BIO 1BBiodiesel Benefits Presented by theNational Biodiesel Board
Topics for Today: • Reasons Smart Customers Are Using Biodiesel – Categoriza<on as Advanced Biofuel – Emissions Beneﬁts – Energy Balance – Sustainability – Energy Security – Health Beneﬁts – Economic Beneﬁts – Ease of usage – Technical Credulity and ASTM – Fuel Quality and BQ-‐9000 2
Learning Objectiveso Provide comprehensive information why customers are using biodiesel. o Provideaccess to industry experts for more detailed questions and answers about biodiesel o Introducethe National Biodiesel Board as a technically credible resource for information.
Learning Outcomes • Be able to answer general questions about biodiesel that you may be asked as a technician • Be able to identify the key reasons why customers want biodiesel • Be able to explain the importance of biodiesel fuel quality and the BQ-9000 program • Be able to understand the increase of biodiesel volumes entering the consumer market.
Top 10 Reasons Why Smart Customers Are Using Biodiesel Why Biodiesel? 5
#1 – America’s Advanced Biofuel • Biodiesel is America’s ﬁrst domes<cally produced, commercially available Advanced Biofuel and meets EPA requirements for inclusion and use under the new Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS-‐2). • RFS-‐2 mandates 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel be used by obligated par<es (i.e. reﬁners) by 2022 – 1 billion gallons biomass based diesel, – 4 billion gallons un-‐diﬀeren<ated advanced biofuel • 2011 Volume Requirement = 800 Million Gallons • 2012 = 1 Billion Gallons • 2013 = 1.28 Billion Gallons 6
Volume Standards as Set Forth in RFS2 TotalConventional Total Renewable + Advanced = Renewable Fuel Fuels Non -Cellulosic Advanced Biomass Based Diesel + Advanced + Cellulosic = Total Advanced Advanced
#2 – Lower Emissions • U.S. biodiesel reduces lifecycle carbon emissions by 57% – 86% compared to petrodiesel, qualifying it as an Advanced Biofuel under RFS-‐2 and making it the best carbon reduc<on tool of any liquid fuel commercially available. – Biodiesel from Waste Oils, Waste Grease and Animal Fats = 86% reduc<on in GHG Emissions – Biodiesel from Soy based oils = 57% reduc<on in GHG Emissions 8
#3 – High Energy Balance • Biodiesel has the highest energy balance of any commercially available fuel, returning 5.54 units of renewable energy for every 1 unit of fossil energy needed to produce it. • Compression Igni<on Plaeorm (i.e. diesel engine system) is 30% More Fuel Eﬃcient Than Spark Igni<on (i.e. gasoline, CNG, propane) 9
#4 – Sustainability • Biodiesel is produced from a variety of renewable resources, such as plant oils, animal fats, recycled grease, and even algae, making it one of the most sustainable fuels on the planet. • With biodiesel, you don’t sacriﬁce food for fuel. Oils and fats for biodiesel are a minor by-‐product of producing food for humans and animals. – Soybeans are 80% protein, 20% oil – No one grows livestock for its fat content – No one cooks more fried food to get used oil for biodiesel 10
#5 – Energy Security • Biodiesel produc<on reduces our dependence on foreign oil from unstable parts of the world, while expanding and diversifying our domes<c reﬁnery capacity. • Biodiesel is a low cost op<on for turning oils and fats into usable fuel diesel applica<ons: – Low capital cost for facili.es – Low processing costs • 80% of product cost is from oil/fat – Biodiesel produced in the U.S. in 2008 displaced 38.1 million barrels of crude oil 11
An Advanced Biofuel Available Now Over 150 Biodiesel plants nationwide with over 2.0 Billion GPY of Capacity
#6 – Bejer For Your Health • Biodiesel is: – Biodegradable – Nontoxic: • LD50 =17.4 g/Kg -‐ less toxic than table salt • Skin irrita<on less than that of 4% soap and water solu<on – Safer to handle: Flash point above 200 Degrees F, Non-‐Reac<ve, Non-‐Corrosive • Compared to petrodiesel, biodiesel reduces black smoke (par<culates), Carbon Monoxide, and harmful unburned hydrocarbons that cause smog.
