Developing quality in autonomous college - Part 1


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The autonomy is defined in terms of freedom to prescribe its own courses of studies and device methods of teaching and evaluation.
The freedom in Academic, financial and administrative matters should be accompanied by accountability.

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Developing quality in autonomous college - Part 1

  1. 1. Origin and concept of autonomy.Aim and focus of autonomy.Core features of autonomy.Responsibility & accountability.Quality enhancement.Why worry about quality?Quality prerequisitesQuality indicators –NAACConclusion
  2. 2.  ‘Auto’ = Self; ‘Nomos’ = Law (Greek) Independent Self – governing Free from external control Sense of responsiveness, responsibility and accountability.
  3. 3. The Kothari Commission (1964 – 1966) considered autonomy a must for intellectual development and had recommended Freedom in curriculum design. Adoption of new teaching – learning methods Revision of rules for admission. Implementation of separate evaluation methods. Introduction of specific programmes.
  4. 4. UGC grant freedom to: Determine and prescribe its own courses of study and syllabi.  Prescribe rules for admission in consonance with the reservation policy of the state govt.  Evolve innovative methods of assessment of student work, the conduct of examinations and notification of results. Use modern tools of educational technology to achieve higher standards and greater creativity.
  5. 5. The autonomy is defined in terms offreedom to prescribe its own courses ofstudies and device methods of teachingand evaluation.The freedom in Academic, financial andadministrative matters should beaccompanied by accountability.
  6. 6.  Opportunity to the administrators, teachers and students to make innovations.  Utilize their creative talent. Improve the standards of teaching, examination and research Quickly respond to social needs.
  7. 7. Autonomy is for academic innovationsAutonomy is for structural improvements inadministration.Autonomy is for finding out new procedures,evaluation, assessment, grading and otheracademic matters.Autonomy is an instrument for promotingacademic excellence.
  8. 8.  An autonomous College will be fully accountable for the content and quality of education that it imparts.  The students have to receive greater individual attention on the basis of their needs and aptitude.  Autonomy has to encourage the students to think clearly, critically and creatively and to express themselves effectively. 
  9. 9.  Decentralized management culture Delegation of responsibility with accountability Willing and honest participation of stake holders and management Creative and innovative ambience Sufficient financial resources Capacity to mobilize resources
  10. 10. GOALS OF AUTONOMYFirst StageFirst StageShort-termShort-term goals goals
  11. 11.  Contents of the courses.Course options.Co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. Performance of students. Students’ employment.Contribution to generation of knowledge.Teachers’ contribution to extension etc. 
  12. 12. 1. Average work load.2. Average time distribution between lectures, tutorials / practicals.3. Teaching aids used.4. Programmes and activities planned and implemented.5. Professional development of teachers.6. Utilization of infrastructural facilities.7. Number of books / journals in the library.  
  13. 13. Statutory bodies Other committees1.Governing body Planning and evaluation committee2.Academic council curriculum review committee3.Board of studies Appeals and grievance committee4. Finance committee Admission committee Examination committee Library committee Students welfare committee Academic audit committee Research committee Extra curricular activities committee
  14. 14. Academic Autonomy Institution -Departments -Planning. -Research Centers -Implementing. -Cells / Committees -Innovating. Faculty-Freedom to propose, -Curriculum-to develop -Teaching-to validate -Evaluation-to Implement and EvaluateAcademic Accountability
  15. 15. 1. Semester pattern of study.2. Continuous internal assessment3. Credit / grading system4. Student feedback5. Self-appraisal by teachers.
  16. 16. The specific criteria are:o Quality of curriculum design and contento Quality of instruction, teachingo Quality of faculty – student relationshipo Quality of learning facilityo Quality of infrastructure Quality of innovation
  17. 17.  Ability to adopt the changes. Structuring-restructuring of courses with social relevance. Fitness-for – purpose (FFP) Consistent quality in course curricula.
  18. 18. 1. Contributing to national development2. Fostering global competences among students3. Inculcating a value system in students4. Promoting the use of technology, ICT- academic& administrative5. Quest for excellence- internal quality management system, IQAC.
  19. 19. 1. Classroom learning (knowledge).2. Research (new knowledge).3. Service to society (application of knowledge to life)
  20. 20.  Education is an instrument for capacity building. The capacities required to be built up among the students in their formative years by educational institutions are:-1. Capacity for research and inquiry.2. Capacity for creativity and innovation.(creative transfer of knowledge)3. Capacity to use high technology.4. Capacity for entrepreneurial leadership.5. Capacity for moral leadership.
  21. 21. ‘Our higher education has to be internationally comparable in quality’ – Rastogi Report 
  22. 22. ‘Quality institutions needfreedom to experiment’ – Hindu, January 13, 1998.
  23. 23.  Quality is often considered to be a standard or norm with which to compare two similar things in order to assess the worth of the thing compared. Quality is ‘the degree of excellence of a thing or superiority in kind’(webster’s dictionary) Quality is ‘a grade of goodness’ or excellence (how good) (oxford dictionary)
  24. 24.  ‘Conformance to specifications’ ‘Fitness for use’ Consumer satisfaction Quality= fitness- for purpose (FFP)
  25. 25.  Quality is no accident  Quality is not an act, it is a habit  Quality must be planned  Quality generally signifies the degree of excellence.There are no short cuts to quality
