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Biodiversity Gone | Biocity Studio

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We created a scenario where Scientists discovered a cure for the AIDS virus from the Cumberland Plain Land Snail of Western Sydney. Unfortunately the destruction of this ecosystem has led to its ...

We created a scenario where Scientists discovered a cure for the AIDS virus from the Cumberland Plain Land Snail of Western Sydney. Unfortunately the destruction of this ecosystem has led to its extinction. This presentation offers solutions to preserve the biodiversity of this region.

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  • “A catastrophe in the fight against the AIDS virus epidemic has occurred today here in Sydney. Scientists have revealed they had found a cure for AIDS only to have their discovery squandered by the extinction of the little known Cumberland Plain Land Snail of Western Sydney. This seemingly insignificant mollusc with multi-billion dollar potential and global significance has slipped from our grasp. The question as to the cause of this lost was announced by the NSW Environment Minister, as he conceded responsibility lied with the failings of planning strategies that resulted in the destruction of the vital ecosystem the snail required for survival. He singled out the old 2005 Sydney Metropolitan Strategy as a driver behind housing policy and continued land releases for development in Sydney from 2007 to 2028. An embarrassing blunder for Sydney and Australia on the world stage”.This the scenario we have foreseen in the year 2032 through loss of biodiversity. Its basis is a demonstration of the intrinsic value of a biodiverse ecosystem and that we don’t know what it is worth until it is too late. It is a story of mucus, symbiosis and predators. The mucus left in the snail trail of the rare Cumberland Plain Land snail contained an enzyme that was the focus of an AIDS cure. The snail feeds on a particular fungus growing on the roots of a tree in the CPW. A carnivorous snail then feeds on the land Snail and its excrement contains a more potent synergised enzyme that is the ultimate cure.  Unfortunately the discovery comes about in tandem as the last pristine ecology of the snails habitat is bulldozed despite assurances that ecologies can be restored by man what nature took millions of years to create. This is called biodiversity.Irony of the story: the indivual snail was only This the scenario we have foreseen in the year 2032 through loss of biodiversity. It about the web of life in a lost ecosystem and how a potential cure for the AIDS epidemic was found to be contained in the mucus of a rare Land snail which became extinct, wiped out by urban expansion.
  • Definition of BIODIVERSITYbiodiversity is the variety of all life forms: different plants, animals, the genes they contain and the ecosystems in which they liveIts a resource and infrastructure for the city that we take for grantedWhat gives Sydney its character - surrounded by Natural bushland preserved in National parks, Wilderness area of the Blue Mountains, the diverse marine environment of the sea, harbour and wetlands
  • Sydney basin one the most biodiverse and densely populated regions in Australia. How do we integrate population growth with biodiversity?fragmentation 
  • When we refer to Biodiversity, we need to make a clear distinction between these two typologies. no consideration for invertebrates or associations between species that make it one sustainable organism.We continue to believe the bush can be re-made once it has been cleared, or we can justify its removal by compensation by making a park or replanting an area. This is far from realityEg. Western Sydney ParklandsInterview with Doug Benson a week ago
  • Sydney’s obsession will suburbia. Not sustainable. Continued government land release to developers. Sydney Metropolitan Strategy: focused on the need to house 1.1million more people by 2030.
  • Only last month, the NSW Scientific Committee made a preliminary decision upgrading Cumberland Plain Woodland’s status from endangered to critically endangeredSource: Nature Conservation Council NSW
  • Stage 1 Complete Protection of Remaining 11,000 hectares(Legislation will be immediately passed by the NSW Government to place an emergency protection order over all CPW areas classified as such as a precautionary measure. Any privately owned areas will be obtained by compulsory Acquisition by the Commonwealth. The New legislation will enforce stringent laws and severe penalties will be enforced on any breach. A new effective monitoring system will be devised to prosecute offenders ie. Satellite Photography documentation. Eg. Not one infringement ever issued for land clearing in NSW??
  • Stage 2 Scientific Classification and Rezoning Once scientific data is available as to the level, size and integrity through of each remaining pocket of vegetation distinction can be made and each authority will be forced to relinquish all land classified as ‘to be protected’ Scientific assessment to determine exactly what areas should be combined to form a Listed National Heritage Area Scientific data will form the basis of an assessment vetted by t he NSW Scientific Committee. This will be based on scientific data not economics to determine value in terms of biodiversity
  • Stage 3 Formation of a National Heritage AreaFinally the remaining Cumberland Plain Woodland areas are united to form a single National Heritage Area for the People of Australia, and a species insurance policy for never to be compromised for future generations.
  • Stage 1 Amendments to the NSW Department of Education CurriculumWe know that change can be slow so our ultimate goal is to have a complete change in our value system in terms of the importance of biodiversity and its intrinsic value in one generation.Our most optimistic hope, although slow. We acknowledge that there have been great leaps forward in Environmental Education. It has come along way since Mark was at school and was non existent when I was at school. Based on our research of children and school teachers Environment and biodiversity should be pervasive in all subjects so that students will see that they are part of the environment and not separate from it.I have read the NSW government education policy and the word biodiversity is not mentioned. I guess it is the first thing we can change.Currently emphasises local actions in the context of global responsibility.Much mention is made of sustainabilityEcological sustainable developmentManagement of school groundsUse of water tanks etcHowever the word biodiversity is not mentionedMore emphasis should be put on not only the importance of the environment but the relationship between the Built Environment and the natural environment and the conflicts that can arise. Biodiversity is not just about rainforest but about all biological systems.
  • Stage 2 Federally funded public awareness CampaignMore of a short term solution but, humans need to realise that we are sharing this planet. Population increase is feasible although the population will have to be confined in more medium density housing on land that has been previously disturbed through previous human impact.An informed community will realise Biodiversity is more than a rainforest, more than a menagerie of cute and furry animalsThis realisation will encourage community participation in local environmental reparation works and vigilance ensuring the protection of biodiversity in any remaining threatened habitats we have.
  • ExtinctionWe are not in tune with our environment in the way so called primative indigenous communities were. Look at what we have done in the space of just over 200 years.Our presentation is based on a local issue.. However loss of biodiversity is a regional, state, national and global issue

