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Bhatnagar EMF usaglašenost mreže i uređaja
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Bhatnagar EMF usaglašenost mreže i uređaja

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  • 1. 1INDIAN STUDY RESULTsonEMF compliance Networks and DevicesRakesh Kumar Bhatnagar, Advisor (Technology)Department of TelecommunicationsGovernment of India+91-9868133450; bhatnagarrk@gmail.com
  • 2. Growing Tele-DensityExponential increase in a number ofCellular Towers in India with more &more subscriber addition each year.2Telecom subscribers inIndia:892 Million (Wireless segmentis the Growth Key Driver with861.7 Million subscribers)Tele-density: 75.5% (Wireless 73%, wiredline 2.5%)Feb 2013 data
  • 3.  7,36,000 mobile towers in the country with about 10 ServiceProviders in each of 22 Licensing Service Areas . Growing public concerns on possible health hazards andimpact on biota & environment due to EMF radiation fromMobile Towers /Handsets.3
  • 4.  Indian EMF Policy already presented in the previoussession Implementation from 01.09.2012 More Steps under implementation Some of Indian Inputs on Towers and Minutes ofUsage Need for EMF Radiation and Health Related Studies Need for review of existing standards Need for WHO Guidelines on Non-IonizingRadiation4
  • 5. Wall Mounted/Pole mounted Antenna posedcompliance problems•Pole mounted Antenna height ≥ 5 metre aboveground/ road level on flyovers.••No Residential place /office directly in front of theWall mounted antenna at a height comparable to theantenna in the exclusion zone.5
  • 6.  WHO in its Fact Sheet No. 193 of June 2011, hasstated that there are some indications of anincreased risk of glioma for those who reportedthe highest 10% of cumulative hours of cellphone use, although there was no consistenttrend of increasing risk with greater duration ofuse.6
  • 7. Mobile AntennaInstallationScenario(India)7
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  • 13. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU An Indian Delegation from DoT went on anofficial tour to Geneva from 19 to 22 Feb. 2013 todiscuss EMF Radiation related health issues withWHO Secretariat and Technical standards withITU13
  • 14. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU WHO quantifies risk assessments on health issues includingoccupational, environmental, personal exposure assessments afterdetailed studies and fact sheets provide the findings. Four categories ofRISK quantification are possible. These are- No risk, - Possible risk, - Probable Risk , - Risk IARC (WHO) Mobile Handset Radiation Study findings so far suggestusers with 10% higher usage as compared to rest have higher risks ofabout 40%. ‘Possible Risk’ classification ‘2B’ is applicable for the present : IARCMonographs 102. “Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields are PossiblyCARCINOGENIC to humans (Group 2B)” Page 421 Interphone, Swedish and Japanese Case Study inputs including onlimited evidence for Glioma and Acoustic Neuroma14
  • 15. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU WHO was of the view that lowering of the EMFradiation limit may not be adequate to achievethe desired results though a strong regulation onsiting of BTS Tower antennae is more important.Few countries have imposed restrictionsspecifying the horizontal distance in regards tothe installation of base station Antenna fromsensitive locations in the urban planning itself.15
  • 16. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU Slides depicting the BTS Antennas at some locationsin Mumbai will appear to be quite alarming withantennas being in very close proximity / directlyfacing residential locations (5 to 20 Met). More than 91 BTSs found Radiating at unacceptablelevels after 1st September 2012 (New Standards) Need for development and issuance of Guidelines onnon-ionizing radiation. New Tower Guidelines from 1stJune 2013.16
