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  • 1. 100’s of free ppt’s fromwww.pptpoint.com library Dihybrid Inheritance Dihybrid inheritance refers to the simultaneous inheritance of two characters
  • 2. Mendel’s experiment Mendel investigated the inheritance of seed shape (round v wrinkled) and seed colour (green v yellow) at the same time. From his monohybrid crosses he knew that round seeds were dominant to wrinkled seeds and yellow seeds were dominant to green seeds. He chose to cross plants that were pure breeding for both dominant features (round and yellow seeds) with plants that were pure breeding for both recessive features (wrinkled and green seeds)
  • 3. ResultsParents plants with round x plants with wrinkled and yellow seeds and green seedsF1 offspring 100% plants with round and yellow seedsF1 intercross plants with round x plants with round and yellow seeds and yellow seedsF2 offspring Total 556 seeds collected from F2 plantsRatio315 9 round and yellow seeds108 3 round and green seeds101 3 wrinkled and yellow seeds32 1 wrinkled and green seedsHowever, the ratio of dominant to recessive features is still 3:1
  • 4. Explanation of Mendel’s results Let the allele for round seeds be R and the allele for wrinkled seeds be r Let the allele for yellow seeds be Y and the allele for green seeds be yParents Phenotype round x wrinkled yellow seeds green seeds Genotype RR YY rryyGametes RY RY ry ryF1 offspring gametes gametes RY RY ry RrYy RrYy ry RrYy RrYy
  • 5. F1 intercrossParentsphenotype round, yellow seeds x round, yellow seedsgenotype Rr Yy Rr YyGametes RY Ry rY ry RY Ry rY ryWhat are the genotypes and phenotypes of the F2offspring and in what ratio?
  • 6. F2 offspring gametes gametes RY Ry rY ry RY RRYY RRYy RrYY RrYy Ry RRYy RRyy RrYy Rryy rY RrYY RrYy rrYY rrYy ry RrYy Rryy rrYy rryygenotypes phenotypes expected observed RRYY (1) RrYy (4) yellow, round RRYy (2) RrYY (2) yellow, round 9 315 RRyy (1) Rryy (2) round, green 3 108 rrYY (1) rrYy (2) wrinkled, yellow 3 101 rryy (1) wrinkled, green 1 32
  • 7.  Allowing for statistical error, Mendel’s results were a reasonable approximation to the expected 9:3:3:1 ratio Each of a member of an allelic pair may combine randomly with either of another pair A test cross can be performed to check the possible genotypes of a plant producing round, yellow seeds (RRYY, RrYY, RrYy, RRYy) by crossing the plants with a homozygous recessive plant with wrinkled green seeds genotype rryy What phenotypes and genotypes would the offspring possess from the 4 crosses, and in what ratios?