An Overview of BioMed Central and the Growth of Open Access Publishing_


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This is the PPT for the presentation at AFFRIT in Japan on 1st July 2013 .
It was presented by Dr Nandita Quaderi who is the publisher of Biological Sciences at BioMed Central.

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  • Just changing how the service is paid for. Community retains control of research Copyright handed over to the publisher Publisher sells copyright back to users Subscription barriers to research restrict access
  • Costs kept low using web technology - OA makes costs transparent Authors very fond of our easy t BioMed Central APC comparison page lists publishers’ open access charges o use submission system.
  • 2010-2011 has seen many more traditional publishers launch broad scope, purely open access journals, following the BioMed Central BMC Series/PLoS One model e.g. NPG’s Scientific Reports, Royal Society Open Biology (selective)
  • Exact policy wording varies but generally researchers are required to make available the full text of their accepted research articles within a few months of publication. Subscription journals may allow self-archiving by authors or deposit on PubMed Central, but publishing in purely open access journals is the most effective and efficient way meet funder requirements – as the final, publisher-prepared version of the article is archived. And of course many institutions require open access.
  • Springer – 2 nd largest scientific and technical publisher in the world
  • Journals that span subject areas but with a specific aim. Some v innovative e.g. biology direct. Open peer review. Find them from our gateways e.g global health gateway.
  • ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements! The ENCODE project is a very high profile initiative to identify all functional elements in the human genome Non-research is available only to subscribers
  • Already discussed how some of our journals (BMC Biology and Biology Direct) are trying to easy the pain through new/modified peer review models.
  • Reducing the burden on peer reviewers/speeding up the process Transfer of MSs with referee reports within journal cascades – avoids lengthy re-reviewing with new reviewers Open peer review: identified reviewers, passing on reports openly between journals Cross-publisher agreements (Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium) Biology Direct type model - in theoretical areas, the disagreements over interpretation between reviewers and authors are key to the intellectual contribution of the paper, so publishing the debate and the difference of opinion is key.   Expectations of a reasonable time to publication vary hugely by field. In much of maths and physics, much scientific comms happens in advance of peer reviewed publication, and timescales of a year or more can be seen as fairly acceptable. In life sciences, peer reviewed publication is key, and delays due to reviewers asking for additional experiments etc are increasingly causing concern.   Some very broad and very selective / high rejection rate: e.g. GB, BMC Biology, BMC Medicine Some fairly selective, within a particular field: e.g. Retrovirology Some very inclusive: e.g. BMC Series, BMC Res Notes…   BMC series introduced this idea of separating Soundness from level of interest, and having an inclusive policy, publishing sound research but highlighting the best. This is the basis of several new megajournals – e.g PloS One, SpringerPlus. Similar model used by PLoS and BMJ. This systems offers flexibility and efficiency. Peer reviewers are not saddled with the repeated review of articles, as authors ‘do the rounds’ at different journals/publishers. And authors also save time as they do not have to repeatedly reformat their manuscript to meet the requirements of different publishers/journals’ formatting requirements etc. This approach separates the question of scientific soundness from the level of interest. Transfers of articles can also happen inter-publisher via initiatives such as the neuroscience peer review consortium
  • Just changing how the service is paid for. Community retains control of research Copyright handed over to the publisher Publisher sells copyright back to users Subscription barriers to research restrict access
  • An Overview of BioMed Central and the Growth of Open Access Publishing_

