PNS: The State of Homelessness, F.W. TXPresentation Transcript
National Alliance to End Homelessness 2011
Emergency Shelter Emergency Shelter NATIONAL HOMELESS TREND LINE Hous-ing Housing 1980’s 1990’s Housing 2000 -’05 ES 2006 – ‘11 Housing ES 2011 - 2020 Permanent Supportive Housing Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text. Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text. Example text Go ahead and replace it with your own text. This is an example text. 1 2 3 ES Your own footer Your Logo
Major National Findings The nation’s homeless population increased by approximately 20,000 people from 636,324 in 2008 to 656,129 in 2009 (3 % increase). Increase in subgroups of people experiencing homelessness : families, individuals, chronic, unsheltered. A majority – 31 of 50 states and the DC - had increases in homeless counts. The largest increase was in Louisiana, where the homeless population doubled. The largest % increase was in family households, which increased by over 3,200 households (4 % increase). Also, the number of persons in families increased by more than 6,000 people (3 % increase). After population reductions from 2005 to 2008, the number of chronically homeless people remained stagnant from 2008 to 2009, despite an 11 % increase in the number of permanent supportive housing units. Most people experiencing homelessness are sheltered, nearly 4 in 10 were living on the street, in a car, or in another place not intended for human habitation. There is a vast undercount of the number of young people experiencing homelessness. Underscoring this is the fact that 35 % of all communities reported that there were no homeless youth in their communities in 2009.
Total Homeless Population by State Texas’s homeless population decreased by 3,429 people, from 40,190 in 2008 to 36,761 in 2009 (-8.53% decrease). For every 10,000 persons in Texas, 14.83 are homeless.
Chronic Homeless Population by State Texas’s chronic homeless population decreased by 3,429 people, from 8,844 in 2008 to 6,020 in 2009 (-31.93% decrease).
Family Homeless Population by State Family homeless population in Texas increased by 1957 people, from 12,240 in 2008 to 14,197 in 2009 (15.99% increase).
Unsheltered Homeless Population Unsheltered homeless population in Texas decreased by 1007 people, from 16,110 in 2008 to 15,103 in 2009 (-6.25% increase).
Texas Findings Summary Texas’s homeless population decreased by 3,429 people, from 40,190 in 2008 to 36,761 in 2009 (-8.53% decrease). For every 10,000 persons in Texas, 14.83 are homeless. Texas’s chronic homeless population decreased by 3,429 people (from 8,844 in 2008 to 6,020 in 2009 (-31.93% decrease). In 2009, the chronic homeless population is 16.38% of the total homeless population in Texas. Family homeless population in Texas increased by 1957 people, from 12,240 in 2008 to 14,197 in 2009 (15.99% increase). Unsheltered homeless population in Texas decreased by 1007 people, from 16,110 in 2008 to 15,103 in 2009 (-6.25% increase).
Texas Homeless Indicators Overall homelessness per 10,000 people (15) Unemployment Rate (7.6%) Foreclosure Rate 1/X Housing Unit (94) Percent of Poor Cost Burdened (72.19%) *Uninsured Rate (24.17% TX/15.36% Nat.) *Doubled Up per 1,000 people (28 TX/19 Nat.) *Higher than National rate
Key Economic Findings Conditions worsened among all four economic indicators in this report: housing affordability for poor people, unemployment, poor workers’ income, and foreclosure status. From 2008 to 2009, the number of unemployed people in America increased by 60% from 8.9 to 14.3 million. Every state and the District of Columbia had an increase in the number of unemployed people. The number of unemployed people in Wyoming doubled. Nearly three-quarters of all U.S. households with incomes below the federal poverty line spend over 50 percent of monthly household income on rent. Over 80 percent of households below the federal poverty line in Florida, Nevada, and California spend more than 50 percent of income on rent. Fortystates saw an increase in the number of poor households experiencing severe housing cost burden from 2008 to 2009.
PNS 1984 – 2007 First 13 years . . . Emergency Shelter Housing
PNS 2008 – 2011 The last 3 years . . . Permanent Supportive Housing Emergency Shelter
PNS 2012 - 2017 75% of clients on track for jobs and housing Capacity to Expand Permanent SupportiveHousing 25% of clients chronicallyhomeless (mentally ill, substance abuse) Emergency Shelter Prevention Programs Scalability with Quality
25% of clients chronicallyhomeless (mentally ill, substance abuse) PNS 2018 and beyond Capacity to Expand 75% of clients on track for jobs and housing 50-65% reduction in homeless clients Successful Permanent SupportiveHousing(e.g., Social Enterprise, Single Room, Transitional, Supportive, Voucher, PNS Apartment Development) Prevention Programs Emergency Shelter Scalability with Quality
75% of clients on track for jobs and housing 25% of clients chronicallyhomeless PNS 2018 and beyond 50-65% reduction in homeless clients Partner/Merge with Day Resource Center for Prevention Referrals Successful Permanent SupportiveHousing(e.g., Social Enterprise, Single Room, Transitional, Supportive, Voucher, PNS Apartment Development) Prevention Programs Emergency Shelter
Move Veterans to Community Housing
Move Women & Children to Community Housing
Keep Main Shelter forChronic Homeless
Make Lowden-SchuttsTransitional Housing
Emergency Shelter “Playing Field” UGM PNS Regional Leadership DRC Room at Inn SalvationArmy 0 2000 4000 Number of People Served
Housing “Playing Field” *Samar-itan House CC *HIV & Homeless Regional Leadership PNS SA RR 0 150 250 Number of People Served
Key Economic Findings While real income among all U.S. workers decreased by 1 percent in 2009, poor workers’ income decreased even more, dropping by 2 percent to $9,151. Poor workers in Alaska, the District of Columbia, Maine, and Rhode Island saw their incomes decrease by more than 10 percent. Foreclosure affected nearly half a million more households in 2009 than in 2008, a 21 percent increase for a total of 2.8 million foreclosed units in 2009. The number of foreclosed units more than doubled in Alabama, Hawaii, Idaho, Mississippi, and West Virginia.
Moving Forward These findings project a disquieting picture of what depressed wages, stagnant unemployment, unrelenting housing cost burden, and the lagging pace of the economic recovery could bring about: increases in homelessness and heightened risk of homelessness for more and more Americans. As the new Congress and the Administration consider steps to revitalize the American economy with jobs, extension of benefits, and access to health care, it would be prudent to take note of these increased risk factors and incorporate homeless interventions into their recovery strategy.
Moving Forward Prevention strategies administered effectively and efficiently to curb homelessness before it occurs is one critical way to reduce homelessness: Federal support of local efforts: To date, over 270 communities have adapted and adopted the Alliance’s Ten Year Plan to End Homelessness. In July 2010, these communities found a federal partner; the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness released Opening Doors, a national, cooperative, interagency approach to end homelessness. Working together, communities – with the assistance of federal agencies, services, and resources - can achieve the goal of ending homelessness in America. Examine state institutions: Discharge from state institutions – including foster care, incarceration, and health facilities – contributes to the number of people experiencing homelessness, but with the proper interventions and transition support, this is a problem that can be remedied. Strategic use of federal resources: The need for homeless assistance programs is both abundant and critical - but federal resources are increasingly scarce. Ongoing federal initiatives to prevent and end homelessness must be implemented strategically to maximize their impact and efficacy.