By MT Banh  3217581 & Liz Kimbell  3217063 BENV 2106  BIOCITY
WE’RE  ALL  MADE OF WATER! Two thirds of the earth's surface covered by water...
HUMAN BODY =  75  PER CENT WATER
OUR WATER TODAY <ul><li>6,876,575,040  people as of 5.22 pm Wednesday 14 th  January 2009 </li></ul>
OUR WATER TODAY “ Only  2.4%  of EARTH  is FRESH WATER” “ Less than  1%  of all  freshwater  is available for  human use” ...
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: National Library of Australia
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Architecture
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Flikr Tank Stream
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Water Busby’s Bore
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Water Botany Swamps Scheme Engines at Botany Pumping Station (demolished)
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Australian Railway Historical Society Upper Nepean Scheme Upper Nepean Dam Wall
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.ghht.com Woronara
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.abc.com.au Warragamba Dam
SYDNEY’s WATER SUPPLY <ul><li>Sydney today has a water storage capacity described as “one of the largest domestic water su...
SYDNEY’s WATER SUPPLY <ul><li>Sydney –  </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million megalitres of water  in 21 dams </li></ul><ul><li>OR...
SYDNEY’S CATCHMENT AREAS <ul><li>Sydney’s demand for water is currently met by: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A ne...
 
WARRAGAMBA DAM <ul><li>Warragamba dam provides 80% of Sydney’s drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity:  2,031,000   meg...
WARRAGAMBA DAM Equates to 2,031,000  Olympic Size Swimming Pools Source:Flikr
WARRAGAMBA DAM <ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>FOUR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>times  the  volume of water  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Source:Destination360
WHY WARRANGAMBA? <ul><li>Firstly , it had a large catchment area and  </li></ul><ul><li>secondly the river flowed through ...
HOW THE DAM WORKS <ul><li>Warragamba Dam supplies bulk water to  three  Sydney Water filtration plants (Prospect, Orchard ...
HOW THE DAM WORKS <ul><li>The  best  quality water  is  </li></ul><ul><li>selected  and  </li></ul><ul><li>drawn </li></ul...
 
SYDNEY’S WATER CYCLE Source: Sydney Water
AVERAGE WATER USE PER PERSON PER DAY 2008 Sydney: 360 L England: 146-170 L America: 300-375 L Source: data360.org
SYDNEY WATER PER CAPITA WATER CONSUMPTION
DRINKING WATER CONSUMPTION IN SYDNEY BY SECTOR, 2004–05   Source: 2006 SOE
WITHIN RESIDENTIAL… Source: Kimbell 2009, Sydney Water
EXISTING PROBLEMS <ul><li>Management of the water system </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Lea...
THE FUTURE <ul><li>Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>NSW Government’s 2006 Metropolitan Water Plan </li>...
DESALINATION PLANT <ul><li>Increase water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Important because it is not dependent on rainfall </li>...
The  1 8km  pipeline will  connect  the desalination plant to Sydney’s water supply in  Erskinevill e. Source: Sydney Water
WHERE THE WATER GOES? Source: Sydney Water
THANK YOU <ul><li>“ We all have access to the same water, </li></ul><ul><li>We’re all in the same boat” </li></ul><ul><li>...
BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Aboriginal Heritage Office 2008, Brief Aboriginal History around Sydney, viewed 14 th  January 2009, ...
<ul><li>Mannix I 2008, We’re water savers, August 26, ABC, viewed 14 th  January 2009,  </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.abc....
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.ghht.com Blue Mountains Dam
WATER RESTRICTIONS <ul><li>Mandatory  water restrictions came into force across  Sydney, the Illawarra  and the  Blue Moun...
LIMITATIONS OF FUTURE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Skills shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing and long term projects </li></ul><ul><...
EFFECTS OF WATER INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Flora and fauna </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental flows </li></ul><ul><li>Clean land...
HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.naturalresources. gov.au The Shoalhaven Scheme
 
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Sydney’s Water - Grey water, Water efficiency programs, Desalination Plant and early lead detection | Biocity Studio

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Sydney’s water demand is currently met by 11 major damns, recycled water and water pumped from the Shoalhaven River. Warragamba dam provides Sydney with 80% of Sydney drinking water supply. Sydney’s high demand for water has forced the NSW Government to come up with a Metropolitan Plan for Sydney, by creating more Grey water, Water efficiency programs, Desalination Plant and early lead detection.

