S4p1 istvan bozsoki


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S4p1 istvan bozsoki

  1. 1. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 1ITU-D Study Question 23/1István BOZSÓKIHead of Spectrum Managementand Broadcasting DivisionITU/BDT/IEE/SBD
  2. 2. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 25th Study Period (2010-2014) WTDC-10 (Hyderabad)New Resolution 62 Measurement concerns related to humanexposure to electromagnetic fieldsNew Study Question 23/1 Strategies and policies concerning humanexposure to electromagnetic fieldsBased on contributions from ArabStates and CITEL
  3. 3. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 3Resolution 62BDT Director Ensure response to the needs of the developingcountries and consistent with the substance ofResolution 72 (Johannesburg, 2008) (ITU-T), in close cooperation with the Director of BR andDirector of the TSB ensure that Programme 1 determines therequirements of developing countries and theirregulatory authorities (at regional level) inrelation to this resolution, contributes to studies on this subject, takes an active part in the work of the relevantITU-R and ITU-T study groups, and submits written contributions on theresults of its work in this regard, plus anyproposals it deems necessary, to ITU-D StudyGroup 2
  4. 4. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 4Resolution 62 instructs Study Group 1:within the framework of their Questions, tocooperate with ITU-T Study Group 5 and ITU-RStudy Groups 1, 5 and 6, in order to achieve thefollowing goals:• prepare an annual report on the progress ofwork in this area in respect of their Questions;• contribute to the organization of any seminarson this subject;• contribute to preparation of the Guide on the useof ITU-T publications on achieving electromagneticcompatibility and safety, and publications relatingto measurement methodologies, the need formeasurements to be performed by a "QualifiedRadioEngineer" and the criteria for a "QualifiedRadio Engineer", and system specifications.
  5. 5. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 5Question 23/1 The following subjects should bestudied: To compile and analyse the regulatory policiesconcerning human exposure to electromagneticfields that are being considered or beingundertaken for authorizing the installation ofradiocommunication sites and Power LinesTelecommunications systems. To describe the strategies or methods forraising the awareness of populations andinformation to populations regarding the effectsof electromagnetic fields due toradiocommunication systems. To propose guidelines and best practices onthis matter.
  6. 6. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 6Question 23/1 Expected outcome:A report to the membership presentingguidelines to assist Member States inresolving similar problems faced byregulatory bodies.The report will provide regulatoryauthorities with guidelines on methodsfor raising the awareness ofpopulations along with best practicesbased on countries experience in thematter.
  7. 7. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 7Content of the Guidelines1. Background2. Introduction3. World Health Organization (WHO) perspective4. Scope5. Objective of these guidelines6. Principles for developing these guidelines7. Obligations of operators on RF exposure8. Targets9. Measurements10.Publication of measurements by regulators11.Content and format of publication12.Inspection and investigations13.Amendment of guidelines14.Review of guidelines
  8. 8. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 8Country case studies Venezuela Brazil Republic of Korea Uzbekistan CTI Hungary Israel Botswana
  9. 9. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 9 ColombiaThe deployment of wireless networksand associated infrastructureProblem and solution COMTELCA, SIGETTechnical Issues Related to Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Emissions andregulation on human exposure. Thedeployment of wireless networks andassociated infrastructureITU assistance in Latin-America
  10. 10. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 10 ColombiaThe deployment of wireless networksand associated infrastructureProblems and solutions COMTELCA, SIGETTechnical Issues Related to Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Emissions andregulation on human exposure. Thedeployment of wireless networks andassociated infrastructureITU assistance in Latin-America
  11. 11. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 11Colombia/1 Background The continuing evolution of technologies - need forinstallation of antennas and their associated elements,especially in densely populated areas. Particularly rapid growth of mobile subscribers, new andmore diverse services. This growth requires a network support to ensure coverageof the territory on the one hand and the quality of serviceon the other, which means in both cases the need to installincreasingly antennas. In many cases, companies were limited to fulfill itsobligations under licenses granted by the NationalGovernment generally linked to coverage and quality ofservice, avoiding compliance with guidelines regarding theenvironment, urban planning, protection of historical andcultural heritage Companies in compliance with the obligations of thenational license installed their networks almost exclusivelyfrom the perspective of technical and economic efficiency(low cost).
