Minerals iodine magnesium ppt BIOCHEMISTRY vkunder637@gmail.com

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Minerals iodine magnesium ppt BIOCHEMISTRY vkunder637@gmail.com

  1. 1. Dr. Vijay Marakala, MBBS, MD. Assistant professor BIOCHEMISTRY SIMS & RC
  2. 2. SOURCE RDA METABOLISM FUNCTION DEFICIENCY
  3. 3. Sea foods Egg Dairy products Iodized salt Drinking water Vegetables
  4. 4. 150 µg/day
  5. 5. Absorption Upper small intestine Transport Binding loosely to plasma proteins Storage 80% in thyroid gland Excretion 2/3rd in urine
  6. 6. Required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones T4 and T3
  7. 7. DIETARY DEFECIENCY •Goitre belt GOITROGENS •Thiocyanates •Thiourea
  8. 8. Potassium iodide
  9. 9. Sources RDA Distribution Functions Disorders
  10. 10. Green leafy vegetables Cereals Nuts Sea foods
  11. 11. 300- 400 mg/day
  12. 12. Total body magnesium is 25gm 67% in bone 32% in cells Extra cellular magnesium is 1% Plasma magnesium 1.8 – 2.5mg/dl
  13. 13. Activator of many enzymes Maintain normal muscle and nerve function Needed for healthy bones and teeth
  14. 14. Hypomagnesaemia Hypermagnesaemia
  15. 15. Malnutrition, alcoholism Malabsorption Renal tubular acidosis Toxemia of pregnancy Drugs - diuretics
  16. 16. Muscle cramps and tetany Cardiac arrhythmias Ataxia, tremor
  17. 17. CAUSES Chronic renal failure Rhabdomyolysis FEATURES Muscle weakness Hypotension

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