Dolphins <br />Anatomy, ecology, behavior and popularity				<br />
Some Background Info:<br />There are about 60 different species of dolphin (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with At...
Anatomy<br />Brain and Sense Organs<br />Locomotion<br />Feeding<br />
Brain…and Sense Organs<br />Brain is Large and Developed (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Thought to be very int...
	Nose, Eyes, and Ears<br />Almost no sense of smell (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Eyes are well developed (Th...
Communication<br />Do not emit sounds with voice box (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Sounds pass through tissue...
Locomotion<br />Swing tail through the water (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Forelimbs used for navigating (Thewissen, “Loc...
Locomotion continued…<br />Tail Fluke (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Body is efficient for locomotion(Thewissen, “Locomoti...
Feeding<br />Prong-like teeth (Thewissen, “Feeding”)<br />Fish, Crustaceans, squid and mollusks(Thewissen, “Feeding”)<br />
Behavior <br />
Consciousness<br />Aware of their own body image, thus able to copy human movements (Herman, “animal consciousness: dolphi...
Dolphin at play…<br />
Behavior continued…<br />Can use tools both in captivity and in the wild (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atla...
School of dolphins…<br />
Ecology<br />
Habitat<br />Tropical/temperate oceans<br />Freshwater<br />Warm seas<br />
Popularity<br />
Held in Captivity<br />Dolphins used in tourism (.The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Dolp...
Welfare<br />Capture can be stressful and dangerous (<br />The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environmen...
Welfare continued…	<br />Reasons for early death include:<br />Physical injury, shock, ulcers, heat stroke etc (The Encycl...
Dolphin in aquarium<br />
References	<br />Ares, Nick. Dolphins: Dolphins at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom. 2008. Picture. Flickr, USA.<br />Web. 1 Ma...
References:<br />Hinnosaar, Marit and Toomas.  A dolphin playing with a ball. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. <br />Web. 1 May...
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  • Resource used :The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guideSend citation to EasyBibEmail this entryPrint this entrySave this entryhttp://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/entry.do?id=9853476Share
  • http://www.accessscience.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/content.aspx?searchStr=Dolphins+using+echolocation&amp;id=122700#S1http://www.accessscience.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/content.aspx?searchStr=echolocation+of+dolphins&amp;id=YB000490 (echolocation)
  • http://www.accessscience.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/content.aspx?searchStr=Dolphins+using+echolocation&amp;id=122700http://www.oxfordreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/views/ENTRY.html?entry=t313.e23&amp;srn=5&amp;ssid=120759019&amp;authstatuscode=202#FIRSTHIThttp://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/entry.do?id=9853476Burgoon, Tom. Dolphin-Vegas. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. Web. 1 May. 2011.
  • Hinnosaar, Marit and Toomas. A dolphin playing with a ball. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. Web. 1 May. 2011
  • http://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/entry.do?id=9853476
  • http://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/entry/cabitrme/dolphinhttp://www.credoreference.com.ezproxy.hacc.edu/entry/cabitrme/welfare_of_captive_marine_wildlife
  • Dolphins2

    1. 1. Dolphins <br />Anatomy, ecology, behavior and popularity <br />
    2. 2. Some Background Info:<br />There are about 60 different species of dolphin (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide, “ Dolphin”)<br />Dolphins cannot smile (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide, “Dolphin”)<br />Trivia:<br />The name dolphin is applied to species that have beaklike snout and slender body and the name porpoise is given to species that have blunt snouts and a stocky body. (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide, “Dolphin”)<br />US military trained dolphins to detect mines in the Gulf (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide, “Dolphin”)<br />
    3. 3. Anatomy<br />Brain and Sense Organs<br />Locomotion<br />Feeding<br />
    4. 4. Brain…and Sense Organs<br />Brain is Large and Developed (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Thought to be very intelligent (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />
    5. 5. Nose, Eyes, and Ears<br />Almost no sense of smell (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Eyes are well developed (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Ears are most important sense (Thewissen, “Brian and Sense Organs”)<br />
    6. 6. Communication<br />Do not emit sounds with voice box (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Sounds pass through tissues of the head (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Sounds can travel hundreds of miles (Moss,“Perceptual and neural processes for echolocation”)<br />Fatty Organ: Melon (Thewissen, “Brain and Sense Organs”)<br />Echolocation (Moss, “Perceptual and neural processes for echolocation”)<br />