  • 17. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU Indian scenario with more than 10licensees in each service area along withhigh population density is quite differentfrom Europe Scientific assessment of health hazards iscarried out by IARC, Lyon, France as theirteam carries out Research on Cancer andEMF Radiation : IARC visit on 21st Feb. 2013by Indian team17
  • 18. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU IARC indicated that in Europe Mobile Towers arenot considered as a threat as Antennas are athigher levels /heights and fairly distant apart.However, Indian scenario appeared to be totallydifferent for IARC and it was felt that theirpresent research only on Mobile Hand Sets, mayneed to be reassessed. IARC was shocked to learnabout a measurement of 3.2 W/m2 in anresidential apartment in Mumbai facing a basestation just a few meters away?18
  • 19. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITUA research project focussing onmeasurements of exposure levels frombase stations in densely populatedareas and areas covered by many basestations, level of usage, andmeasurements of emissions fromregular and counterfeit mobile phones,was considered to be of great scientificinterest.19
  • 20. DIRECT NEW INPUTs from WHO, IARC (WHO) & ITU On 21st& 22nd May 2013 an ITU Workshop on EMFEstimator is being organised in Delhi. The Workshopshall fascilitate Indian Service Providers for betterevaluation on the human exposure to electromagneticfield from multiple sources of communicationinstallation, and take steps to reduce the radiationlevels in the areas around transmitting stations. New Inputs from India obtained inMarch/ April 2013 on Hand Set Usagebased on above IARC suggestion.20
  • 21. MINUTES OF USAGE PER DAY IN Hours for One Operator21LicensingAreaTop100SubsTop500SubsTop1000SubsTop5000SubsTop10000SubsTop50000SubsTop100,000SubsEntireNWA 9.9 7.1 6.2 4.3 3.7 2.4 1.9 0.19B 11.7 9.2 8.2 6.2 5.4 3.7 2.9 0.21C 13.9 10.9 9.4 6.3 5.3 3.3 2.6 0.21D 11.8 8.8 7.6 5.2 4.4 2.8 2.3 0.19E 12.2 9.7 8.7 6.7 5.9 4.2 3.5 0.28F 12.2 9.5 8.5 6.4 5.6 3.9 3.2 0.28Total 11.9 9.2 8.1 5.9 5.0 3.4 2.7 0.23
  • 22. MINUTES OF USAGE STUDY Minutes of Usage/ Hours of Mobile Hand Usage byIndian Service Providers has been collected fromIndian Mobile Operators across various LicensingService Areas. There are 22 Licensing Service Areas and on an average10 Mobile Operators in each Licensing Area Typical Results in last slide show that on an averagemore than 100,000 Mobile users of one operator inone licensed service have above 2.5 Hours usage perday as compared to similar levels per month in somestudies including INTERPHONE that provided inputsto WHO/ IARC22
  • 23. MINUTES OF USAGE STUDY More than 20 Million Mobile users in India possiblyare using Mobile phones for more than 2 Hours perday Many of them would be at locations with poorcoverage (-95 dbm, -100 dbm etc) and need for higherup-link power requirement from handset to towers Much higher levels of EMF exposure in developingworld as compared to Europe Tower and Handset usage profile as indicated abovewas one of the key factors contributing towardsIndian decision of tougher EMF standards ascompared to those of ICNIRP and adopted by ITU23
  • 24. MINUTES OF USAGE STUDY India inviting Requests for R&D Scientific Proposals and CaseStudies on Mobile Tower and Mobile Hand Set related issues ITU need to have a relook at all Health initiatives through StudyGroups Possibly a new ITU Focus Group on ‘EMF Radiation & HealthIssues’ cutting across ITU-T, ITU-R and ITU-D IARC and WHO should go further from IARC Monographs 102findings with focus on higher level of Mobile Hand set usage indeveloping countries as compared to much lower levels inEurope. Higher Mobile Tariffs than fixed in Europe and comparableTeledensity of 100+ for both Mobile & Fixed Lines in Europe Comparable Mobile & Fixed tariffs and manifold higher Mobileteledensity in developing countries Much Higher Levels of Mobile Minutes of Usage in Developingcountries needs a more focussed attention of ITU/ WHO/IARC(WHO)24
  • 25. Thank You25