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Sydney’s Water - Grey water, Water efficiency programs, Desalination Plant and early lead detection | Biocity Studio

  1. 1. By MT Banh 3217581 & Liz Kimbell 3217063 BENV 2106 BIOCITY
  2. 2. WE’RE ALL MADE OF WATER! Two thirds of the earth's surface covered by water...
  3. 3. HUMAN BODY = 75 PER CENT WATER
  4. 4. OUR WATER TODAY <ul><li>6,876,575,040 people as of 5.22 pm Wednesday 14 th January 2009 </li></ul>
  5. 5. OUR WATER TODAY “ Only 2.4% of EARTH is FRESH WATER” “ Less than 1% of all freshwater is available for human use” Source: Water International 2008
  6. 6. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: National Library of Australia
  7. 7. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Architecture
  8. 8. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Flikr Tank Stream
  9. 9. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Water Busby’s Bore
  10. 10. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Sydney Water Botany Swamps Scheme Engines at Botany Pumping Station (demolished)
  11. 11. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source: Australian Railway Historical Society Upper Nepean Scheme Upper Nepean Dam Wall
  12. 12. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.ghht.com Woronara
  13. 13. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.abc.com.au Warragamba Dam
  14. 14. SYDNEY’s WATER SUPPLY <ul><li>Sydney today has a water storage capacity described as “one of the largest domestic water supplies in the world, able to store four times as much per capita as New York’s water supplies and nine times as much as London’s </li></ul><ul><li>(Flannery 2005) </li></ul>
  15. 15. SYDNEY’s WATER SUPPLY <ul><li>Sydney – </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million megalitres of water in 21 dams </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million Olympic Sized Swimming Pools </li></ul>
  16. 16. SYDNEY’S CATCHMENT AREAS <ul><li>Sydney’s demand for water is currently met by: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A network of 11 major dams supplying drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>A large number of recycling schemes which save drinking water for drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Transferring water from the Shoalhaven River </li></ul><ul><li>A wide range of water saving programs for homes, businesses and farms. </li></ul><ul><li>These Five catchment areas encompass the 21 dams. </li></ul><ul><li>Warragamba Dam </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Nepean dams </li></ul><ul><li>Shoalhaven system </li></ul><ul><li>Woronora Dam </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Mountains dams </li></ul>
  17. 18. WARRAGAMBA DAM <ul><li>Warragamba dam provides 80% of Sydney’s drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 2,031,000 megalitres </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>2,031,000 Olympic Size Swimming Pools </li></ul><ul><li>9,050 square kilometres captured </li></ul>
  18. 19. WARRAGAMBA DAM Equates to 2,031,000 Olympic Size Swimming Pools Source:Flikr
  19. 20. WARRAGAMBA DAM <ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>FOUR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>times the volume of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of Sydney Harbour… </li></ul></ul>Source:Destination360
  20. 21. Source:Destination360
  21. 22. WHY WARRANGAMBA? <ul><li>Firstly , it had a large catchment area and </li></ul><ul><li>secondly the river flowed through a long, narrow gorge. </li></ul><ul><li> A comparatively tall and narrow dam capable of impounding a vast amount of water could be built </li></ul><ul><li>Its potential was identified as early as 1845 , HOWEVER, plans deferred during the construction of the Upper Nepean dams between 1907 and 1935. </li></ul><ul><li>An increasing demand for water from expanding population, and a record drought from 1934 to 1942 , forced the development of Warragamba Dam to ensure a reliable water supply. </li></ul>
  22. 23. HOW THE DAM WORKS <ul><li>Warragamba Dam supplies bulk water to three Sydney Water filtration plants (Prospect, Orchard Hills and Warragamba), where it is filtered and distributed to people living in Sydney and the lower Blue Mountains . </li></ul>
  23. 24. HOW THE DAM WORKS <ul><li>The best quality water is </li></ul><ul><li>selected and </li></ul><ul><li>drawn </li></ul><ul><li> through screens on three outlets in </li></ul><ul><li>the upstream face of the dam. </li></ul>
  24. 26. SYDNEY’S WATER CYCLE Source: Sydney Water
  25. 27. AVERAGE WATER USE PER PERSON PER DAY 2008 Sydney: 360 L England: 146-170 L America: 300-375 L Source: data360.org
  26. 28. SYDNEY WATER PER CAPITA WATER CONSUMPTION
  27. 29. DRINKING WATER CONSUMPTION IN SYDNEY BY SECTOR, 2004–05 Source: 2006 SOE
  28. 30. WITHIN RESIDENTIAL… Source: Kimbell 2009, Sydney Water
  29. 31. EXISTING PROBLEMS <ul><li>Management of the water system </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Leakages amount to 10-20% of water lost before it reaches the end user. Sydney’s water network consists of 21 000 km of pipes. </li></ul>Sources: http://geology.com http://www.clipartof.com
