KoppenClimateClassificationSystem Fivemajorclimatetypes. In the case of nuevo leon, itsclassificationgets in: B - Dry Climates; characterized by little rain and a huge daily temperature range. And two subgroups, S - semiarid or steppe, and W - arid or desert, where there are large temperature fluctuations due to the lack of water vapor in the atmosphere.
Seco y semiseco 68%* Templado subhumedo 7.1%* Muy seco 4.8%*
Temperate Temperate climate is a zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
Temperate weather is present in the Sierra Madre Oriental in the municipalities of Galeana, Aramberri, Zaragoza and a part of Iturbide. It has:
annual average temperature is 19˚ C.
the average rain precipitation is around 393 mm.
The sub temperate weather with the scarce rains is present in the municipalities of Santiago, Allende, General Terán. There are also municipalities such as Montemorelos, Linares and Hualahuises where the sub temperate weather has summer rains.
Tropical climate (or temperate sub-humid) The tropical climate (or temperate sub-humid) is located near the valley that forms between the Sierra Madre and the Cerro de la Silla. The temperature of this sub-humid climate occupies 7% of the state of Nuevo León. The climates of these areas close to mountains into valleys that avoid hot air.
The municipality with more area in the wet state is Santiago and its climate is temperate / humid, with an average temperature of 21 ° C in the lowlands and 14 ° C in the upper parts of the highlands. Precipitation is moderate, and its annual average of 1000 mm in the lowlands and only 600 mm in the highlands of the Sierra. Its winds are prevailing trade winds, weak to moderate southeast, bringing moisture from the Gulf of Mexico and in the winter cold winds prevail from the north.
Is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. There is a general agreement include the hot deserts located broadly in sub-tropical regions, where the accumulation of water is largely prevented by either low precipitations AridClimate
The arid climate in Nuevo Leon consists in the 4.96% of the surface but is the most common climate in the year, because is not an dessert climate the temperature is hot or warm during the day as in the night.
The area of the arid climate are in Anahuac, Lampazos de Naranjo, Villaldama, Agualeguas y Paras in this area the amount of rainfall during the year is around 600 millimeters. Most of the plants in Nuevo Leon are small trees, low grass population, the most common plant are the shrubs and the cactus. Most of the area is lifeless only the plants grew close to the rivers.
The semiarid climate is known as having small periods of rain, with low temperatures in the winter season, and hotter temperature in the summer, that with that conditions, in its flora, you can find some trees and bushes, and mesquite. The 68% of the state has semiarid climate and semidry in 20% calid humid, and it is located on the plain costera del Golfonorte, 7% of this is humid template and it is located on the high tops of mountain and the restant 5% has a very dry weather into the Sierra Madre Occidental. Nuevo Leon as a semiarid place.
This constantly changes in weather and temperature, made Nuevo Leon semiarid, which is a negative factor in agriculture, because rains are not predominated on the region, but anyways it is grown corn, wheat, beans, and many others.
In the great plain of Northamerica, the semiarid climate, is distributed along the province, it has similar characteristics to the dryer, and they are associated to the vegetation of intermontane bush and mesquite, in which the humidity is not very important in values. In the Sierra Madre Oriental, the weather is semiarid template, in which it registers small amount or rain through all the year. The maximum amount of rain in this place is between May and august, with a range from 35 and 40 mm, and the minimum in March, with less than 10mm.