RWANDA APPROACH TO EMFRADIATION PROTECTIONFrancis NGABODirector ICT Scarce Resources ManagementRwanda Utilities Regulatory...
OUTLINE• Rwanda ICT Landscape• EMF Protection approach• Public concern EMF• Compliance assessment• SAR Level• Way ForwardW...
Telecom LandscapeThe Telecom landscape in Rwanda is mainlycomposed of:– 03 Telecom operators– 05 Internet Service Provider...
Electromagnetic Field ProtectionApproach• With the development of ICT infrastructure in the country,the general public sta...
• The guidelines are mainly based on ICNIRPGuidelines, ITU-T Recommendation K.52 andother best practices observed elsewher...
• The Regulatory Authority, further developedguidelines for telecom infrastructure sharing,which provides directives to fo...
Compliance Assessment• With the development of Guidelines forInfrastructure sharing and Guidelines for EMFRadiation protec...
• On regular basis, theRegulatory Authorityconducts country wideEMF measurement to assessthe level of EMF radiation tothe ...
• Example of the results obtained in themeasurementActualValueStandardValueWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic Fi...
ActualValueStandardValueWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 10
SAR Level Measurement• With the difficulty to measure the SAR and thehigh cost to establish a Test lab for SARMeasurement,...
• Way Forwards?– Improve communication between stakeholdersand inform the general public on EMF issues.– Continue observin...
THANK YOUFrancis.ngabo@rura.gov.rwWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 13
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Francis Ngabo PRISTUP RUANDE ZAŠTITI OD NEJONIZUJUĆEG ELKTROMAGNETSKOG ZRAČENJA

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Francis Ngabo PRISTUP RUANDE ZAŠTITI OD NEJONIZUJUĆEG ELKTROMAGNETSKOG ZRAČENJA

  1. 1. RWANDA APPROACH TO EMFRADIATION PROTECTIONFrancis NGABODirector ICT Scarce Resources ManagementRwanda Utilities Regulatory AuthorityRURAItaly, Turin 9 May 2013
  2. 2. OUTLINE• Rwanda ICT Landscape• EMF Protection approach• Public concern EMF• Compliance assessment• SAR Level• Way ForwardWorkshop on Human Exposure to ElectromagneticFieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 2
  3. 3. Telecom LandscapeThe Telecom landscape in Rwanda is mainlycomposed of:– 03 Telecom operators– 05 Internet Service Providers– 14 Broadcasting sites for Radio and Television• 90 % geographical coverage in Digital TV• 98 % geographical coverage in FM Radio• 56.1 % of Mobile Penetration• Close to 1000 BTS• Optical fiber reaching all districts and boarder postsWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 3
  4. 4. Electromagnetic Field ProtectionApproach• With the development of ICT infrastructure in the country,the general public started raising the questions andconcerns over the EMF hazard.• The Regulatory Authority has handled in the past severalcases of people complaining about illness allegedly due tothe proximity of Telecom infrastructure.• In 2009, the Regulatory Authority developed Guidelines toprotect the public against hazardous EMF radiation.http://www.rura.gov.rw/docs/Board_Decisions/GUIDELINES_EMF.pdfWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 4
  5. 5. • The guidelines are mainly based on ICNIRPGuidelines, ITU-T Recommendation K.52 andother best practices observed elsewhere.• The Guidelines specify the allowed radiationlimits for the General Public and the Operators orRF practitioners in the vicinity of the transmitter.• The document further provide guidelines for thesiting and installation of the RF Device, thesignage, fences etc.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 5
  6. 6. • The Regulatory Authority, further developedguidelines for telecom infrastructure sharing,which provides directives to followthe EMF radiation protectionbased on ICNIRP values.• In 2012, the Authoritypurchased an equipmentto measure the EMFRadiation.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 6
  7. 7. Compliance Assessment• With the development of Guidelines forInfrastructure sharing and Guidelines for EMFRadiation protection, concerned stakeholderswere informed on the compliance assessment:http://rura.gov.rw/docs/Board_Decisions/GUIDELINES_SITING_SHARINGB_BTS.pdf• The Regulatory Authority reserves the right toconduct both regular and unannouncedinspections to any site of the operators.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 7
  8. 8. • On regular basis, theRegulatory Authorityconducts country wideEMF measurement to assessthe level of EMF radiation tothe public.• The latest measurement wasconducted in March – April2013 and the results werepublished to assure thepublic about the safety of theTelecom and Broadcastinginfrastructures.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 8
  9. 9. • Example of the results obtained in themeasurementActualValueStandardValueWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 9
  10. 10. ActualValueStandardValueWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 10
  11. 11. SAR Level Measurement• With the difficulty to measure the SAR and thehigh cost to establish a Test lab for SARMeasurement, we are relying on data provided byMobile phone manufacturers on SAR.• In order to enforce the compliance withacceptable SAR level (2 W/kg for the head and4W/kg for the limb), we are planning to includethe checking of the IMEI number and associatedSAR Value as part of Type approval parameters forMobile phones.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 11
  12. 12. • Way Forwards?– Improve communication between stakeholdersand inform the general public on EMF issues.– Continue observing different researches and bestpractices for the protection of the general publicagainst hazardous EMR.Workshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 12
  13. 13. THANK YOUFrancis.ngabo@rura.gov.rwWorkshop on Human Exposure toElectromagnetic FieldsTorino, 9/05/2013 13

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