  30. 32. THE FUTURE <ul><li>Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>NSW Government’s 2006 Metropolitan Water Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Water efficiency programs </li></ul><ul><li>Early lead detection </li></ul><ul><li>Desalination Plant </li></ul>
  31. 33. DESALINATION PLANT <ul><li>Increase water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Important because it is not dependent on rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Powered by 100% renewable energy </li></ul>Source: Sydney Water Artist’s impression
  32. 34. The 1 8km pipeline will connect the desalination plant to Sydney’s water supply in Erskinevill e. Source: Sydney Water
  33. 35. WHERE THE WATER GOES? Source: Sydney Water
  34. 36. THANK YOU <ul><li>“ We all have access to the same water, </li></ul><ul><li>We’re all in the same boat” </li></ul><ul><li>(mtblk2009) </li></ul><ul><li> - A tip to conserve water for now, and for the future generations. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MT Banh and Liz Kimbell </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 37. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Aboriginal Heritage Office 2008, Brief Aboriginal History around Sydney, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.aboriginalheritage.org/culture/history.php > </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of Meteology 2009,, Australiam 2008 climate averages, accessed 14 January 2009, <http://www.bom.gov.au/lam/climate/levelthree/ausclim/zones.htm> </li></ul><ul><li>City of Sydney 2008, City of Sydney, viewed 14 January 2009, <http://cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/> </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Innovation in Engineering and Science Education 2005, Down the Drain, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.k12science.org/curriculum/drainproj/> </li></ul><ul><li>Data 360 2008, Average Water Use Per Person Per Day, viewed January 14 2009, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.data360.org/dsg.aspx?Data_Set_Group_Id=757> </li></ul><ul><li>J Jowit 2008, Running dry, Running out, Guardian News, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.guardian.co.uk/> </li></ul><ul><li>La Leva di Archimede, Water, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.laleva.cc/environment/water.html> </li></ul>
  36. 38. <ul><li>Mannix I 2008, We’re water savers, August 26, ABC, viewed 14 th January 2009, </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.abc.net.au/water/stories/2346621.htm> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources 2009, How big are your dams, Department of Natural resources, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.naturalresources.nsw.gov.au/water/pdf/how_big%20are_your_existing_dams-d.pdf> </li></ul><ul><li>NSW Department of Planning, 2005, City of cities: A Plan for Sydney’s Future – The Metropolitan Strategy, Dept. Of Planning, viewed on 14 th January 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>New South Wales Government 2008, Sydney Catchment Authority, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.sca.nsw.gov.au/> </li></ul><ul><li>New South Wales Government 2008, Sydney Catchment Authority, viewed 14th January 2009, </li></ul><ul><li><ttp://www.sca.nsw.gov.au/> </li></ul><ul><li>New South Wales Government 2008, State of The Environment Report 2006, Department of Environment and Climate Change, viewed 14 th January 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>< http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/soe/soe2006/index.htm> </li></ul><ul><li>Sydney Catchment Authority 2009, Annual Report 2007 – 08, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.sca.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/8689/PrintAR.pdf? </li></ul><ul><li>Sydney Water 2008, Sydney Water, viewed 14th January 2009, <http://www.sydneywater.com.au> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Sydney Water 2009, Sydney Water, Annual Report Summary 2008, viewed 14 th January 2009, <http://www.sydneywater.com.au/annualreport/pdf/Annual_Report_Summary_2008_Final.pdf> </li></ul>
  37. 39. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.ghht.com Blue Mountains Dam
  38. 40. WATER RESTRICTIONS <ul><li>Mandatory water restrictions came into force across Sydney, the Illawarra and the Blue Mountains on October 1 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently in level 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Also save resources, time and money regarding water treatment and helps the environment. </li></ul>
  39. 41. LIMITATIONS OF FUTURE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Skills shortage </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing and long term projects </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural change </li></ul><ul><li>Research needed </li></ul>
  40. 42. EFFECTS OF WATER INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Flora and fauna </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental flows </li></ul><ul><li>Clean landscapes </li></ul>
  41. 43. HISTORY OF SYDNEY’S WATER Source:www.naturalresources. gov.au The Shoalhaven Scheme
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