  12. 12. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 12Colombia/2 Main topics discussed in of the report Health Protection and regulations Colombia The political reality of the Municipalities Types of barriers The mother of all barriers The international experience Reduce the causes which are originating the popularapprehension Show in understandable way what can be the radiationcontrolled to protect health Dynamic Radiation Maps Continuous Monitoring Systems International recommendations Management of Social Acceptance
  13. 13. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 13Colombia/3 Recommendations/1 Keep Colombian legislation in line with World HealthOrganisation and ICNIRP. Pilot test for a Continuous Monitoring System ofNon-Ionized Radiation 9NIR) and Municipal DynamicMap at street level in the municipalities selected forthe pilot Integrating the Colombian Federation ofMunicipalities or as many municipalities as possibleto a dialogue with ANE to establish foundations for apossible deal.Show explicit tools (Code of Practice, ContinuousMonitoring Systems, Dynamic Radiation Map) Integrate the private sector to the negotiating table.It is important to establish a prior agreement withthe presidents of companies since the agreementsinvolve concessions and eventually cost implicationswhich only presidents can solve.
  14. 14. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 14Colombia/4 Recommendations/2 Negotiate during the discussions an agreement betweenmunicipalities, companies, and ANE for the installation ofradio systems. Agree and sign during the negotiations a Code of GoodPractice for Installation. Generate Models for Municipal Ordinances, by type ofmunicipality taking into account the Code of Good Practiceand measurement systems described, and as a basis forthe development of municipal regulations Establish in such ordinances the realization of ContinuousMonitoring System of the NIR and Dynamic MunicipalRadiation Map at street level in all municipalities. Set on the basis of pilot Continuous Non-Ionizing RadiationMonitoring Systems as a method of communication on theNIR and health protection Make cooperation agreements with countries that aresolving the problem using these tools.
  15. 15. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 15Colombia/5 Recommendations/3 Organize an international seminar with members of WHO.ICNIRP, ITU, CITEL, universities, manufacturers, operators,countries showing success stories, etc. Create a Technical Advisory Service to municipalities by theColombian Federation of Municipalities Establish within the Technical Advisory Service an exclusiveweb page related to Non-Ionizing Radiation and its control Create from the Ministry a Monitoring Committee for theinstallation of the antennae and the issues associated withNRI, and this committee will involve all nationalgovernment agencies related to the problem (Health,Environment, Civil Aviation, Infrastructure etc.),Universities and professional associations Establish in the Monitoring Committee a policy for mediacommunication
  16. 16. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 16Colombia/6 Pilot project Select one to three municipalities where pilot test Agree with local political authorities on the working methodfor the realization of a Comprehensive Pilot including e.g.facility agreements, methods, ratings and installation siteselection of monitors. Procurement of equipment and services to carry outcontinuous monitoring system and radiation maps andinstall in the selected municipalities. Initiate a dialogue where all sectors are represented,Ministry, ANE, CRC, Ministry, Municipalities (independentlyof the Federal pilot participants), Companies, Associationsof users, etc., assessing the results of the Pilot. It is suggested, in case of budget constraints reduce thenumber of municipalities to join in the pilot but do thesame with both tools ie: Continuous monitoring andradiation maps as they are complementary tools.
  17. 17. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 17 ColombiaThe deployment of wireless networksand associated infrastructureProblem and solution COMTELCA, SIGETTechnical Issues Related to Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Emissions andregulation on human exposure. Thedeployment of wireless networks andassociated infrastructureITU assistance in Latin-America
  18. 18. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 18COMTELCA/SIGET 1 Cooperating partners COMTELCA, SIGET (El Salvador) Beneficiary countries El Salvador, Honduras and Panamá Duration 9 months Summary: analyze the difficulties in rolling out mobile networksand their associated infrastructure in CentralAmerica due to the social apprehension toelectromagnetic radiation, develop proposed solutions which include: policy development, pilot projects (include measurements), development of general tools needed for deployingwireless networks with the social acceptance of peopleand their political and civil associations.
