web.
    8. 8. ... in many cases...• the publisher then charges theresearchers* to access the research theyhave conducted, written and peer-reviewed.* (through library budgets or pay-to-view charges)
    9. 9. “journal prices have risen fourtimes faster than inflation sincethe mid-1980s”Peter Suber, Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College and Director of theHarvard Open Access Project, quoting research conducted from ARL Statistics 2005-06, Association of Research Libraries, Washington, D.C.
    10. 10. According to The Economist,Elsevier made $1.1 billion in profitin 2010 for a profit margin of 36%.Taylor & Francis’s reported theirown profit margin of 25% in their2010 Annual report“The Price of information” Economist Feb. 4th 2012 .http://www.economist.com/node/21545974p19 of Taylor and Francis’s annual report and financial statement 2010,http://www.informa.com/documents/INF2570%20AR10%20cover%20AW05.pdf
    11. 11. 2010 Operating Profit Margins“Why have so many academics decided to boycott Elsevier”http://www.slideshare.net/scottsne/ecvp2012symposiumslideshareTesco 5%News Corp 7%BMW 12%Coca Cola 22%Apple 35%Elsevier 36%
    12. 12. Journal price inflation
    13. 13. What about scholarly societies?• Many scholarly societies rely on a significant proportionof their income from their journal subscriptions.• This money is then used to support initiatives such aspostdoctoral fellowships.• These are good causes – but not publishing costs.• In effect, these causes are subsidised through studentfees and research funding via library budgets.• This is a question of rethinking the business model of howscholarly societies are funded, and should not be aboutrestricting access to research.http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2013/03/12/making-open-access-and-the-uks-scholarly-society-work/
    14. 14. thetechnology & innovationargument
    15. 15. technology enables......unrestricted onlinedissemination...... opens up potential ofaccess and re-use...
    16. 16. ... increasingvisibility, reducing barriersto usage...
    17. 17. ... increasing visibility,reducing barriers to usage...... maximising potentialimpact.
    18. 18. “Open Access enlarges your audienceand citation impact… Studies in manyfields show a correlation between OAand citation-count increases.”Peter Suber, Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College and Director of theHarvard Open Access Project
    19. 19. the stick
    20. 20. Many funders, including the UKResearch Councils, theWellcome Trust and theEuropean Commission requireresearch outputs are madeopen access as a condition offunding.
    21. 21. HEFCE are consulting with theacademic and publishingcommunities on requiringoutputs submitted to the REFpost-2014 to be Open Access.
    22. 22. Image Credits[4] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by WhatDaveSees: Originalavailable here[3] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Carol VanHook: Originalavailable here[5] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Richard Cocks: Originalavailable here[11] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Photo Extremist: Originalavailable here[10] Created using http://photofunia.com/[16] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Creative Tools: Originalavailable here

    ×