    7. 7. Locomotion<br />Swing tail through the water (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Forelimbs used for navigating (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Fins resemble flat oars (five fingers)<br />(Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Dorsal fin stabilizes body<br />(Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />
    8. 8. Locomotion continued…<br />Tail Fluke (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Body is efficient for locomotion(Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />Must come to the surface for air (Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />My0globin(Thewissen, “Locomotion”)<br />
    9. 9. Feeding<br />Prong-like teeth (Thewissen, “Feeding”)<br />Fish, Crustaceans, squid and mollusks(Thewissen, “Feeding”)<br />
    10. 10. Behavior <br />
    11. 11. Consciousness<br />Aware of their own body image, thus able to copy human movements (Herman, “animal consciousness: dolphins”)<br />Recognize abstract images of the human body(Herman, “animal consciousness: dolphins”)<br />Possess self awareness (Herman, “animal consciousness: dolphins ”)<br />
    12. 12. Dolphin at play…<br />
    13. 13. Behavior continued…<br />Can use tools both in captivity and in the wild (The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide, “Tool Use”). <br />Live in schools/sometimes composed of diff. species (Thewissen, “Life history and social structure”)<br />Cooperative Hunting (Thewissen, “Life history and social structure”)<br />Females have offspring every 3-6 yrs (Thewissen, “Life history and social structure”)<br />Reach 50 yrs of age (Thewissen, “Life history and social structure”)<br />
    14. 14. School of dolphins…<br />
    15. 15. Ecology<br />
    16. 16. Habitat<br />Tropical/temperate oceans<br />Freshwater<br />Warm seas<br />
    17. 17. Popularity<br />
    18. 18. Held in Captivity<br />Dolphins used in tourism (.The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Dolphin”)<br />Used for breeding, tricks, research etc (.The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Dolphin”)<br />Kept in sea pens, aquaria's (.The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Dolphin”)<br />Used in feeding programs or “swimming with the dolphins” (.The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Dolphin”)<br />
    19. 19. Welfare<br />Capture can be stressful and dangerous (<br />The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />Mortality rate increased 6 fold (The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />Do not live as long as their wild counterparts (The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />Behavior abnormalities due to captivity include:<br />Aggressiveness, increased sexual behavior, self harming, and vomiting. (The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />
    20. 20. Welfare continued… <br />Reasons for early death include:<br />Physical injury, shock, ulcers, heat stroke etc (The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />Habitats designed to appeal to tourists and not to the animals needs (. .The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />Confined to small swimming pools .(The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments, “Welfare of captive marine wildlife”)<br />
    21. 21. Dolphin in aquarium<br />
    22. 22. References <br />Ares, Nick. Dolphins: Dolphins at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom. 2008. Picture. Flickr, USA.<br />Web. 1 May. 2011. <br />Boers, Milan. Dolphin in Sea World: A dolphin at the dolphin show in Sea World, Orlando, Florida. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. Web. 4 May. 2011.<br />Burgoon, Tom. Dolphin-Vegas. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. <br />Web. 1 May. 2011.<br />Cynthia F. Moss, "Perceptual and neural processes for echolocation," in AccessScience, ©McGraw-Hill Companies, 2000. Web. 22 March 2011.<br />"Dolphin." The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments. Oxford: CABI, 2008. Credo Reference. Web. 22 March 2011.<br />"dolphin." The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide. Abington: Helicon, 2010. Credo Reference. Web. 22 March 2011.<br />Harrison, Peter. Dolphins: Bottle Nose dolphins in the Bay of Islands. 2006. Picture. Flickr, New Zealand.<br />Web. 1 May. 2011.<br />
    23. 23. References:<br />Hinnosaar, Marit and Toomas. A dolphin playing with a ball. 2009. Picture. Flickr, USA. <br />Web. 1 May. 2011.<br /> <br />J. G. M. Thewissen, "Cetacea," in AccessScience, ©McGraw-Hill Companies, 2008. Web. 22 March 2011.<br />Kaiser, Nico. Dolphins: Dolphin Show at LoroParque, Puerto de la Cruz. 2005. Picture. Flickr, Germany.<br />Web. 1 May. 2011.<br /> <br />Louis M. Herman "animal consciousness: dolphins"  The Oxford Companion to Consciousness. by Tim Bayne, Axel Cleeremans and Patrick Wilken. Oxford University Press Inc. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Harrisburg Area Community College.  23 March. Web. 22 March 2011. <br />"Welfare of Captive Marine Wildlife." The Encyclopedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments. Oxford: CABI, 2008. Credo Reference. Web. 22 March 2011.<br />Wollstadt, Roger. Mote Aquarium- Dolphin. 2008. Picture. Flickr, USA. <br />Web. 1 May. 2011.<br />

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