A visual representation of knowledge A way of structuring information into organized patterns A way to promote active learning A way to access students previous experience and knowledge
1. GOs help to communicate large amounts of information more easily2. GOs allow easy editing and drawing different perspectives3. GOs are flexible in application4. GOs are ideal for many types of learners5. GOs offer greater retention
Generate ideas Structure ideasCompute the GO Edit the GOPresent the GOEvaluate the GO Flow chart
GOs come in many different forms:o Eachone best suited to organizing a particular type of information
Brain – Task – specific Task – specificstorming webs organizers-1 organizers-2 Time – order chart Bubble map E-chart Concept map Double bubble map T-chart Mind map Circle map Flow chart Chain of events Tree chart Clustering map Cycle map Interaction outline Fishbone map Brace map Problem/solution Spider map Venn diagram Persuasion map
A concept map have main topic in the centerand lines radiating in all directions with sub-topics andfacts branching off from the main topic.
Nodes represent concepts. Lines represent relations between concepts. Labels on the lines describe the nature of the relationship. Arrow heads indicate direction of the relationship.
Mind mapping was originated by TonyBuzan in 1971. Mind mapping involves writing down acentral idea and thinking up new andrelated ideas which radiate out from thecentre.Then looking for branches out andconnections between the ideas.
Mind mapping is a process oftaking or making notes.Mind mapping increase thequality of thinking
The ‘Head’ of the fish represents a problem, issue or project. The ‘Ribs’ of the fish represent component parts of the problem and related elements of each part. It helps to identify, explore and display the possible causes of a problem.
This map is used to brainstorm ideas.This map is organized by placing the theme in thecenter of the map.Outwardly radiating sub-themes surround the center ofthe map.
The bubble map is designed for the process of describing attributes. Eg. Character traits, cultural traits, properties, salient features.
This map is used for comparing and contrasting two thinks. Eg. Two characters in story, two historical figures, two social systems.
This map is used for seeking context and brainstorming . It has two concentric circles. In the middle of the circle you put the key ideas and the out side circle you put everything you know about those ideas.
It generates ideas around a stimulus word.It helps to organize descriptive information on a topic.It enables to group items into categories and to see patterns in one’s idea.
Cycle attempts to show how a series of events interacts to produce a set of results again and again.
This map is used for identifying the part- whole, physical relationship of an objective.By representing whole – part and part- sub part relationships, this map supports learners’ spatial reasoning.
Unique traits Unique traits Shared traits A Venn diagram is made of two overlapping circles. It is to analyze similarities and differences between two things (people, place, events, ideas) It places individual characteristics in either the left or right sections, and common characteristics within the overlapping sections.
It is used to representthe details of any fourevents related to atopic.
It is used to represent any threedetails / subordinate categories of atopic.
subject Marks It is used to describe the details ofany two topics.
Flow chart represents the sequence of steps in producing a product or describes a process.
It displays the key term at the top and leads down to relate sub-branches of a concept or an organization or function of a body.
Beginning First Event It is used to describe the stages of the steps in a linear procedure, theSecond Event sequence of events, the goals, the actions and the outcomes of a Final Event character in a novel.
Social Outcast Social Withdrawal Loss of Aggressive Friends Poor diet Stealing Behavior Changes Liver Damage Addiction Expense Sell drugs to DrugJail Overdose Death support Use habit Mind Low self Changes Brain concept Damage Impaired memory Loss of Intelligence
1. To clarify your point2. To emphasize your point3. To simplify your point4. To unify your point5. To impress your receiver
Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College(autonomous), Palayamkottai, India-627001. He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations. He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from pre- university to post graduate classes. Send your comments to : firstname.lastname@example.org