Biodiversity Gone | Biocity Studio Biodiversity Gone | Biocity Studio Presentation Transcript

  • BACKGROUND
    What is
    biodiversity?
    “biodiversity is the variety of all life forms: different plants, animals, the genes they contain and the
    ecosystems in which they live”
    Biodiversity in Sydney
    SYDNEY BASIN BIOREGION
    SYDNEY SURROUNDS SATELLITE IMAGE
  • BACKGROUND
    =
  • BACKGROUND
    “Once a ecosystem has been removed, it can NEVER be replaced”
    Doug Benson (Senior Plant Ecologist Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney)
    Source: Personal Interview 13th February 2009
    Native Garden or Park
    • Minimal ecological value
    • Intense Horticulture
    • Minimal diversity of species
    • Aesthetically pleasing (generalised)
    • Unsustainable
    • Recreation
    Eg’s
    Western Sydney Regional Parklands
    Centennial Park
    Undisturbed Plant Community
    • Complete ecosystem
    • Remnant vegetation
    • Vast diversity of species
    • Aesthetically boring (generalised)
    • Self Sufficient
    • Cure for AIDS??
    Eg’s
    Cumberland Plain Woodland
    Sydney Ironbark-Turpentine Forest
    Sandstone Heathland
    What’s The Difference?
  • BACKGROUND
    1788
    2009
    2032 ?
    Sydney’s Urban Expansion swallowing up ecosystems
  • BACKGROUND
    Sydney Metro covering 125,446 Ha: Pre 1750 European
    Sydney Metro covering 125,446 Ha: Today
    Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
    Threatened Species Conservation Act
  • SOLUTIONS
  • Stage 1: Protection of Remaining 11,000 hectares
     Stage 2 Scientific Classification and Rezoning
     Stage 3 Formation of a National Heritage Area
    SOLUTIONS
    Current Situation
    Proposed Solution
    Source: Mark Tozer
    NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Cunninghamia 8(1): 2003
  • Stage 1: Protection of Remaining 11,000 hectares
    Stage 2 : Scientific Classification and Rezoning
    Stage 3 Formation of a National Heritage Area
    SOLUTIONS
    MANAGED BY
    New South Wales Scientific Committee 2002
    Bankstown City Council 2003
    LandArc Pty Ltd 2003
    NSW NPWS 1999; NSW Scientific Committee 2002
    Vlaming 2005
    Vlaming 2005
    Environmental Partnerships 2004
    Campbelltown City Council 2003
    Vlaming 2005
    Benson 1992; Bankstown City Council 2003
    Department of Environment & Conservation 2005
    Benson 1992
    NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service 2002c
    NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service 2002c
    Morris & Wood 2001
    Campbelltown City Council undated
    Vlaming 2005
    Douglas 2000
    Douglas 2000
    Bankstown City Council 2003 , NSW NPWS 2002c
    LandArc Pty Ltd 2003b
    Bankstown City Council 2003
    Douglas 2000
    NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service 2007
    Hunneyball 2007
    AREA
    Agnes Banks Nature Reserve
    Bellevue Reserve
    Bruce Cole Reserve, Winston Hills
    Castlereagh Nature Reserve
    Fairfield City Farm, Abbotsbury
    Glossodia Park, Freemans Reach
    Gundungurra Reserve, Narellan Valley
    Ingleburn Reserve
    Kindelan Road Reserve
    Lansdowne Park
    Leacock Regional Park
    Longneck Lagoon Field Studies Centre
    Mount Annan Royal Botanic Garden
     Noorumba Nature Reserve
    Nurragingy Reserve, Doonside
    Pembroke Park
    Plumpton Park, Plumpton
    Prospect Lower Canal Regional Park
    Rouse Hill Regional Park
    The Crest Reserve
    Timbercutters Reserve, Winston Hills
    Walshaw park
    Western Sydney Regional Park
    Wianamatta Regional Park
    William Howe Regional Park
    Source: www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au
    the above areas may include remnants that are not part of the ecological community listed under the Environment
    Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Commonwealth). Such remnants still have conservation values as biodiversity reservoirs, faunal corridors etc.
  • Stage 1: Protection of Remaining 11,000 hectares
    Stage 2 Scientific Classification and Rezoning
    Stage 3: Formation of a National Heritage Area
    SOLUTIONS
  • SOLUTIONS
  • Stage 1: Amendments to School Curriculum
     