  19. 19. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 19COMTELCA/SIGET 2 Context of the project: study, propose and implement a pilot project in the CentralAmerican Region, in relation to the deployment of mobilephone masts and infrastructure, as well as the issue of non-ionizing radiation and health protection, following differentITU resolutions: Resolution 176 (Guadalajara, 2010) of the PlenipotentiaryConference of ITU, 2010 "Human exposure to electromagneticfields and measuring them" Resolution 72 (WTSA, Johannesburg, 2008) on measurementissues related to human exposure to electromagnetic fields and Resolution 62 (WTDC, Hyderabad, 2010) on measurement issuesrelated to human exposure to electromagnetic fields. Also, this project considers giving feedback onlessons learned to Question 23/1, "Strategies and policies relating to humanexposure to electromagnetic fields" of the Study Group 1 ofthe ITU-D and Regional Group in Latin America and the Caribbean in StudyGroup 5 of the ITU-T.
  20. 20. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 20COMTELCA/SIGET 3 Description of the problem from the standpoint ofCentral American countries. The social apprehension to electromagnetic radiationis being expressed by the communities, groups ofusers of telecommunications services and theauthorities of the Central American countries areseeking proposals for solutions that also include thedevelopment of general tools necessary to facilitatethe deployment of wireless networks with the socialacceptance of people and their political and civilorganizations. Project Objective This project aims to analyze the difficulties in rollingout mobile networks and their associatedinfrastructure in Central America due to the socialapprehension to electromagnetic radiation,evaluation of legislation relating to the subject forthe beneficiary countries of the region
  21. 21. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 21COMTELCA/SIGET 4 Expected results for beneficiary countries A diagnosis of existing problems and social and politicalsituation of each of the beneficiary countries and municipalitiesrelated to the deployment of antennas. General guidelines for developing national legislation to controlNon-Ionizing Radiation (NIR) for the benefit of countries. A work plan to develop the management of social acceptanceof the installation of antennas. A guide to good practices related to the installation of antennasupport structures and municipal regulation, environmentalprotection, cultural heritage protection, urban planning andradiation monitoring. Expected Additional Results for El Salvador A guide for use in developing an agile and directcommunication to society about the effects of radiation andcontrol them. Pilot testing of Continuous Monitoring Systems and MunicipalRadiation Maps in El Salvador, in order to assess the impact inmunicipalities the conflicts which prevent or hinder thedeployment of radio antennae.
  22. 22. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 22COMTELCA/SIGET 5 Working method and activities Two consultants Senior Consultant for El Salvador and Associate Consultant for Honduras and Panama,under the supervision of the Senior Consultant Socialization of the problem an solution andnegotiations require periodic visits Associate Consultant: working with governments of Hondurasand Panama, 3 two-week missions to both countries, a week ofwork in each. Senior Consultant: working in El Salvador. Will perform 4missions to El Salvador (one each month) including the work tocarry out the pilot. Creative approach towards human capacity building 2 missions of 5 days for one technician each from Panama andHonduras to El Salvador to participate in the pilot in ElSalvador.
  23. 23. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 23NIR Monitoring Network of the NMHHHungary 25 area monitoring stations equipped withwideband probes (100 kHz - 3 GHz). Thestations are able for autonomous operation. The measured data are stored in thememory of the station and can bedownloaded by a GSM modem. The datameasured during the GSM data transfer arediscarded. The measurement data is usuallydownloaded once a day and it takes a fewminutes. http://emirpub-prod.nhh.hu/pubrendszer-web/eszmog/eszmogMeresek.jhtml
  24. 24. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 24NIR Monitoring Network Architecture
  25. 25. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 25Continuous monitoring of cellular radiationIsrael By collecting information directly from the radio switchnetworks of the cellular carriers nationwideLocation of each siteConfiguration of each devicePower used at each momentFrequency used for transmissionBase Station & Mobile Data collectionExposure Geo RepresentationA set of Quality of Service parameters
  26. 26. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 26Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) AnalysisSimulations and Measurements for Public SafetyEMF & human exposure measurements Measurements on systematic definedpoints or on certain points of publicinterestEMF simulation and prediction For the purpose of obtaining clearancecertificates or generating technical sitedocumentations including safetydistances/ safety zonesEMF Monitoring
  27. 27. 9 May 2013 EMF, Turin, Italy 27Thank you!istvan.bozsoki@itu.int