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  • 1. Wageningen UR & SENSOR project Marta Pérez-Soba ALTERRA Wageningen UR São Carlo Engineer School, University of São Paulo, 13 April 2010
  • 2. Wageningen UR Research – Unique chain of knowledge – From academic to applied – Top 3: Plant & Animal Sci, Agricultral Sci & Ecology and environment – Top 100 universities 5
  • 3. International orientation Students and faculty from > 100 countries 6
  • 4. Relevant trends Increasing world population and wealth – Increasing demand for food – Growing demand for safe and healthy nutrition – Reduction of the (pressure) on natural resources such as water – More pressure on environment, land usage and nature Scarcity of sweet water and energy Competing claims: Food of Energy Growing concern over climatic changes Concern over global infectious diseases (animals/humans) Higher life-expectancy of Western population, global high birth-rate Increasing urbanisation and population density 7
  • 5. The Wageningen approach: biological and social Planet Society institutions Policy & limiting conditions Ecosystem Community Organism technologies Household Products Cell Individual Gene/ Molecule Gene/ Molecule planet profit people 8
  • 6. Investing in new themes Themes for society – Bio-based economy (use of biomass) – Climate resistent coastal areas – Food, Health, Behaviour 9
  • 7. Investing in fields of expertise Themes for society – Bio-based economy (use of biomass) – Climate resistent coastal areas – Food, Health, Behaviour Enabling science and technology – Bio-nanotechnology (for food) – Systems biology (i.r.t. genomics) – Linking scales and governance 10
  • 8. Co-innovation Entrepreneurs Research CO- INNOVATION Stakeholders Education 11
  • 9. Wageningen UR Management Board 3500 3000 Wageningen staff staff Agricultural University 5000 Research Service students Dept. of Plant Sience Plant Research International Dept. of Animal Science Inst. of Animal Science Dept. of Food Science Agrotechnology and Food Science Dept. of Social Science Agro-Economics Institute Environmental Sciences Group Dept. of Environmental Alterra Science 12
  • 10. Environmental Sciences Group Directors Financial and Economic Affairs Human Resource Management Staff and Directors Office: Strategy, Communication, Legal Advisors, support Tender Support Facility services Centre Centre Centre Centre Centre for for for for for Water Landscape Ecosystems Soil Science Geo and Studies Studies Information Climate 13
  • 11. Climate change causes and impact: worldwide Leemans et al. 14
  • 12. Climate change adaptation: hotspots in NL Three rivers Schiphol Weak spots in coastal defense 15
  • 13. Climate change adaptation: safety 16
  • 14. Adaptation: Floating cities and greenhouses Image courtesy Dura Vermeer Image courtesy www.tuinbouw.nl Image courtesy www.drijvende kas.nl 17
  • 15. Our clients Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality Other ministries Local and regional governments Nature conservation organizations European Union World Bank and Regional Development Banks Private sector 18
  • 16. Education in Environmental Sciences 6 Bachelor programs 12 Master programs PhD programs 19
  • 17. MSc programs (in English) Climate Change (Earth Systems Science) Environmental Sciences Forest and Nature Conservation Geo-Information Science Hydrology and Water Quality International Land and Water Management Landscape Architecture and Planning Leisure, Tourism and Environment Meteorology and Air Quality Soil Science Urban Environment Management 20
  • 18. The SENSOR project experience
  • 19. EU Policy Impact Assessment Guidelines (2006) – ‘The decision to develop a policy…….should be based on sound analysis fed by the best data available. Impact assessment (IA) is a key tool ….’ – ‘A formal IA is required for items on the Commission’s Work Programme. All regulatory proposals, White Papers, expenditure programmes and negotiating guidelines for international agreements….’ 22
  • 20. EU projects under FP6 Land use Coastal zones agriculture forestry urban management Carbon and nitrogen cycles Taken from presentation EC scientific officer Daniel Deybe 23
  • 21. EU projects under FP6 Matisse Adam Sensor Land use Lupis Coastal zones agriculture forestry urban management Insea Eforwood Plurel Spicosa Seamless Carbon and nitrogen cycles Carbo-europe Nitro-europe Taken from presentation EC scientific officer Daniel Deybe Carbo-africa 24