    1. 1. An Overview of BioMed Central and the Growth of Open Access Publishing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Information Technology Center (AFFRIT) 1st July 2013 Dr Nandita Quaderi Publisher, Biological Sciences
    2. 2. My Role and Background • I joined BioMed Central in 2005 as an Acquisitions Editor • I am now Publisher (Biological Sciences) and have responsibility for: - The strategy that guides the expansion and development of BioMed Central's portfolio of 70+ biology journals - BioMed Central’s strategic journal acquisition activities in the Middle East, India and Far East • Background: - BA in Chemistry (U. Oxford) - PhD in Molecular Genetics (Imperial College, U. London) - Post-doc Human Genomics (TIGEM, Milan, Italy) - Lab Head MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, King's College London (funded by the Wellcome Trust)
    3. 3. Summary • What is the open access (OA) publishing model? • A short introduction to BioMed Central’s journals
    4. 4. What is Open Access?
    5. 5. What is Open Access (OA)? Open access articles are defined by two fundamental criteria: • Price barriers (e.g. subscription fees) are removed • Permission barriers (e.g. copyright restrictions) are removed
    6. 6. Benefits of Publishing in an OA Journal Benefits of OA for readers Benefits of OA for authors Removal of subscription barriers allows immediate electronic access to peer-reviewed articles High visibility and maximum exposure of articles – increase chances of articles being noticed, read or cited Easy to search for articles of interest - can use Google as well as traditional indexing services such as PubMed No limits on article length or additional charges for inclusion of colour figures, video clips or large data sets Allowed to copy, distribute and re-use content as long as original article is correctly attributed Retain copyright of published content
    7. 7. Article-processing charges The article-processing charge (APC; £1115-1475/ USD 1755 -2321) covers: • Editorial: handling of manuscripts • Technical: development, maintenance and operation of online journal platforms and manuscript handling systems • Production: Formatting and mark up of articles, inclusion in indexing services • Marketing: Making sure readers and authors know about the journal • Customer service: Responding to authors/readers No extra charge for inclusion of colour figures, videos/animations or large data sets (no limits on article length)
    8. 8. Creative Commons Licences • Allow redistribution and reuse of OA articles • Unlike traditional journals, copyright lies with authors, not publishers • Maximum dissemination CC BY Lets all others distribute, reuse and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation • Limited dissemination (several varieties) CC BY- NC This license lets others reuse and build upon your work non- commercially as long as they credit you for the original creation.
    9. 9. The Changing Landscape of Open Access Publishing 2000 2013 And many more…
    10. 10. Growth in Open Access Journals
    11. 11. Growth in Open Access Articles Source: Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure, Mikael Laakso and Bo-Christer Björk BMC Medicine, 2012, 10: 124
    12. 12. Growth in Submissions and Publications (Japan)
    13. 13. Models of Open Access Publishing ‘Full’ Open Access‘Full’ Open Access •Whole journal is OA•Whole journal is OA ‘Green’ Open Access‘Green’ Open Access •Self-archiving of author manuscript on author website, institutional or subject-based repositories •Self-archiving of author manuscript on author website, institutional or subject-based repositories ‘Gold’ Open Access‘Gold’ Open Access •Article freely available from publisher website •Article freely available from publisher website ‘Hybrid’ Open Access ‘Hybrid’ Open Access • Selected articles are OA within a subscription journal • Selected articles are OA within a subscription journal
    14. 14. Open Access Publishing at Springer ‘Hybrid’ Open Access • Springer Open Choice: Article fee € 2000 / USD 3000 ‘Full’ Open AccessAuthors’ Rights / Green OA • Self-archiving of author’s accepted version • An estimated 12% of all scholarly articles are available through some form of ‘Green’ OA
    15. 15. Some Truths About Open Access Journals • Open access journals have some of the highest Impact Factors in their fields • Open access journals have some of the most prestigious academics as Editors-in-Chief and Editorial Board Members • Open access journal publishing is identical to subscription publishing, but content is distributed differently
    16. 16. • Wellcome Trust • RCUK • US National Institutes of Health • Howard Hughes Medical Institute • European Research Council • Almost 150 mandatory institution-wide open access policies world-wide e.g. Harvard University (Compact for Open Access Publishing Equity) Many Funders and Research Institutes Have Open Access Mandates
    17. 17. An Introduction to BioMed Central Journals
    18. 18. About BioMed Central • Launched first open access journal in 2000 • One of the largest global publishers of peer-reviewed open access journals • Became part of Springer in 2008 • Publishes >250 open access journals • All research articles published under Creative Commons license • Costs covered by article-processing charge (APC) or journal sponsors
    19. 19. • Top 20 journals by Impact Factor • 3 main sets of journals - BMC Series journals - ‘Independent’ journals - ‘Hybrid’ journals The BioMed Central Portfolio
    20. 20. Top 20 Journals by Impact Factor 1 Genome Biology 10.288 2 Particle Fibre Toxicology 9.178 3 BMC Medicine 6.679 4 BMC Biology 6.531 5 Breast Cancer Research 5.872 6 Retrovirology 5.657 7 Biotechnology for Biofuels 5.552 8 Molecular Cancer 5.134 9 Cell Communication and Signaling 5.093 10 Critical Care 4.718 11 J Hematology and Oncology 4.458 12 J Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 4.435 13 BMC Genomics 4.397 14 Alzheimers Research & Therapy 4.39 15 BMC Plant Biology 4.354 16 J Neuroinflammation 4.351 17 Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 4.315 18 Arthritis Research & Therapy 4.302 19 Cardiovascular Diabetiology 4.209 20 Molecular Brain 4.202
    21. 21. • Pioneering series of 60+ open access journals • Spanning biology and medicine • Academic Section Editors and Associate Editors handle peer review • 2000+ submissions per month • As a whole function as a ‘megajournal’ • Publish sound science; Separate evaluation of ‘soundness’ from ‘interest’ The BMC Series
    22. 22. • Broader interest titles within the BMC series • Dedicated in-house Editorial teams • More commissioned material (reviews, commentaries, Q&As) than other BMC series journals
    23. 23. ‘Independent journals’ • Academic and clinical Editors-in- Chief • Growing number of society journals • Some leading journals within their fields – e.g. JCR ranks Veterinary Research highest amongst veterinary sciences journals; Retrovirology ranks 4/32 virology journals
    24. 24. Japanese Society Journals Accepting submissions Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine Impact Factor = 0.63 Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology (JSPA) Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine
    25. 25. • In-house Editorial teams, academic Editorial Boards and Section Editors • Publish broad-interest research, reviews, comments, meeting reports • Collaborations with other publishers (Nature, Genome Research) • ‘Hybrid journals’: value-added subscription content
    26. 26. Towards Painless Publishing: Separating interest from soundness Peer review aims to establish • whether the research and its description/ interpretation is sound • level of interest The importance of interest levels and extent of advance is different depending on the editorial goals of the journal Separating soundness from interest level: BMC series, new ‘mega- journals’
    27. 27. Towards Painless Publishing: Journal cascades Flagships Subject-specific journals BMC Research Notes BMC series Independent Journals
    28. 28. ご清聴ありがとうございまし た。 Thank you for your attention! Nandita Quaderi Local BioMed Central contact: Natsu Ishii
    29. 29. Characteristics of Open Access • No barriers to access such as subscription costs • Research permanently available via the Internet • Licensed so as to allow redistribution and reuse (Creative Commons) • Archived in an internationally recognised repository (e.g. PubMed Central)
    30. 30. 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 Submissions Publications Growth in Submissions and Publications