Best practices are defined as strategies, activities or approaches that have been shown through research and evaluation to be effective and / or efficient.
Benchmarking is the process of learning by making comparisons.
1.Curriculum planning and design- goal orientation, curriculum development, programme options, academic flexibility, feed- back mechanism2.Curriculum transaction and evaluation- admission process, catering to diverse needs, teaching- learning process, teacher quality, evaluation of teaching, evaluation of learning and examination reforms.
3.Research,development and extension- promotion of research, research output, publication output, consultancy, extension activities, participation in extension and linkages4.Infrastructure and learning resources- physical facilities, maintenance of infrastructure, library as learning resource, computers as learning resources and other facilities.5.Student support and progression- student profile, student progression, student support and student activities.
6.Organization and management- goal orientation and decision making; organization- structure, powers and functions; perspective planning- academic calendar; human power planning and recruitment, performance appraisal, staff development programmes, resource mobilization and financial management7.Healthy practices- TQM, innovations, value based education, social responsibilities and citizenship roles, overall development of institutional ambience and initiatives.
Meaning of curriculum Curriculum is the sum total of experiences that the student receives through a variety of activities in the College. The curriculum is a specialized learning environment with a focus on the interests and abilities of students towards effective participation in the life of the community and nation.
Basic / core aspects - 15% Current aspects – 45% Regional aspects – 20% Global aspects – 20%
A Topic –dictated by standards, curriculum guidelines, and text books A focus on “the genius of the topic”-what is unique about the topic, why it is worthy of our time, how it gives purpose to our lives? Illustrations-ways to make the abstract to concrete& real in the eyes of learners. Experiences-real - world examples. Questions – connect with learners lives. Story – a progression of the telling of events.
Activities-personally link students with the important ideas. Skills and habits- develop competent skills and work habits necessary into doing. Products- good products are natural, purposeful, authentic, connective, unique, relevant and significant to the discipline, the student and the broader community.
Use of advanced Use of rules and tools objectives Focus on ethical dilemmas Scope for idea generation Unsolved problems. & creativity. Use of multiple abstractions Complexity of ideas. Divergent points of views Variety of approaches to on topics &issues. learning Detecting patterns / trends Multifacetedness of tasks. Flexibility to cater different Depth and complexity of learner needs study. Flexible time frame
Need based. Socially relevant. Promote creativity in students. Job / Career Oriented. Research – based. Value / ethic based.
Need based system approach(based on collective thinking of faculty members)Need Assessment Identification of objectives -Based on needs. -Perception of future society and-Present/future needs individual.-User needs Individual needs-Social,local, national, global -Knowledge development. -Skill development.needs -Attitude/character ethics development. Process to achieve objectives Execution Review -philosophy of the Institution -Training Strategies -Teaching methods
Modular curricula Regular up gradation Advanced theoretical & experimental thrust Credibility of contents Interdisciplinary orientation Sensitivity to change Need-based & job - oriented
Incorporation of suggestions from the feedback. Involvement of all staff members. Referred modules from universities in India/abroad. Revision of syllabus once in three years with a focus on thrust areas.
Teaching technology tools Educational technology tools-pedagogical tools Information and communication tools –ICTTeaching skills Techniques-demonstrating -explaining -discussing -questioning -direction giving Actions -planning -structuring -focusing -managing
Commitment: Personal commitment of the teacher to his skills and emotional commitment of working together as a team. Competence: Always exploring new areas as there is scope for creativity. Compassion: Looking at the students through the eyes of God.
Well organized lectures Well prepared lectures Competence in subject matter. Communication skills. Commitment to facilitating student learning. Concern for individual students. Friendly, flexible, helpful, clear, enthusiastic and open. Systematic and creative.
Maintaining teacher quality through orientation sessions, and annual feedback from students Promoting the growth of the teaching staff by organizing quality enhancement and teacher enrichment programmes regularly. Performance appraisal of the faculty. Encouraging faculty to organize and attend international/national level seminars/workshops/symposia. Filling vacancies on a regular basis by the management. Orientation and induction programmes for new recruits.
6- Dimensions of teacher empowerment1. Decision Making -(participation and responsibility for decisions)2. Opportunities for professional growth- (helping teachers to become more knowledgeable about teaching)3. Status – (having respect and admiration from colleagues)4. Self-Efficacy- (having the skills and ability to help students learn)5. Autonomy- (belief that you are in control of certain aspects of your professional life)6. Impact- (having an effect and influence on college life)
Books and journals. Booklets. Course handouts. Maps, charts, diagrams, models. Audio – visual aids: slides, transparencies -OHPs, LCDs, VCRs, DVDs. Live and preserved specimens. Demonstration kits. Software for teaching.
Continuous assessment Double valuation of endand innovative methods semester exams.of evaluation (objective Provision for revaluationquestioning, and re-totaling.assignments, seminars, Adhering toviva, quizzes). transparency inCourse teacher evaluation.evaluation. Supplementary endQuestion setting by semester exams.external examiners. Improvement of CIA.Freedom to change the Project and Viva Voce.question paper pattern.Periodical Review of On the spot studyassessment methods. reports. Oral examinations for languages.