#7 – Economic Beneﬁts • Biodiesel helps our U.S. economy and improves our balance of trade. • Using biodiesel creates added outlets for farm based products and high paid manufacturing jobs in rural parts of our country. • The 1.1 billion gallons of biodiesel produced in the U.S. in 2011 created more than 39,027 U.S. jobs and provided $2.1 billion in household income. 14
U.S. Biodiesel Produc<on by Calendar Year Volume in RFS-‐2 Implemented Gallons Biodiesel Tax Credit Extended 1,200,000,000 1.1 Billion Economic Downturn 1,000,000,000 RFS2 Uncertainty Lapse of Biodiesel Tax Credit 691 800,000,000 Million 545 500 Million 600,000,000 Million 315 400,000,000 Million 224 112 Million Million 200,000,000 0 2005 1 2006 2 2007 3 2008 4 2009 5 2010 6 2011 7
#8 – Ease of Use & Performance • Using Biodiesel is easy! • B20 and lower blends are a drop-‐in replacement for diesel fuel • Can be used in any diesel engine / vehicle without modiﬁca<on, according to OEM’s recommenda<ons – Visit www.biodiesel.org/resources/oems for OEM posi<ons • No trade-‐oﬀs in terms of engine performance, fuel economy, horsepower, torque – same as diesel • Dispensed through exis<ng fueling sta<ons 16
Distribu<on Infrastructure • Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are now available na<onwide from more than: – 1,495 Distributors – 1,330 Retailers – 775 Truck Stops – 3,600 Public Loca<ons Total • Visit the NBB website at: www.biodiesel.org/ buyingbiodiesel/ or www.biotrucker.com to view biodiesel retailers near you, by state, or along a route
# 9 – ASTM Speciﬁca<ons & Technical Credibility • Biodiesel produc<on is guided by stringent ASTM fuel speciﬁca<ons, developed through years of tes<ng. • The biodiesel industry works closely with OEMs and Petroleum companies to iden<fy needed technical informa<on • Con<nued investment to answer technical ques<ons that arise is something that sets the biodiesel industry apart from other new fuels • ASTM specs are con<nually being evaluated & improved 18
Biodiesel Speciﬁca<ons ASTM Standards for Biodiesel • ASTM D6751 is the approved standard for B100 for blending up to B20, in eﬀect since 2001 – Performance-‐based standard: Feedstock and Process Neutral – 48 states have now legisla<vely adopted the ASTM D6751 speciﬁca<ons for biodiesel • D975 – Covers petrodiesel and blends up to 5% biodiesel maximum for on/oﬀ road engines • D7467 – Covers blends containing 6% to 20% biodiesel for on/oﬀ road engines 19
ASTM Current Status • D975 (on/oﬀ road diesel): Details for up to 5% biodiesel – Performance based for engines – Must meet same exact speciﬁca<ons as petro-‐only – B100 must meet D6751 prior to blending – B5 is now fungible with diesel fuel, just like other components that can be used to make D975 fuel • D7467: Details for B6 to B20 for on/oﬀ road diesel engines • Designed so that if B100 meets D6751 and petro diesel meets D975, B6 to B20 blends will meet their speciﬁca<ons • Important quality control is at B100 level
Addi<onal Fuel Quality Controls • States’ Adop<on of ASTM D6751 into law – 2007: 27 states – 2011: 48 states (AK, NJ remain) • Ac<ve Enforcement – 2007: 8 states – 2011: 18 states
#10 – BQ-‐9000 & Fuel Quality • The biodiesel industry has an excellent fuel quality program called BQ-‐9000 (www.bq-‐9000.org). • Helps ensure that only the highest quality biodiesel mee<ng ASTM speciﬁca<ons gets put into your fuel tanks. 22
BQ-‐9000 Program • Biodiesel Industry’s equivalent to an ISO 9000 program for biodiesel produc<on & distribu<on companies as well as tes<ng labs • BQ-‐9000 works hand-‐in-‐hand with the ASTM speciﬁca<ons for biodiesel • Quality Control System covers biodiesel manufacturing, sampling, tes<ng, blending, storage, shipping, distribu<on • ASTM Grade Fuel, BQ-‐9000 Companies 23
Biodiesel Resources www.biodiesel.org • Biodiesel Training Toolkit • News Releases & Informa<on Resources • Technical Library, Spec Sheets & Videos • OEM Warranty Posi<ons on Biodiesel • U.S. Diesel Vehicle List www.BQ-‐9000.org • Lis<ng of BQ-‐9000 Cer<ﬁed Companies www.biodieselsustainability.com www.allthingsbiodiesel.com • Biodiesel merchandise, literature, pump labels and more! 24
Thank You! Questions…? Rachel Burton Call NBB at 1-‐800-‐841-‐5849 OEM Diesel Technician Training Visit www.biodiesel.org Program firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 919-‐444-‐3495 25
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