Job Interview Skills

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Job Interview Skills

  1. 1. Dr. B. Victor., M. Sc., Ph. D., St. Xavier’s College, Palayamkottai-627 002. Competency mapping: Job Interview Skills
  2. 2. About the presenter <ul><li>Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution St. Xavier’ s College, Palayamkottai, India-627001.Presently HOD of Biotech at Annai Velankanni college, Tholayavattam. K .K Dist </li></ul><ul><li>He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations of St. Xavier’s college. </li></ul><ul><li>He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience and has guided more than 12 Ph. D scholars. </li></ul><ul><li>He has taught Immunology and biochemistry to graduate and post graduate students. </li></ul><ul><li>Send your comments to : bonfiliusvictor@gmail.com </li></ul>
  3. 3. Concept of Interview <ul><li>Interview consists of dialogue between two persons or between several persons. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples of Interviews <ul><li>News reporter - people - opinion polls </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor – Patient – clinical investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Police – Criminal – fact finding </li></ul><ul><li>Counsellor – respondent – correcting values </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kinds of interviews <ul><li>Clinical interview – detecting human abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>Selection interview – job selection </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic interview – social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Research interview – analysis of a problem </li></ul>
  6. 6. Goals of Interview <ul><li>Admission </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Opinion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Characteristics <ul><li>It is a close – contact between two or more persons </li></ul><ul><li>There is a definite objective </li></ul><ul><li>There is a face-to-face contact </li></ul>
  8. 8. Objectives <ul><li>Collection of information – personal / social facts </li></ul><ul><li>Exploratory device – social research </li></ul>
  9. 9. Importance <ul><li>Provides better information on feelings, emotions and sentiments </li></ul><ul><li>Securing information from persons at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Method of psychological – scientific study </li></ul><ul><li>Method of mental stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>Verification of information </li></ul>
  10. 10. Advantages <ul><li>To study events that are not open to observation </li></ul><ul><li>To study abstract factors – Attitudes, feelings, emotions and reactions </li></ul><ul><li>To gather reliable information </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for all segments of population </li></ul>
  11. 11. Interviewee qualities <ul><li>Sense of time - Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance - Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Body language - Personality , good eye </li></ul><ul><li>contact </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skill - art of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm - Cheerful disposition, </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Brevity - Clear, unambiguous </li></ul><ul><li> terms </li></ul>
  12. 12. Interviewee qualities <ul><li>Careful listening - Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest - Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Sell yourself - Presentation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain balance - Informative answers </li></ul><ul><li>Show leadership - team spirit, organization </li></ul><ul><li>qualities and decision making </li></ul><ul><li>skills </li></ul>
  13. 13. Interview format <ul><li>The beginning - Welcoming / to get to know </li></ul><ul><li>The middle - ‘Heart’ of interview </li></ul><ul><li>The ending - Summing up </li></ul>
  14. 14. Interview Process <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Giving information </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking information – views, opinion </li></ul><ul><li>feelings, proposals, suggestions </li></ul><ul><li>Winding up </li></ul><ul><li>Termination </li></ul>
  15. 15. Testing Objectives <ul><li>Mannerisms </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of talking – Mind wander </li></ul><ul><li>State of mind </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Value judgments </li></ul><ul><li>Memory span </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Questions <ul><li>Leading questions - Introducing </li></ul><ul><li>Open ended questions - Verifying c.v. details </li></ul><ul><li>Probing questions - Depth of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>4. Close ended questions - Knowledge of </li></ul><ul><li>facts and figures </li></ul>
  17. 17. Process Objectives <ul><li>Educational / Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Personal qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability for the job </li></ul><ul><li>Career expectations and aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates interests </li></ul><ul><li>Family background </li></ul>
  18. 18. Interviewee qualities <ul><li>Disposition </li></ul><ul><li>Career objective </li></ul><ul><li>Subject knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>General knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skill </li></ul><ul><li>Mental alertness </li></ul><ul><li>Consisting of approach </li></ul><ul><li>Coherence of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Self confidence – Will power, fear, nervousness, positive approach, leadership attributes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Evaluation criteria <ul><li>Total personality – appearance, social manners, Dynamism, Mental power, overall impression </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge – Range, Depth, Application of knowledge, Coherence of thought, overall impression </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skill – Language, voice, power, rhythm, clarity and logical, convincing power, overall impression </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership skill, decision making skill character, overall impression </li></ul>
  20. 20. Interviewee – Positive behaviors <ul><li>Lean slightly forward </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling </li></ul><ul><li>Be at ease, comfortable, confident </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Good communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Good listening skills </li></ul><ul><li>Good organization skills </li></ul><ul><li>Good judgment skills </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Warmth of characters </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul>
  21. 21. Negative behaviors <ul><li>Interrupting </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreeing (without giving reasons) </li></ul><ul><li>Not listening </li></ul><ul><li>Proposing – We should suggest </li></ul>
  22. 22. Difficult Questions <ul><li>Role - related questions - mention your major strength </li></ul><ul><li>Personal questions - your experience and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous questions - how to answer the direct objections that the interviewer may raise </li></ul><ul><li>Some questions - you have difficulty making decision where there is sufficient knowledge </li></ul>
  23. 23. What interests you most about this job? <ul><li>Understand the job description </li></ul><ul><li>Show your enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Good responses include: challenging, scope, for new learning and development , career growth, team work etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize the skills and interests </li></ul>Tips
  24. 24. How to respond to questions related to Personality ? <ul><li>Keep the response relevant to the questions or the positions you are applying for </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your preferences and answer it honestly </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest , but do express your willingness to adjust </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t bluff your way through an inquiry </li></ul>Tips
  25. 25. Why Interviews? People behave in interviews, the same way as they do at work
  26. 26. Thanks for your patience listening

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