Research output- ongoing minor/major projects; Major Consultancy- broad areas research facilities; relevant ,publish expertise available; research journals; fellowship to finances generated scholars Extension activities- college – Research guidance – M.Phil. neighborhood development Ph.D, post-doctoral Linkages- list of organizations, nature of linkages Research awards Publication output – research article; books; abstracts; proceedings; thesis
Infrastructure – classrooms, laboratories, auditorium, conference halls , student rest rooms, canteen, hostel facilities, play grounds. Video -conferencing facility Location maps, notice/Bulletin boards Library as learning resource – Language lab, multimedia centre, dept’l libraries, Computer as learning resource - provisions for e- leaning-INFLIPNET,DELNET ( Network resource centre)
Student support Student activities Scholarships/freeships/ fee Participation in and concessions organization of diverse cultural Finance for bus pass/ activities - intra and books intercollegiate levels Mid-day meal/medical aid Extensive participation and achievement in intercollegiate Students grievance fests at university/ redressal cell/ sexual state/national levels. harassment cell/ performance in sports field at counseling cell institution/ state/national levels. Campus recruitments
Perspective planning Man – power planning & recruitment Performance appraisal Self – development programs- program for skill up - gradation Resource mobilization Finance management
Quality auditQuality improvement Quality assurance Quality control
Curricular Aspects-Various departments in different areas of their curricula have to identify best practices. Focus on local/regional/national/global needs and women’s empowerment. Awareness of human rights, civic consciousness, social justice, service to society, promotion of communal harmony and universal brotherhood. Importance for concepts like secularism, communalism, world peace, environmental issues.
Encouragement for research based assignments. Practical training of students throughindustrial/field visits. Promotion of environment awareness andcitizenship programmes.Recruitment of alumni as staff. Leadership training for studentsRegular parent teacher programmes
Financial management and resource mobilization Budget allocation and optimum utilization of finances. Regular internal and external audits. Mobilization of resources from various funding agencies/alumni/benefactors
Best practices are defined as strategies, activities or approaches that have been shown through research and evaluation to be effective and / or efficient. A method or an innovative process resulting in the improved performance of a HEI , usually recognized as ‘best’ by other peer organizations. e.g., cooperative learning-allowing students to learn together.(UNESCO ,2007)
Annual academic calendar Teacher diary with personal information/achievements/academic growth/unitized syllabus/ teaching schedule plan/students performance record/leave record/movement register. Learner-centered activities like participative learning, interactive sessions, student seminars, case studies, project work, assignments, problem solving exercises, practicals/field work and use of audio-visual teaching aids.
The term "Best Practice" has been used to describe "what works" in a particular situation or environment. A clear and common focus High standards and expectations Strong leadership( the principal) Supportive, personalized, and relevant learning Parent/community involvement Monitoring, accountability and assessment Quality curriculum and instruction Professional development Time and structure
A Student-centered Teaching-learning supplemented with role play, group work, project, industry visit, case study, comprehensive viva, power point presentation of seminar and internship. Addition of Communicative English Objective type test, oral test, group discussion, open book test and quizzes Tutorial System and Remedial Teaching.
Bridge Course in English for freshers. streamlining first year students into Basic, Intermediate, Advanced Course for Part II English. Weekly Departmental Meetings for planning and monitoring teacher’s progress as per time schedule allotted for the units. Encouraging teachers to undertake Research, leading to Ph.D. Degree and applying for minor / major project. Conducting Repeat Exams (Supplementary) after the publication of the result. Giving corrected answer scripts of Internal Tests and End Semester Examinations to the students in order to facilitate 100% transparency.
Having a MISSION and VISION statement Evolving specific goals and aims Strategies to realize the goals Restructuring of administration Sharing and decentralizing of power Encouraging multi-disciplinary and skill-oriented learning Setting benchmarks Restructuring of courses
Revamping the contents More emphasis on skill development Constant monitoring of one’s performance and standards Clear job descriptions Facilities for research, extension and development Linkages with other institutions
The process identifying and learning from good practices in other organizations. Benchmarking is the process of learning by making comparisons. A benchmark is a point of reference to make comparisons.
1. Understanding in detail one’s own processes.2. Analyzing processes of others.3. Comparing your own performance with that of others analyzed and4. Implementing the steps needed to close the gaps.
Questionnaires Reports Handbooks of best practices.
1. Self-assess the institution.2. Better understand the processes.3. Measure and compare to the competitors.4. Discover new ideas-learn from others how to improve.5. Obtain data to support decision-making.
6. Set targets for improvement of processes and approaches.7. Strengthen institutional identity, strategy formulation and implementation.8. Enhance reputation and better position your institution.9. Respond to national performance indicators and benchmarks.10. Set new standards for the sector in the context of higher education reforms.
Reputation of the college Availability of the course Fee structure Placement ‘freedom’ on campus Proximity to home Sports facility Company of friends
1. Outstanding 5. Plentiful resources teachers 6. Applications of2. High moral values latest technology3. Excellent exam 7. Strong and purposeful results leadership4. Support of 8. A well balanced stakeholders and challenging curriculum.
Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College(autonomous), Palayamkottai, India-627001. He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations. He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from pre- university to post graduate classes. Send your comments to : email@example.com