ICT in education is a much needed vehicle of achieving the modern philosophy of education whereby a student can decide on:
WHAT he learns
WHEN he learns
WHERE he learns, and
HOW he learns
The modern philosophy of education
“ Technology will not have a significant impact on student learning until teachers change the way they teach.” Larry Cuban, 1986
Technology is continuously changing . It is an ongoing process. It demands continual learning.
Change is not always easy.
The initial human reaction to change is resistance. Resistance makes for slow change.
Change is inevitable .
Change led to progress .
The acceptance of change is a major requirement for technology integration.
Technology is revolutionizing the way we think, work, and play.
Technology enables teachers to provide multiple representations of content (images, graphs, diagrams, tables) and multiple options for expression ( multimedia, power point).
Computer technology changes traditional classroom instructional techniques.
Computers enable students to process the information via multiple intelligences .
Why do we need technology integration?
Technology integration helps to achieve 21st Century Skills in students . They are:
Personal and social responsibility.
Planning, critical thinking , reasoning, and creativity .
Strong communication skills , both for interpersonal and presentation needs.
Visualizing and decision-making.
Knowing how and when to use technology and choosing the most appropriate tool for the task.
Technology integration: Reasons
Technology helps change the student/teacher roles and relationships .
Technology cannot teach; only teachers can teach.
Technology can enhance the teaching- learning process.
Technology can do..
What is Technology integration?
Technology integration is the use of technology resources -- computers, Internet, e-mail, digital cameras, CD-ROMs, software applications, electronic publications, etc. -- in daily classroom practices, and in the management of a College.
How to use Information technologies effectively ?
Using computer-based services to search for and find relevant information in a range of contexts.
using a variety of media to retrieve information.
Decoding information in variety of forms- written, statistical and graphic.
Using computer based services to write, analyze, present and communicate information;
Using information technologies to create, to share and to store knowledge .
The literature generally describes 3 major instructional use of computer based technologies:
Learning from the Technology
Learning about the Technology
Learning with the Technology.
Instructional use of Computer based Technology
According to Mr. Kofi Annan , Secretary-General of the United Nations, Information and Communication Technology has transformed education.
ICTs provide an array of powerful tools that may help in transforming the present isolated teacher-centered and text - bound classrooms into rich, student – focused, interactive knowledge environment.
Food for thought
“ Any technology which increase the rate of learning would enable the teacher to teach less and the learner to learn more ”
Information and Communication technology
Information technology (IT) is defined as the study or use of electronic equipments, especially computers for storing, analysing and sending out information.
Communication technology is the process of sending, receiving and exchanging information.
ICT is a generic term referring to technologies, which are being used for collecting, storing, editing and passing on information in various forms (SER,1997)
The meaning of ICT
Factory model of education Broadcast model of education Paradigm shift
Communication Skills : one-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-many.
Multicultural education : link students from across the country/around the world.
Motivation : greater learner engagement (time).
Computer technology-based learning
Prior to working with computers , students can discuss concepts in the lesson and plan - what they are going to do.
While using computers , students can discuss - either orally or via computer - what they are working on.
During a pause in computer use , students can analyze - what they have learned and done , share information with others, and plan their next steps.
After using computers , students can again analyze and share - what they have learned and done, as well as what they need to do next.
ICT poses new challenges to Educators
The teachers have to learn how to use the variety of ICT applications;
The teachers have to use , adapt and design ICT-enhanced curricula;
They have to expand the content area of knowledge;
They have to take new roles ; and
They have to respond to individual students
New roles of teachers
New Learning Resources
ICT does not automatically add quality to teaching and learning.
ICT application in education can accelerate and improve learning on a number of fronts from basic skills, problem solving, information management, establishing life-long learning habits and concepts development .
It can also provide the means of gathering, connecting and analysing data about teaching and learning.
ICT in Education
Multimedia PC, Laptop, Notebook.
CDs& DVDs. digital video, still camera.
Internet and its tools- e-mail ,browsers, website, search engines, chat etc.