Chapter 1 Introduction to Biochemistry Prentice Hall c2002 Chapter 1
Adenovirus: Viruses consist of a nucleic acid molecule surrounded by a protein coat
1.1 Biochemistry Is a Modern Science Prentice Hall c2002 Chapter 1
Urea was synthesized by heating the inorganic compound ammonium cyanate (1828) by Friedrich Wohler
This showed that compounds found exclusively in living organisms could be synthesized from common inorganic substances
Two notable breakthroughs in the history of biochemistry Prentice Hall c2002 Chapter 1 (1) Discovery of the role of enzymes as catalysts (2) Identification of nucleic acids as information molecules Flow of information: from nucleic acids to proteins DNA RNA Protein
In clinical chemistry, biochemical measurements on people help diagnose illnesses and monitor responses to treatment. Liver disease is now routinely diagnosed and monitored by measurements of blood levels of enzymes called transaminases and of a hemoglobin breakdown product called bilirubin .