  • 22. Two trends in research “Top down processes” “Bottom up processes” Impact studies Design studies Evaluation of policies Regional development Objectives are defined Objectives and indicators Researchers develop defined interacting with indicators the researchers Researcher define Researcher have a normative targets facilitator role SENSOR MATISSE? 25
  • 23. SENSOR in a nut-shell Multifunctional Interdisciplinary Interaction between spatial + time scales and three dimensions of sustainability 19 member states, 38 research institutions including Alterra (as second partner) and EMBRAPA 2004-2009 Budget: 12.6 M € 26
  • 24. SENSOR… Develops an ex-ante Sustainability Impact Assessment tool for land use in European Union – Impact on economic, environmental and social aspects – Multifunctional land use – EU27 + Norway + Switzerland – Multi-scale: member states and regions Makes use of existing datasets 27
  • 25. The project team 28
  • 26. SENSOR overall objective Build a tool that can support decision makers to anticipate the effects of their policies Integral weighting of the three sustainability dimensions 29
  • 27. Sustainability (3 D) SPACE SOCIETAL Policy makers Scientists ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTAL Stakeholders TIME 30
  • 28. Sustainability: integrative concept Normative Many assumptions and definitions Discipline dependent Region dependent Cultural dependent 31
  • 29. It refers always to a value that is offered by a location Value Usability Experience Future Monetary, non-monetary PhD Termorshuizen, Landscape ecology 2009 32
  • 30. Physical structure determines the functioning that leads to the defined value Physical Function Value structure objective subjective 33
  • 31. Example Physical Function Value structure Soil, water, climate in Sao Production of Sustainability Paulo state sugarcane image agricultural Reduction of GHG areas emissions; energy safety 34
  • 32. The missing link European Regional Local 35
  • 33. Scientific result Book: Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes 20 papers in peer reviewed journals 36
  • 34. Tool: Land Use Functions 37
  • 35. Many indicators Individual indicators – detailed view but not the integrated picture Pesticide use Carbon sequestration Verweij and te Roller, Alterra, 2009 38
  • 36. 39
  • 37. THE NINE LUFs 40
  • 38.    41
  • 39. 42
  • 40. Aggregation scheme Parachinni et al (2009) 43
  • 41.    44
  • 42.    45
  • 43. The SENSOR knowledge flow: top-down To translate the impact that EU policy scenarios have on indicators into a sustainable impact assessment at regional level Policy scenarios Policy makers and researchers TOP Database based on statistics, model outputs, Researchers case studies Indicators Policy makers and researchers LUFs Sustainability Impact Assessment of EU policies Policy makers DOWN Valuation Regional stakeholders 46 Based on the information pyramid (World Resource Institute, 1995)
  • 44. The SENSOR knowledge flow: top-down Policy scenarios Policy makers and researchers TOP Database based on statistics, model outputs, Researchers case studies Indicators Policy makers and researchers Sustainability Impact Assessment of EU policies Policy makers DOWN Valuation Regional stakeholders 47 Based on the information pyramid (World Resource Institute, 1995)
  • 45. 48
  • 46. Legend Spatial Regional Reference Framework (SRRF) Clusters Cluster Regions (SRRF 0100 MEDFOR 0200 CONFOR 0300 MEDHET 0400 MEDMIX 2700 0500 MNTMIX 3000 0801 MEDSHR1 0802 MEDSHR2 0900 MNTOPE 2600 2600 2700 1200 CONHET 2600 1300 CONMIX 2400 2800 2502 1500 CONAGR 2502 2900 2400 2800 1600 PANAGR 2000 1700 STEAGR 2501 2400 1900 1800 1800 CATARA 2000 1500 1900 2000 1900 CATPAS 12002101 1200 1300 1300 2000 CATAGR 2101 1200200 1900 2102 1800 2101 CATMIX1 2300 1300 200 1600 1300 2102 CATMIX2 1300 1300 1900 1700 900 100 1300 2300 CATFOR 1300 200 2102 1600 2400 NATAGR 400 100 500 1300 2501 NATPAS1 801 200 100 400 2502 NATPAS2 300 400 400 2600 NEMFOR 300 802 300 802 2700 BORFOR 300 300 802 2800 NEMMIX 300 2900 NEMAGR Calculated and edited by: 802 Kilometers 3000 BORSHR C. Renetzeder, T. Wrbka (UVienna) 0 250 500 1.000 1.500 49
  • 47. 50
  • 48. 51
  • 49. 52 Verweij et al (2009)
  • 50. 53
  • 51. 0 0 54
  • 52. How did the knowledge affect the decision making process? 55
  • 53. THANK YOU
  • 54. NL compared to other EU27 countries: SOCIAL 57
  • 55. NL compared to other EU27 countries: ECONOMIC 58
  • 56. NL compared to other EU27 countries:ENVIRONMENTAL 59
  • 57. NL: Land Use Functions baseline 2025 60