Open Access: What, why, how and recent developments

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Presentation for Research Office and Research Administrators 2012

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Open Access: What, why, how and recent developments

  1. 1. Open Access what it is...... and what is happening.
  2. 2. Outline what, why, how...... recent developments... ... Durham activities.
  3. 3. what?
  4. 4. What is OpenAccess?
  5. 5. What is OpenAccess?An article that isOpen Accesscan befreely accessedby anyonein the worldusing an internetconnection.
  6. 6. no subscription... ...no login or password
  7. 7. why?
  8. 8. the ethicalargument
  9. 9. “the results of argument for OA Ethicalresearch that hasbeen publiclyfunded should befreely accessiblein the publicdomain.”
  10. 10. the financialargument
  11. 11. S U [often] Unpaid B JournalResearcher S Researcher C Publisher R I P T I O N P Does the Peer A Publishes content.research. Review. Y Charges researcher (andWrites the public) to access the W article. A article they have written L (and funded) L
  12. 12. Journal price inflation
  13. 13. thetechnology & innovationargument
  14. 14. technology enables...
  15. 15. technology enables... ...unrestricted online dissemination...
  16. 16. technology enables... ...unrestricted online dissemination...... opens up potential ofaccess and re-use...
  17. 17. ... increasing visibility, reducing barriers to usage...
  18. 18. ... increasing visibility, reducing barriers to usage...... maximising potential impact.
  19. 19. Online becomes free Please touch
  20. 20. how?
  21. 21. Routes to Open Accss main Three routes to open access
  22. 22. Green Open Access Green Open Access (self archiving)author publishes in a journal...
  23. 23. Green Open Access Green Open Access (self archiving)author publishes in a journal...... then deposits a version ofthe article in an open accessrepository.
  24. 24. deposit may follow Green periodan embargo Open Accessset by thepublisher...
  25. 25. deposit may follow an Green Open Accessembargo period set bythe publisher...... versiondeposited isnormally anauthor ’s finalpeer-reviewedmanuscript.
  26. 26. Gold Open Accessauthor publishes in an openaccess journal...
  27. 27. Gold Open Accessauthor publishes in an openaccess journal...... journal provides freeaccess to article online.
  28. 28. authornormally paysan ‘articleprocessingcharge’ (APC)to publisher.
  29. 29. hybrid open accesspublished in a traditional journal...
  30. 30. hybrid open accesspublished in a traditional journal...... publisher provides gold OA for individual articles...
  31. 31. hybrid open accesspublished in a traditional journal...... publisher provides gold OA for individual articles...... in return for APC paid by or on behalf of author.
  32. 32. Recentdevelopments
  33. 33. RCUKOpenAccessPolicy16th July2012
  34. 34. All Research Councilfunded researchsubmitted to bepublished from 1 stApr 2013 must...
  35. 35. be published incompliant journals...
  36. 36. be published in compliant journals... ... include details of funding received...
  37. 37. be published in compliant journals... ... include details of funding received...... include a statementon how data can beaccessed.
  38. 38. be published in compliantjournals...
  39. 39. - journals must provideimmediate gold OA under a CC-BYlicence and allow deposit
  40. 40. - journals must provideimmediate gold OA under a CC-BYlicence and allow deposit or …
  41. 41. - journals must provideimmediate gold OA under a CC-BYlicence and allow deposit or … - allow green OA after a maximumof 6 months (12 months for AHRCand ESRC) under a CC-BY-NClicence.
  42. 42. How will gold OA be funded?
  43. 43. Research Councilswill no longer fundAPCs throughindividual researchgrants...
  44. 44. ... from April 2013 willonly fund Gold OAcharges through blockgrants to each HEI...
  45. 45. ... to be managedcentrally by eachinstitution.
  46. 46. What ishappening at Durham?
  47. 47. • 7th November 2012 - confirmation would receive £XXX,XXX of ‘pump-priming’ funding from Department of Business, Innovation & Skills.• 8th November 2012 - Funding confirmed of £XXX,XXX for 2013/14 and £XXX,XXX for 2014/15.
  48. 48. “In the first year (2013/14), RCUK will providefunding to enable around 45% of ResearchCouncil funded research papers to be publishedusing Gold Open Access … The remaining [55%]of Research Council funded papers, it isexpected will be delivered via the Green OpenAccess model.”
  49. 49. “In the first year (2013/14), RCUK will providefunding to enable around 45% of ResearchCouncil funded research papers to be publishedusing Gold Open Access …”
  50. 50. “… the remaining [55% ] of Research Councilfunded papers, it is expected will be deliveredvia theGreen Open Accessmodel.”
  51. 51. Durham Open Access Project teamDrawn from University’s Academic Staff andProfessional Support Departments- Research Office- Library- Finance- Computing Information Services
  52. 52. Durham Open Access Project team… to answer some of the questionscompliance with the new policiesraise.
  53. 53. • How will authors know where to publish to beRCUK compliant?• How will APCs be paid?• How will a central open access fund be managed?• How will authors access funding?•What happens when funding isn’t sufficient oravailable?• Double-dipping (paying journal subscriptions ANDpaying to publish in them).
  54. 54. Library support for OA• Durham Research Online - Your institutional repository and green route to open access http://dro.dur.ac.uk
  55. 55. Library support for OA• Support in checking publisher options - can check if a journal is RCUK compliant, and provide advice on routes available. - will also be providing access to central APC fund (but not setting criteria for prioritising access)
  56. 56. Not limited to RCUK and Wellcome Trust…- Action on Hearing Loss- Arthritis Research UK- Breakthrough Breast Cancer- British Heart Foundation- Cancer Research UK- Department of Health- Dunhill Medical Trust- European Commission- European Research Council- JISC- Marie Curie Cancer Care- Motor Neuron Disease Association- Parkinsons UK- Science and Technology Facilities Council
  57. 57. Open Access and the REF
  58. 58. Open Access and the REF
  59. 59. Open Access and the REF
  60. 60. Image Credits [9] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by WhatDaveSees: Original available here [4,5] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by jekert gwapo: Original available here [6] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Darwin Bell: Original available here [8] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Carol VanHook: Original available here [10] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Richard Cocks: Original available here
  61. 61. Image Credits [13] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Photo Extremist: Original available here [21] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Daniel*1977: Original available here [22-25] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by 100kr: Original available here [26-28] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by tao_zhyn: Original available here [12, 19, 33, 34, 65] Created using http://photofunia.com/
  62. 62. Image Credits [35] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by ViaMoi: Original available here [40] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Lucy Tartan: Original available here [42] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Howard Lake: Original available here [Slide 48] © Image courtesy of Durham University [Slide 49-52] Via Flickr Creative Commons, and by Images of Money. Original available here

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