Alain-Michael Boudet / Workshop 1 Emergence Forum Barcelona

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Presentation given by Alain-Michel Boudet from University of Toulouse III, Paul Sabatier in the framework of the Emergence Forum Barcelona

Biocat organized the Barcelona Emergence Forum (April 10-11th, 2014, Congress Palace, Montjuïc) supported by the TRANSBIO SUDOE, a translational cooperation project dedicated to innovation in life sciences in South-West Europe. The Barcelona Emergence Forum contributed to bringing together Academics, Companies, Investment Entities, Technology Platforms and Technology Transfer Offices from Spain, France and Portugal to set up collaborative projects on Human Health & Agro-food Innovation.
More information at: http://www.b2match.eu/emergenceforum2014

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Alain-Michael Boudet / Workshop 1 Emergence Forum Barcelona

  1. 1. Workshop 1 : « Innovation and risks: public and expert perceptions Chairman : Alain-Michel Boudet – University of Toulouse Samantha Leonard – INSERM/ University of Toulouse Pere Oliver Reus (Instituto Nacional de Oceanografía, Balearic Islands) Vicenç Tur Tur (Lipopharma Therapeutics, Balearic Islands) Jorge Cortell (Kanteron Systems USA, Valencia) Damien Dessis (SIRIC BRIO, Bordeaux) François Roman (Amylgen, Montpelier)
  2. 2. Program of the workshop • Introductory remarks • Presentation of a case study by Samantha Leonard « Stakeholders visions of innovation in medical genetic testing » • Opening of the round table with all the participants and the audience
  3. 3. 1.main actions for promoting innovation in the different regions 2.main obstacles for developping innovation 3.in which way potential risks associated with technologies may preclude innovation 4.how can public perception can be improved ? 5.the role and the responsability of the producers of new technologies Main topics of the roundtable
  4. 4. Eurobarometer 2013 in the field of sciences and of technologies • 50 % Europeans are interested in the developments in sciences and technologies • 77 % think that sciences and technologies have a positive impact BUT • 62 % think that sciences and technologies change their life style too quickly • 54 % think that the applications of sciences and technologies may threaten human rights
  5. 5. A product innovation is the act of bringing something new to the market place An innovation is a discovery (an invention) that has found a MARKET
  6. 6. Classical concerns in our different countries are: • How to stimulate discoveries ?. • How to stimulate innovations ? But Prerequisite to the second question Is To anticipate the reactions of the public in front of a new technology
  7. 7. • The technology does not correspond to a need • The technology appears risky
  8. 8. The tremendous potential of some technologies induces significant fears • Biotechnology human cloning • ICT disappearance of private life • Nuclear energy extinction of societies • Nanobiotechnology transhumanism • Artificial intelligence fear of being surpassed by the technology Each techology involves both : - positive demonstrated impacts - negative anticipated impacts
  9. 9. The risks (or potential risks) may be at the levels - of individuals OR - of the society In some cases the adoption of a technology is not only a minor decision but can correspond to a society choice
  10. 10. An an example : « GMOs may be a marvellous solution for a certain type of project for society. But it is precisely this project for society that we do not want. » Bruno Rebelle (Greenpeace 2002) The public debates on new technologies are often less focused on the intrinsic risks of the products than on the way their use is supposed to change the society
  11. 11. A few explanations at the level of individuals for having reservations and increasing suspicion about technologies • Fast emerging new innovations • Media strategies (dramatisation, uncontrolled information) • Desacralisation of Science • The commitment of active militant groups
  12. 12. 1.main actions for promoting innovation in the different regions
  13. 13. 2.main obstacles for developping innovation
  14. 14. 3.in which way potential risks associated with technologies may preclude innovation
  15. 15. 4.how can public perception can be improved ?
  16. 16. Eurobarometer 2013 in the field of sciences and of technologies • 40 % feel they are informed • 85 % are in favour of a compulsory training of researchers in ethics • 65 % think that the governments do too little to raise young people’s interest in science
  17. 17. The public opinion has the feeling of an acceleration of technological advances associated with negative effects • Difficult technical and psychological appropriation of new technologies • Scheduled obsolescence • Advertisements for unnecessary product Are we the masters of the technologies or their slaves ?
  18. 18. « The speed with which innovations succeed each other leaves no respite, hence a social and psychological disorientation which is unprecedented in history ». Bernard Stiegler 1996 « Society seems to be kind of exhausted seeing that its thinking framework is changing relentlessly » Marie Ange Lhermitte
  19. 19. The remoteness between the products of technology and the society is increasing • Before : bicycle, car, … • Now : Smart phone, PC, recent car • Is society moving away from technological products or are said technological products moving away from society?
  20. 20. 5.the role and the responsability of the producers of new technologies
  21. 21. What about the producers of new technologies A more pronounced ethical concern : • Increased consideration of human and environmental issues • Identification of « no go areas » A new attitude : • To develop more interactions with human and social sciences • To contribute to the education of the public • To be more involved in the deployment of the technology. They will play an increasing role in accompanying this deployment
  22. 22. Possible solutions • Improving basic scientific culture and the judgmental mind of our fellow citizens (but in the long run). • Improving the popularisation quality and efforts with the public at large • Setting up in each country an undisputable pluridisciplinary structure to give advice on emerging technologies and their applications • Anticipate reflections at economic, societal, ethical levels as soon as a new technology appears • Considerate in the decisions « the global ecosystem», the human factor, the environment, the solidarities, the development.

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