Drugs and addictions

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Health presentation: Addictions

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Drugs and addictions

  1. 1. DRUGS AND ADDICTIONS
  2. 2. ADDICTIONS  An addiction is defined as the habit to let itself dominate by the use of toxic substances (drugs); this compulsive and uncontrollable consumption entails a physiological dependency as much as psychological.
  3. 3.  A characteristic of the addiction is that the attempt to finish or to end it produces emotional, mental and physical intense reactions, disagreeable and until detrimental for the health.
  4. 4.  The World Health Organization defines the addiction to drugs like “A psychic and physical state, resulting of the consumption of a drug, characterized by compulsive conduct that makes the impulse irresistible use it, continuous or periodically with the purpose of to undergo psychic effects and, sometimes, to avoid the malaise caused by her absence” (Kolb, 1976).
  5. 5. Psico-addictive drug is called to any psico-addictive, psico-trophic or narcotic substance (Latin stupor, that induces sleep, that dulls, that gets someone stupid). What a drug is?
  6. 6. A narcotic is a chemical agent derived form morphine that produces a state of critical moment and a lack of nervous answer, and is characterized for the person that consumes it, disconnects of its surroundings. It is considered like drug to any substance that makes a physical or psychological change in a person.
  7. 7. What is the drug addiction?  Is an upheaval of the conduct that consists of uncontrollable desire to consume a drug which a person has become accustomed itself, for to obtaining certain effect.
  8. 8. The drug abuse consists of using these products without medical prescription and with aims different from the therapeutic ones. - Antidiarrheals - Anticolinergics -Antispasmodics - Analgesics Besides the intestinal smooth muscle effect, they produce some state of mental euphoria. The abuse
  9. 9. Other drugs are - Antitusive, that acts on the central nervous system - Anorexigenics (blocking of the appetite) - Substances derived from the benzedrine, that produces stimulation, absence of dream and fatigue.
  10. 10.  The dependency of drugs is the consumption of the drug to fulfill psychological and/or physiological demands of the organism for the chemical agent to whom someone is addict.

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