1. TERRORISM IN INDIA
Name: Bheemeswar Tippabhotla
Techriti Id: TECH54191
• Terrorism was not confined to a single acceptable definition.
Broadly speaking, it can be defined as a violent action which is
there by threatening the common people.
• It is mainly political in aim.
• It will conclude to many psychological repercussions beyond the
• The most devastating part about terrorism is that it is
conducted by an organization with a chain of command and
conspirational cell structure.
Terrorism in India :
Since independence India is affected by two types
terrorisms, which are divided based on their architecture.
1) Sub-national terrorism(Naxalism/Maoism): It is due to the
organisations formed and acting within the country
involving the local people.
2) Non-state terrorism: It is due to the organisations having
their roots outside the country.
3. Extent :
One terrorist attack at any corner is enough to shake the
The non-state terrorists mainly plan their course of action at
highly dense areas and famous places.
The Naxalites operate in 60 districts in India.
Explosion of bombs and use of non-lethal weapons aimed at
Loss of innocent lives.
Destruction of houses, establishments, religious places.
Looting of banks.
Hijacking of buses, planes.
Crimes such as kidnap, rape.
Smuggling of goods and weapons.
Counterfeiting of currency.
Human rights violation.
The Kashmir conflict : The Kashmir conflict gave rise to the evolution
of terrorist groups against India such as Al-Qaida, Lashkar-eToiba, Jamat-ud Daawa etc. Moreover the government of
Pakistan, precisely ISI itself is funding for their activities and
protecting their base stations in POK.
5. With their ideologies, they are sometimes successful in creating an
impression among the locals that in this country, that Muslims are
made the victims of discrimination, and there by funding valuable
human resources into their organisations.
The human rights violation by the army, the action of
police beyond the law and order and hatred speeches and some
actions of politicians will cause the spreading of terrorist
Regarding the sub-national terrorism, the failure of government to
look into the reduction of economical imbalance and social
disparities led to the formation of naxalites in 1967.
Since then, the methodologies of their action may have been
changed but, the reason beyond the supporting and involvement of
the people in their movement integrally remains the same, i.e.
youth, peasants and working class and emotional alienation.
So, the main reason for Naxalism can be concluded as the
inability and inefficiency of the government to satisfy the needs of
all the people.
Eight states in India are highly affected by naxalism, eleven are
moderately affected, while four out of remaining nine states are
marginally affected by naxalism.
7. Observations :
In the past 10 tears, the number of terrorist incidents reported have increased
gradually. The map shows that India stands in the category of countries in
which the number of terrorist incidents reported in a year are 10 to 79.
8. Map shows the intensity of
naxalites in India, area wise.
It says that almost the entire
India is affected by Naxalite
insomnia, ranging from low to
extreme, except some parts in
central and western India.
Which means that Naxalites have
citizens and are receiving support
from them directly or indirectly
for their activities.
9. Data :
India stands at fourth place after Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan in the
list of countries affected by terrorism.
India lost Rs.50000 crores of foreign inflow of funds due to terrorist
A total of 32 terrorist organisations are banned in India.
Since 1970, nearly 10000 incidents of terrorism are reported and the
fatalities were around 50000
In the year 2012 itself, 557 terrorist attacks were reported in which 231
people were found dead and 559 were wounded.
Maoists(India)/ Communist Party of India-Maoist stands 4 th in the
list of perpetrator groups with the most attacks worldwide for the year
Only to reconstruct Hotel Taj, which was damaged in 26/11 attacks, a
total of Rs.500 crores were spent. So, the amount required to reconstruct
all the establishments which were damaged in terrorist attacks will be a
10. Side effects of terrorism :
The terrorist attacks are a challenge to the peace, progress
and prosperity of our country.
terrorist attacks hinder the new investments. Foreign
investors may not find the country safe anymore and may try to
withdraw their current investments even. This in turn leads to
unemployment and underemployment.
attacks cause the rise of inflation and reduces the
The tourism will be seriously affected after terrorist attacks.
Also, the players from other countries may not be willing to play
in the country.
The attacks cause communal clashes among the people. The
tensions among people will have its impact on a long run.
11. Measures to be taken to fight against terrorism :
The government should look in to the root cause, i.e. to eradicate
sub-national terrorism, it should focus in the uplifting of economically
and socially backward classes, mainly tribals who are both the active
participants and in many cases, victims of sub-national terrorism. It
should create more jobs of good salaries to check out the problems of
both unemployment and underemployment.
It should also make clear that all the classes of people are
equal and treat them by the same to remove the feeling of alienation
by some classes of people.
Regarding the non-state terrorism, India should mainly focus on
Kashmir. As there are many base camps operating from the POK, India
should either try to take over the whole Kashmir according to the
unanimous resolution made by the Parliament of India,February 22 nd
,1994 or should create an impregnable border for the whole country in
all means, i.e. by land, by sea and by air.
12. Implementable solutions
sanctioned police for 1lakh population is 145.25 and the actual
measure is 117.09. Which means that one police is present for 854 persons in
Now, this becomes a serious issue. The number of police should be
increased such that there is at least 1 police for 100 citizens, to fight against
Some leaders and rich people are allegedly financing the terrorist
institutions. The government should combat against illicit finance.
The cyber security cell must be strengthened.
India is termed as queen of Indian Ocean. But technically, it lost its place
now. This is because the long range naval war equipment were being
damaged one after the other, but none of them were being upgraded.
with their budget, the neighboring countries are incorporated
with modern war equipment. India should upgrade all of its weapon and
defense systems and should provide funds in the budget, accordingly.
The government should interrogate the cases, make analysis and
act effectively against the cases regarding terrorism. It should not
fear for political benefits or loses against the assassination of the
culprits charged with death sentence in the terrorist cases, which it
is doing presently. It should also execute the death sentence quickly
to send signals to the terrorist organisations stating that India won’t
tolerate terrorism on it’s land.
Besides, innocent people should never be booked in
terrorist cases on the basis of religion. If such incidents are repeated
timely, people may lose faith in the government and judiciary
system which in turn will lead to a serious problem.
Terrorism achieves nothing and solves nothing. War shall never
make peace. No religion in this world preaches terrorism. The public
should be percepted with this so that they may not indulge in
terrorist activities or help the terrorists in any manner.
14. Innovative ideas
A database must be created in which all the information about
terrorists, worldwide must be uploaded. It must be up to date. It must
be open for the citizens to view, but not to modify.
international, regional and sub-regional agencies fighting against
terrorism and co-ordination must be present
institutions which are fighting against terrorism.
Co-operation among different
regarding science and technology.
organisations, either at sub-national or non-state level, by capturing
or assassinating the leaders of these organisations.
At present, a stipend of Rs.2000 per month up to 12 months is
provided for the surrendered militants (Maximum amount for the
militants surrendered without arms). This amount can be increased so
that more number of Maoists will be surrendered.
15. Bibliography :
Global Terrorism Database(GTD)
South Asia Terrorism Portal(SATP)
U.S.Department of State(DoS)
The United Nations Asia and Far East Institute(UNAFEI)