  26. 26.  Quality as exceptional (highest) standards. Quality as conformance to standards. Quality as fitness for purpose. Quality as effectiveness in achieving institutional goals. Quality as meeting customer’s stated or implied needs.
  27. 27. 1. Activity – oriented- individual responsibility for quality.2. Process- oriented.3. System – oriented4. Chain – oriented.5. Total quality management – oriented.
  28. 28.  Competition-for students, funds, survival. Customer satisfaction (students, parents, sponsoring agencies) -getting value for their money &time spent. -employable skill- sets. -satisfy needs of the labor market. Maintaining standards-improvement in the quality of the educational transactions, educational provisions and facilities.
  29. 29.  Accountability of funds utilized. Improve employee morale and motivation- -high morale and motivation of staff in performing their duties and responsibilities. Credibility, prestige and status-(brand value)-credibility of individuals & institution. Image and visibility- capacity to attract better stakeholder support.
  30. 30.  Curriculum is attached to the lives and cultures of learners. It attracts students. It guides students in making sense of their worlds. It helps students organize and retain the important ideas & skills in a discipline.
  31. 31.  It moves beyond information to thought and to thinking. It actively involves students as doers and problem solvers. It helps students to demonstrate the efficacy of the ideas and skills. Students like to learn those things recognized by experts ,community adults and the society.
  32. 32. 1. Quality syllabus2. Quality faculty3. Quality teaching and evaluation4. Quality research5. Quality of character and outlook of faculty / students.
  33. 33.  Regular up-gradation, advanced theoretical /expt. thrust, credibility of content, inter disciplinary orientation, sensitive to change, relevance to self/society
  34. 34.  Computer-literate. Literacy in teaching tools and techniques. Sound knowledge in the subject. Personality characteristics Academic / research eminence.
  35. 35.  Teacher-student ratio, Various modes of teaching Learner centered approach Interactive and participatory character of teaching Innovative teaching methods Regularity of classes Student attendance
  36. 36.  Evaluation with objectivity, impartiality, transparency Continuous internal assessment, CIA-formative Semester-end-examination, SEE – summative; CIA: Semester exam weightage= 50;50 or 40;60 External valuation-central, double, moderation /adjustment of pass/fail ratio, re-valuation, re- totaling Question paper pattern-3 components-short answer, medium answer, long answer type questions
  37. 37.  Infrastructure Quality of research publications-citations Quality of research guidance and projects
  38. 38.  Imparting value education Cultural connectivity of educational process.
  39. 39. 1. Quality in terms of outstanding high standards.2. Quality in terms of consistency with zero defects.3. Fitness for the defined purpose.4. The value for money, time and space.5. Participants positive transformation.
  40. 40.  Contact between students and faculty, develops reciprocity and cooperation among students, encourages active learning, gives prompt feedback, emphasizes time on task, communicates high expectations, and respects diverse talents and ways of learning.
  41. 41. 1. Customer focus - meeting the needs of the customers.2.Continuous quality improvement -quality is a never-ending journey but it is continuous.
  42. 42. 3.The principle of involvement – quality must be the business of everybody in the learning organization irrespective of their positions.- It emphasizes the sense of belonging, sense of purpose and total commitment to the healthy progress of the institution.
  43. 43. 1. Institutional development2. Educational system development3. Student development4. Community development5. Locality development
  44. 44.  Criterion=is an aspect or element by which a thing is judged. Standard=specification of aspects or elements by which quality is judged. Benchmark=A point of reference to make comparisons.
  45. 45. 1Curriculum planning and design- goal orientation, curriculum development, programme options, academic flexibility, feed- back mechanism2.Curriculum transaction and evaluation- admission process, catering to diverse needs, teaching- learning process, teacher quality, evaluation of teaching, evaluation of learning and examination reforms.
  46. 46. 3.Research,development and extension- promotion of research, research output, publication output, consultancy, extension activities, participation in extension and linkages4.Infrastructure and learning resources- physical facilities, maintenance of infrastructure, library as learning resource, computers as learning resources and other facilities.5.Student support and progression- student profile, student progression, student support and student activities.
  47. 47. 6.Organization and management- goal orientation and decision making; organization- structure, powers and functions; perspective planning- academic calendar; human power planning and recruitment, performance appraisal, staff development programmes, resource mobilization and financial management7.Healthy practices- TQM, innovations, value based education, social responsibilities and citizenship roles, overall development of institutional ambience and initiatives.
  48. 48.  Reputation of the college Availability of the course Fee structure Placement ‘freedom’ on campus Proximity to home Sports facility Company of friends
  49. 49. 1. Outstanding 5. Plentiful resources teachers 6. Applications of2. High moral values latest technology3. Excellent exam 7. Strong and results purposeful leadership4. Support of 8. A well balanced stakeholders and challenging curriculum.
  50. 50.  Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College(autonomous), Palayamkottai, India-627001. He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations. He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from pre- university to post graduate classes. Send your comments to :