Water resources and biofuels matrix scientists april 9

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  • CRP is a model against which we can consider the added value of perennial feedstock based cellulosic biofuels. CRP gives us erosion/water conservation and improved wildlife habitat and associated wildlife related opportunities
  • What happens if we replace CRP with cellulosic biofuel feedstocks?
  • I will make the connections to the different components on this slide. These are only a part of the opportunities offered in enhancing multifunctionality on the landscape, multifunctionality offered by cellulosic biofuels if done correctly. Consider cellulosic biofuels CRP on steroids.
  • Water resources and biofuels matrix scientists april 9

    1. 1. Functionality of Cellulosic Biofuel Systems• Conversion facility – Centralized – Distributed• Conversion technology – Single species as feedstock – Multiple species as feedstock
    2. 2. Centralized Facility Distributed FacilitiesSingle Plant Species Multiple Species Single Plant Species Multiple Species
    3. 3. Functionality Metrics (Examples)• Labor needs for feedstock harvest can be met• Farm net income will benefit• Soil erosion will be affected favorably• Favorable carbon balance is likely• Feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable, and acceptable• Water quality will be favorably impacted
    4. 4. -------------System Configuration------------ Centralized Processing Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Sp. Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Multiple Sp. (corn)Will lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technology is likely.Transportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry.Labor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable andacceptable.A favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.A favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income will benefit.Rural development will be affected favorably.Soil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration will be affected favorably.Wildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be affected favorably.
    5. 5. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Functionality Metric Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    6. 6. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Functionality Metric Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    7. 7. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric SingleSingle sp (corn) Multiple Species Multiple sp. Single Multiple Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    8. 8. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric SingleSingle sp (corn) Multiple Single Multiple Species Multiple sp. Single Sp. Multiple Sp. (corn) Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    9. 9. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Multiple Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    10. 10. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Multiple Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    11. 11. ----------System Configuration-------- Process Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized-------------System Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple SingleSp. Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Multiple Sp. (corn) Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    12. 12. ----------System Configuration-------- Process Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized-------------System Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric SingleSingle sp (corn) Multiple Species Multiple sp. Single Multiple Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    13. 13. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    14. 14. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    15. 15. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    16. 16. ----------System Configuration-------- Process Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized-------------System Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. Multiple Sp. (corn) Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    17. 17. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Functionality Metric Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    18. 18. ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Functionality Metric Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    19. 19. Farmers ----------System Configuration-------- -------------System Centralized Processing Distributed Centralized Process Configuration------------ Distributed Processing Functionality Metric Single Species Multiple Single Multiple Functionality Metric Single sp (corn) Multiple sp. Single Sp. (corn) Multiple Sp. Stable Feedstock ProductionWill lead to high and stable levels of feedstock production.Development of required and producer acceptable feedstockconversion technologyConversion Feedstock is likely. TransportationTransportation requirements can be met and will be acceptable toproducers and the industry. Labor AvailabilityLabor needs for feedstock harvest and processing can be met.Required feedstock storage is reasonable, manageable and Feedstock Storageacceptable.AFavorable Energy Balance favorable and acceptable energy balance is likely.AFavorable Carbon Balance favorable and acceptable carbon balance is likely.Farm net income willFarm Income Favorable benefit. Favors Rural DevelopmentRural development will be affected favorably. Favorably Impact Soil ErosionSoil erosion will be affected favorably.Soil carbon sequestration willSequestration Favors Carbon be affected favorably. Favors Wildlife HabitatWildlife habitat will be affected favorably.Water quality will be Affects Water Quality Favorably affected favorably.
    20. 20. Can Biofuels Compliment Food/FeedProduction while Supporting Water Resources? If so, HOW?
    21. 21. ConservationReserve ProgramLand (CRP)
    22. 22. Bioenergy Crops

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