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Consumer behavior intro
 

Consumer behavior intro

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    Consumer behavior intro Consumer behavior intro Presentation Transcript

    • Consumer Behavior
      • The behavior that consumers display in searching for, purchasing, using, evaluating, and disposing of products and services that they expect will satisfy their needs.
      Consumer Behavior
    • Personal Consumer
      • The individual who buys goods and services for his or her own use, for household use, for the use of a family member, or for a friend .
    • Organizational Consumer
      • A business, government agency, or other institution (profit or nonprofit) that buys the goods, services, and/or equipment necessary for the organization to function .
    • Development of the COSUMER BEHAVIOR
    • Development of the Marketing Concept Production Concept Selling Concept Product Concept Marketing Concept
    • The Production Concept
      • Assumes that consumers are interested primarily in product availability at low prices
      • Marketing objectives:
        • Cheap, efficient production
        • Intensive distribution
        • Market expansion
    • The Product Concept
      • Assumes that consumers will buy the product that offers them the highest quality, the best performance, and the most features
      • Marketing objectives:
        • Quality improvement
        • Addition of features
      • Tendency toward Marketing Myopia
    • The Selling Concept
      • Assumes that consumers are unlikely to buy a product unless they are aggressively persuaded to do so
      • Marketing objectives:
        • Sell, sell, sell
      • Lack of concern for customer needs and satisfaction
    • The Marketing Concept
      • Assumes that to be successful, a company must determine the needs and wants of specific target markets and deliver the desired satisfactions better than the competition
      • Marketing objectives:
        • Profits through customer satisfaction
    • The Marketing Concept
      • A consumer-oriented philosophy that suggests that satisfaction of consumer needs provides the focus for product development and marketing strategy to enable the firm to meet its own organizational goals.
    • Implementing the Marketing Concept
      • Consumer Research
      • Segmentation
      • Targeting
      • Positioning (4P’s)
    • Consumer Research
      • The process and tools used to study consumer behavior.
    • Segmentation, Targeting, and Positioning
      • Segmentation: process of dividing the market into subsets of consumers with common needs or characteristics
      • Targeting: selecting one ore more of the segments to pursue
      • Positioning: developing a distinct image for the product in the mind of the consumer
    • Successful Positioning
      • Communicating the benefits of the product, rather than its features
      • Communicating a Unique Selling Proposition for the product
    • The Marketing Mix
      • Product
      • Price
      • Place
      • Promotion
    • Successful Relationships Customer Value Customer Satisfaction Customer Retention
    • Customer Profitability-Focused Marketing Tier 1: Platinum Tier 2: Gold Tier 3: Iron Tier 4: Lead
    • Societal Marketing Concept
      • A revision of the traditional marketing concept that suggests that marketers adhere to principles of social responsibility in the marketing of their goods and services; that is, they must endeavor to satisfy the needs and wants of their target markets in ways that preserve and enhance the well-being of consumers and society as a whole.
    • The Societal Marketing Concept
      • All companies prosper when society prospers.
      • Companies, as well as individuals, would be better off if social responsibility was an integral component of every marketing decision.
      • Requires all marketers adhere to principles of social responsibility.
    • COSUMER BEHAVIOR SUMMARY
    • Firm’s Marketing Efforts 1. Product 2. Promotion 3. Price 4. Channels of distribution Sociocultural Environment 1. Family 2. Informal sources 3. Other noncommercial sources 4. Social class 5. Subculture and culture Output Process Input External Influence Consumer Decision Making Post-Decision Behavior Postpurchase Evaluation Purchase 1. Trial 2. Repeat purchase Need Recognition Prepurchase Search Evaluation of Alternatives Psychological Field 1. Motivation 2. Perception 3. Learning 4. Personality 5. Attitudes Experience A Model of Consumer Decision Making
    • Outcomes
      • Firm:
        • Product positioning
        • Sales
        • Customer Satisfaction
      • Individual:
        • Need Satisfaction
        • Consumption
      • Society:
        • Economic
        • Social Welfare
    • Difficulties/ Importance of Consumer Research
      • Consumers differ from one another but have varying feelings about same object from time ti time
      • Dynamic Nature of Consumer behavior can at most enable predictions in probabilistic terms
      • Consumers have powerful Psychological rather just logical reasons for buying
      • Consumer decisions are directly affected by changing environment & activities of firms
      • A persons needs, motives, perceptions & attitudes are not controllable by marketer , latter can influence & persuade consumer indirectly