    Stage 2 Public Awareness Campaign
     
    SOLUTIONS
    • Get the word biodiversity into the policy
    • An absolute change of attitudes in one generation
    • Contemporary understanding of relationship between built and natural environment
  • Stage 1: Amendments to School Curriculum
     
    Stage 2: Public Awareness Campaign
     
    SOLUTIONS
    Federally funded program aimed at general community including:
    SAVE
    • Extensive media campaign
    • Community forums
    • Fact sheets
    • Education through children
    THE SNAIL
    What is biodiversity ?
    • Community participation
    • Community vigilance
  • CONCLUSIONS
    Biodiversity cannot be replaced, once it is gone it is gone for good
    It is a design crisis, we are capable of preventing the willing destruction of bio-diverse systems through education, public awareness and community participation
    We need to change our value system from one of ignorance and pure economics to one of intrinsic qualities.
    Our presentation is based on a local issue.. However loss of biodiversity is a regional, state, national and global issue
  • THANKYOU
  • Bibliography
     Benson, D.H. 2009, 14th January. Personal Phone Interview. Senior Plant Ecologist of Botanic Gardens Trust, Sydney.
     
    Benson, D.H. & Howell, J. 1990, Taken for granted, Kangaroo Press in association with the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney.
     
    Flannery, T. 2003. ‘Beautiful lies - population and environment in Australia’, Quarterly Essay, Black Inc., Melbourne.
     
    Flannery, T. 1994, The future eaters, Reed New Holland, Sydney.
    Nature Conservation Council of NSW, viewed 13th January 2009 http://nccnsw.org.au/index.php
    <http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/determinations/cumberlandplainpd.htm>
    Flannery, T. 1994, The future eaters, Reed New Holland, Sydney.
    Nature conservation council, viewed 16th January 2009, <http://nccnsw.org.au>
    NSW Government Sydney Metropolitan Strategy 2005, Crown Copyright 2005
    Personal comments, in Interview with Lotte von Richter (Technical Research Scientist, Ecology, Mount Annan Botanic Garden), recorded 16 January 2009.
    Personal comments, in Interview with Debra Little (Senior Horticulturist Natural Heritage, Mount Annan Botanic Garden), recorded 16 January 2009.
    Personal comments, in Interview with Doug Benson ( Senior Plant Ecologist Royal Botanic Garden Trust, Sydney), recorded 13 January 2009.
    School of Earth Sciences, viewed 16th January 2009, <arthsci.unimelb.edu.au/antarctica/plateTectonics.html>
    Total environment centre, viewed 16th January 2009, http://www.tec.org.au
    Wilkins, S.,Keith, D., Adam, P., 2003 Measuring Success: Evaluating the restoration of a grassy Eucalypt Woodland on the Cumberland Plain, Sydney, Australia, Restoration Ecology Vol.11 No. 4 pp.489-503
    http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/bioregions/SydneyBasin-Biodiversity.htm
    https://www.wilderness.org.au/articles/cycle
    http://www.metrostrategy.nsw.gov.au/dev/ViewPage.action?siteNodeId=81&languageId=1&contentId=557
    http://sydney.cma.nsw.gov.au/
    http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/
    http://www.anra.gov.au/